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PY 372- week 16 notes

by: Alexia Acebo

PY 372- week 16 notes PY 372

Alexia Acebo
GPA 3.7

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week 16 notes!!!
PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
William Hart
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Thursday April 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 04/28/16
PY 372- Week 16 Notes - Social Psychology and the Clinic- **Differ from sane/insane The Rosenhan Experiment -took avg. of 19 days for sane people to convince doctors of sanity Clinical Biases  Inaccurate assumptions  Confirmation biases  Overconfidence  Cognitive overload Going beyond clinical biases -computer programs alone better than doc =combined- more accuracy “Couch Psychology” Self-presentation and therapy  Traditional Viewpoint: the more openness in therapy the better- provide all details and hold nothing back  Reflects reality… more openness, over-sharing of details is often associated with WORSE outcomes  Its unnatural and awkward to be very open o High levels of openness assoc. with weaker bond between clinician and client o Traditionally, openness involves divulging negative self relevant info NEW Focus on the person you want to be in therapy **Data& theory say: changing the way we act can change the way we see ourselves (self perception theory)  we become the person we mimic -especially when we get validation from important others New viewpoint (Kelly, 2000)- clients should present an image of the self they desire  Nevertheless, clients need to be: o Truthful o General in behavioral descriptions of negative things  Therapists need to: o Encourage clients to make positive statements about themselves and beneficial changes o Explain how self-concept change works, and encourage clients to play the role of their ideal self Be own therapist  Consider 1 positive trait you wish to cultivate  Everyday actively look for opportunities to demonstrate your desired trait Stress -stressor: any physical/psychological event perceived as being able to cause harm or emotional distress 2 types: 1. Major life events 2. Microstressors Dealing with stress coping -emotion focused vs. problem focused -The social psychology of resource acquisition and happiness- MATERIALISM  On the rise  People often want stuff to feel good  Mood repair  Image cultivation & “making it” Materialism relates to:  Reduced life satisfaction  Symptoms of major depression, anxiety disorders  Less happy with friends, family  Headaches/ physical ailments  Bottom line: people often pursue happiness through materialism “Money does not buy happiness” -way too general to be correct and implies privileged status -Relation between wealth and well-being  Income is related to happiness, but relationship disappears when poorest people not included For the generally well-off:  Those who get raises are not happier 2-3 mos. After the raise  Get unexpected $--> happiness increases for short pd. Of time Conclusion: money is linked to happiness insofar as it supports affording necessities and a little luxury and entertainment Why materialism fails to satisfy: 1. Adaptation level phenomenon: The tendency to adapt to a given level of stimulation thus to notice and react to changes from that level a. ALL problems are relative nd 2. Parkinsons 2 law: expenditures rise to meet income 3. Upward social comparison: always someone richer than you 4. Interferes with doing the things that make you happy What does make people happy?  Close, supportive relationships  Cultivate positive traits  Challenging work  Engaging in leisure activities  Good health  Being grateful and expressing gratitude  Spending money


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