Post-War Expressionism ARHI 2400
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessika Song on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2400 at University of Georgia taught by Beth Fadeley in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey, Part II in Art History at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
2QUV▯9CT▯'ZRTGUUKQPKUO▯▯ Post-War Expressionism World War II (1939-1945) — far worse than WWI, with over 60 million casualties Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-19080) - French philosopher; one of the key ﬁgures in the philosophy of existentialism. Existentialism: a philosophy originating in post-war France but having a broad international inﬂuence, involving the idea that human meaning is immanent; rejecting transcendental sources of meaning beyond nature and human existence. - Bleak world view, rejecting God, art, poetry, etc. as uplifting factors in life. Alberto Giacometti (1901-1966) - Swiss artist whose sculptures best express the spirit of existentialism. - Although Giacometti never claimed he pursued existentialist ideas in his art, his works capture the spirit of that philosophy. - Like Picasso, he was interested in primitivism and human history (African art, Asian art, etc.) and incorporated these inﬂuences into his art. - Returns to Switzerland during WWII and starts to create tiny ﬁgures. Piazza - Giacometti makes use of a pedestal to suggest space itself — public space (piazza) and empty space surrounding the ﬁgures, creating a sense of loneliness and isolation. - None of the ﬁgures are engaged with one another and appear alienated; one female ﬁgure who is simply standing in one spot while four male ﬁgures appear to be going in opposite directions. Walking Man I - In context of the post-war period, this ﬁgure reveals that a human does not need any materialistic objects or baggage, just needs to keep moving forward, placing one foot in front of the other. - Giacometti’s skeletal ﬁgures represent the basic frame of a human for no other reason than to express the post-war realization that materialism is temporary. But also brings heroism to his ﬁgures in recognizing that it’s important to move on. **Possible comparison on exam: Unique Forms of Continuity and Space vs. Walking Man I**
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