PY 372- week 16 notes
PY 372- week 16 notes PY 372
Popular in PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/28/16
PY 372- Week 16 Notes - Social Psychology and the Clinic- **Differ from sane/insane The Rosenhan Experiment -took avg. of 19 days for sane people to convince doctors of sanity Clinical Biases Inaccurate assumptions Confirmation biases Overconfidence Cognitive overload Going beyond clinical biases -computer programs alone better than doc =combined- more accuracy “Couch Psychology” Self-presentation and therapy Traditional Viewpoint: the more openness in therapy the better- provide all details and hold nothing back Reflects reality… more openness, over-sharing of details is often associated with WORSE outcomes Its unnatural and awkward to be very open o High levels of openness assoc. with weaker bond between clinician and client o Traditionally, openness involves divulging negative self relevant info NEW Focus on the person you want to be in therapy **Data& theory say: changing the way we act can change the way we see ourselves (self perception theory) we become the person we mimic -especially when we get validation from important others New viewpoint (Kelly, 2000)- clients should present an image of the self they desire Nevertheless, clients need to be: o Truthful o General in behavioral descriptions of negative things Therapists need to: o Encourage clients to make positive statements about themselves and beneficial changes o Explain how self-concept change works, and encourage clients to play the role of their ideal self Be own therapist Consider 1 positive trait you wish to cultivate Everyday actively look for opportunities to demonstrate your desired trait Stress -stressor: any physical/psychological event perceived as being able to cause harm or emotional distress 2 types: 1. Major life events 2. Microstressors Dealing with stress coping -emotion focused vs. problem focused -The social psychology of resource acquisition and happiness- MATERIALISM On the rise People often want stuff to feel good Mood repair Image cultivation & “making it” Materialism relates to: Reduced life satisfaction Symptoms of major depression, anxiety disorders Less happy with friends, family Headaches/ physical ailments Bottom line: people often pursue happiness through materialism “Money does not buy happiness” -way too general to be correct and implies privileged status -Relation between wealth and well-being Income is related to happiness, but relationship disappears when poorest people not included For the generally well-off: Those who get raises are not happier 2-3 mos. After the raise Get unexpected $--> happiness increases for short pd. Of time Conclusion: money is linked to happiness insofar as it supports affording necessities and a little luxury and entertainment Why materialism fails to satisfy: 1. Adaptation level phenomenon: The tendency to adapt to a given level of stimulation thus to notice and react to changes from that level a. ALL problems are relative nd 2. Parkinsons 2 law: expenditures rise to meet income 3. Upward social comparison: always someone richer than you 4. Interferes with doing the things that make you happy What does make people happy? Close, supportive relationships Cultivate positive traits Challenging work Engaging in leisure activities Good health Being grateful and expressing gratitude Spending money
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