New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

POLS 2312 Chapter 9 notes

by: M.G

POLS 2312 Chapter 9 notes POLS 2312-001

GPA 3.85

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the chapter 9 lecture notes
State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in State and Local Government

Popular in Department

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views.


Reviews for POLS 2312 Chapter 9 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/29/16
  Steps of Public Policy  1. Identify a problem  a. Some people may not agree that something is a problem (i.e, climate change)  2. Form a solution  a. Always a cost factor  i. Is this costly?  b. Actors  i. Lobbyists, lawmakers, etcetera  c. Factors  d. Unintended consequences  i. Can be good or bad  3. Implement solution & evaluate  a. Implementation is the responsibility of the bureaucrats  b. Red tape, standard operating procedures  Taxes  ● Since taxes are a ‘dirty’ word, most agencies implement fees  ○ This money is needed to fund to services  State Agencies and Employers  ● Sunset review process  ○ An example of legislative oversight that occurs every 12 years that evaluates  agencies to see if they need to merge with another agency, continue on its own, or  disband.   ● Agencies require:  ○ Leadership  ○ Resources  ○ Elite access  ● Iron triangle  ○ Iron clad relationships that are benefiting:  ■ Bureaucrats  ■ Legislature  ■ Business  ○ TX has the worst nursing home environment because no one is checking on  nursing homes as much as they should.  ● Bureaucrats  ○ Millions working here  ○ Cost factor for salary, retirement, and benefit  ○ Hired through patronage (spoils) system  ■ Based on political allegiances  ■ Goes back to Andrew Jackson  ○ Hired through merit system   ■ Based on merit and qualification  ■ Came from the Pendleton Act   Education  ● P. 351 qt. Debbie Riddle “Where did this idea come from that everyone deserves free  education… from Moscow… from the pit of Hell”  ● Property taxes fund ISDs  ○ 10% from Fed  ○ 40% from State  ○ 50% from local  ○ Southlake houses are worth 1.25 mil  ■ Southlake has really nice schools  ● Robin Hood Plan  ○ Taking money from wealthier districts and giving that money to poorer districts  ○ Controversial in TX because it goes against our individualistic political culture  ○ Important because funding supplies:  ■ School supplies essential for learning such as textbooks  ■ Teacher salaries  ● No Child Left Behind  ○ Test scores in America were falling behind [ID a Problem]  ○ No Child Left Behind [Solution]  ■ Schools with higher scores get to keep their funding  ■ Schools with lower scores lose their funding  ○ Makes education about testing instead of learning [Unintended consequences]  ○ 60% of TX students are economically disadvantaged and are receiving free meals  ● TX constitution   ○ Mandates an efficient education. However, the term is very vague  ● Challenges  ○ Unique with diverse population of the state  ● Groups  ○ State board of education  ■ Makes textbook recommendations  ■ 15 member elected board  ○ Texas Education Agency  ■ Deals with accreditation  ■ Appointed  ● Charter schools  ○ Less funding  ○ Different requirements for teachers  ● Private school  ○ A more religious tone  ● Homeschool  ○ Different standardized testing requirements  ● Higher Ed Issues  ○ Funding  ○ Affirmative Action  ■ Top 10% rule  ●     Health & Human Services  ● TX is a low tax, low service state  ● Poverty Line  ○ $22,000 for a family of 4; $19,000 for a family of 3  ○ 18­20% of TX in poverty  ○ $11,000 for 1 person  ● Issues  ○ Political culture  ○ Political organization  ○ ¼ of TX without health insurance  ○ ⅙  of America without health insurance  ● Programs  ○ TANF ­ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families  ■ Meant to be a temporary helping hand to those in dire need of help  ○ SNAP ­ Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program  ■ In TX, it’s given via the Lone Star Card  ■ Controversy over how people spend their food stamps  ■ Works more like a debit card  ● $25 per day limit  ● 200­400 per month  ■   ○ WIC ­ Women, Infants, Children  ■ Basic nutritional assistance  ■ Allows for certain items to be bought  ○ Medicare  ■ Care for the elderly  ■ Primarily through federal funds  ■ Social insurance program  ● Pay into program to get assistance at 65  ■ More expensive than medicaid  ○ Medicaid   ■ Care for the low­income  ■ Based off of the poverty line  ■ More funds necessary due to large group in poverty  ● Medicaid supposed to expand under Obamacare  ■ Public assistance program  ● You have to qualify and meet the means test  ○ Mental Health  ■ Funding is worst of all of the states  ■ Added 259mil to mental health programs  ● Brought about by Sandy Hook shooting  ○ Veterans  ■ ¼ veterans are homeless  ■ 23 veterans commit suicide per day  Substance abuse   ■ TX is pouring more money into substance abuse rehab programs  ● STDs  ○ High stats from 15­24  ●     Economy  ● Texans prefer deregulation  ○ Deregulation often leads to higher costs and poorer services  ■ Tuition  ■ Utilities  ●   ■ Insurance  ● Texas Railroad Commission  ○ Agency capture  ○ TRC is supposed to regulate oil & gas, but it is believed that they have been  captured by oil & gas companies in order to make higher profits for those  companies  ● Growth response  ○ Transportation  ■ Allows for commutes/business  ■ Highways  ● Regulated by TXDot  ○ Not funded enough  ○ 20 billion provided when about 40+ is needed per year  ■ ½ of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related  ● Tourism  ○ 3rd largest industry in the state  ○ Bed tax  ■ 6% tax  ● Professions and trades  ○ TX gets revenue from professional licensing  ■ Also protects consumers  Environment  ● Federal agencies have threatened to shut down industries like GM because of the air  pollution  ● Hazardous waste disposal is a large economic industry for TX, but causes a large amount  of pollution     


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.