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Criminology 3523

by: elleegottshall Notetaker

Criminology 3523 SOC 3523

elleegottshall Notetaker

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Unit 1 Notes
Dr. Carl
Class Notes
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Popular in Criminology

Popular in Sociology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by elleegottshall Notetaker on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3523 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. Carl in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 04/28/16
Unit 1 Notes M’Naghten rule- not guilty due to insanity  (know right from wrong?) The Durham decision  an individual may not be guilty if act is product of mental disease or defect Brawner test  not responsible for conduct if at the time of such conduct as a result of mental disease they lack substantial capacity  (Hinckley-shot Reagan bc of Jodi foster) Guilty but mentally ill  backlash against the Hinckley case  allows courts to sentence an offender despite mental health Defense to criminal liability  accident/mistake, ignorance, insanity, entrapment (speed traps), self-defense, duress (stress) Spurious  2 variables may co-vary, but their correlation is due to a factor we did not consider (appear to be right, but don’t make sense- ice-cream & drowning) Parsimony  idea of getting the most for our effort Sample of convenience  suffer from selection effect (likelihood that is a non- representative sample) Surveys are a cost-effective way of gathering data Participant and non-participation observation Case studies Felson’s Fallacies Dramatic Fallacy- believing crime is exciting and dramatic when it’s really boring Horror-distortion sequence- find horrific crime, entertain public, make money while creating a myth in the public mind, build on myth for the next horror story (Natalee Holloway) 2 central themes involved in murder- lethal weapon too near & hospital too far away  Many think that cops, courts, and prisons can prevent crime but crime comes first then cops How can police prevent crime- beefed up police crime can’t prevent crime because of specific knowledge (police doesn’t know who is who and if its your house or not; moving or stealing?) and distance and space (must be on the spot at the exact time, 99.98% not protected by police, less than 1% of crime is caught in the act by police) Courts and punishment  can heart attack prevent past smoking?  no cannot prevent crime after the fact Not-me fallacy- suggest that WE would never commit a crime Ingenuity fallacy- false images of crime often include the idea that it takes a level of intelligence or skill  Most crime involves little or no skill, and even less planning Organized crime fallacy- most organized crime involves drug smuggling and illegal gambling  Most organized crime involves chain letter operations Juvenile-gang fallacy-gang crime does occur but it mostly involves vandalism Crime occurs when 3 things converge- likely offender, suitable target, absence of a capable guardian (cameras, witnesses, dogs) Agenda Fallacy-  Moral (solution=teach what is right)  religious (go to church=less crime), Welfare state fallacy- many hate wellfare system for supporting undesirables leading them to laziness while others believe it is not big enough (welfare is irrelevant to crime rates)  High fear of crime linked to elderly, females, and African Americans and Hispanics Warehousing-strategy that is based on the desire to prevent recurrent crime and that has abandoned all hope of rehabilitation  Resulted in overcrowding  Just Deserts era- proper way to look at incarceration  Chain gains  Work groups  Longer sentences  Collective  Imprison almost all serious offenders o Predetermined or fixed, sentences for given offenses  Selective incapacitation o Seeks to identity most dangerous and keep them confined. Restricts good and gain time such as 3 strikes Typical youth sentence  Youth lives risky life around dangerous people  He is incarcerated for short period of time  He is returned to society into same lifestyle  Does same thing again (most students fear the second stage but for many it is almost a rite of passage) Punishment Video  Justice woman o blindfold: impressionality o sword: punishment o Scale: severity and mercy  Rules- taboo dealt with by vengeance/no penal system  Codes of law (hamarabi’s code) crime and punishment balance  Law of moses- 10 commandments (eye for eye)  Greek first to question criminality; judged by group of peers  Socrates tried for ungodliness corrupting youth- sentenced to drink hemlock (death)  Foragers-boiled  Pickpockets would go to executions bc everyone would be there  Creation of jails  Executioner- only man entitled to kill (butcher past from father to son); branded GAL on people – condemned to hellish and short life in gallyslave  Gally- horrible weather, sickness, shortage of food, flogged daily  Imprisonment solution that costs money  British=prisons  Each inmate has own cell, avoid contamination,  No one should be tortured or treated poorly  Crimes against property rising  Blacks receive harsher punishments than whites


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