POLS 2312 Chapter 9 notes
POLS 2312 Chapter 9 notes POLS 2312-001
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Steps of Public Policy 1. Identify a problem a. Some people may not agree that something is a problem (i.e, climate change) 2. Form a solution a. Always a cost factor i. Is this costly? b. Actors i. Lobbyists, lawmakers, etcetera c. Factors d. Unintended consequences i. Can be good or bad 3. Implement solution & evaluate a. Implementation is the responsibility of the bureaucrats b. Red tape, standard operating procedures Taxes ● Since taxes are a ‘dirty’ word, most agencies implement fees ○ This money is needed to fund to services State Agencies and Employers ● Sunset review process ○ An example of legislative oversight that occurs every 12 years that evaluates agencies to see if they need to merge with another agency, continue on its own, or disband. ● Agencies require: ○ Leadership ○ Resources ○ Elite access ● Iron triangle ○ Iron clad relationships that are benefiting: ■ Bureaucrats ■ Legislature ■ Business ○ TX has the worst nursing home environment because no one is checking on nursing homes as much as they should. ● Bureaucrats ○ Millions working here ○ Cost factor for salary, retirement, and benefit ○ Hired through patronage (spoils) system ■ Based on political allegiances ■ Goes back to Andrew Jackson ○ Hired through merit system ■ Based on merit and qualification ■ Came from the Pendleton Act Education ● P. 351 qt. Debbie Riddle “Where did this idea come from that everyone deserves free education… from Moscow… from the pit of Hell” ● Property taxes fund ISDs ○ 10% from Fed ○ 40% from State ○ 50% from local ○ Southlake houses are worth 1.25 mil ■ Southlake has really nice schools ● Robin Hood Plan ○ Taking money from wealthier districts and giving that money to poorer districts ○ Controversial in TX because it goes against our individualistic political culture ○ Important because funding supplies: ■ School supplies essential for learning such as textbooks ■ Teacher salaries ● No Child Left Behind ○ Test scores in America were falling behind [ID a Problem] ○ No Child Left Behind [Solution] ■ Schools with higher scores get to keep their funding ■ Schools with lower scores lose their funding ○ Makes education about testing instead of learning [Unintended consequences] ○ 60% of TX students are economically disadvantaged and are receiving free meals ● TX constitution ○ Mandates an efficient education. However, the term is very vague ● Challenges ○ Unique with diverse population of the state ● Groups ○ State board of education ■ Makes textbook recommendations ■ 15 member elected board ○ Texas Education Agency ■ Deals with accreditation ■ Appointed ● Charter schools ○ Less funding ○ Different requirements for teachers ● Private school ○ A more religious tone ● Homeschool ○ Different standardized testing requirements ● Higher Ed Issues ○ Funding ○ Affirmative Action ■ Top 10% rule ● Health & Human Services ● TX is a low tax, low service state ● Poverty Line ○ $22,000 for a family of 4; $19,000 for a family of 3 ○ 1820% of TX in poverty ○ $11,000 for 1 person ● Issues ○ Political culture ○ Political organization ○ ¼ of TX without health insurance ○ ⅙ of America without health insurance ● Programs ○ TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families ■ Meant to be a temporary helping hand to those in dire need of help ○ SNAP Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program ■ In TX, it’s given via the Lone Star Card ■ Controversy over how people spend their food stamps ■ Works more like a debit card ● $25 per day limit ● 200400 per month ■ ○ WIC Women, Infants, Children ■ Basic nutritional assistance ■ Allows for certain items to be bought ○ Medicare ■ Care for the elderly ■ Primarily through federal funds ■ Social insurance program ● Pay into program to get assistance at 65 ■ More expensive than medicaid ○ Medicaid ■ Care for the lowincome ■ Based off of the poverty line ■ More funds necessary due to large group in poverty ● Medicaid supposed to expand under Obamacare ■ Public assistance program ● You have to qualify and meet the means test ○ Mental Health ■ Funding is worst of all of the states ■ Added 259mil to mental health programs ● Brought about by Sandy Hook shooting ○ Veterans ■ ¼ veterans are homeless ■ 23 veterans commit suicide per day Substance abuse ■ TX is pouring more money into substance abuse rehab programs ● STDs ○ High stats from 1524 ● Economy ● Texans prefer deregulation ○ Deregulation often leads to higher costs and poorer services ■ Tuition ■ Utilities ● ■ Insurance ● Texas Railroad Commission ○ Agency capture ○ TRC is supposed to regulate oil & gas, but it is believed that they have been captured by oil & gas companies in order to make higher profits for those companies ● Growth response ○ Transportation ■ Allows for commutes/business ■ Highways ● Regulated by TXDot ○ Not funded enough ○ 20 billion provided when about 40+ is needed per year ■ ½ of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related ● Tourism ○ 3rd largest industry in the state ○ Bed tax ■ 6% tax ● Professions and trades ○ TX gets revenue from professional licensing ■ Also protects consumers Environment ● Federal agencies have threatened to shut down industries like GM because of the air pollution ● Hazardous waste disposal is a large economic industry for TX, but causes a large amount of pollution
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