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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ally Bradfield on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1010 at Auburn University taught by Donna Bohanan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Utilitarianism Consequentialist moral theories: rightness depends on results and consequences vs. Deontological (non-consequentialist): rightness of actions depends on nature Utilitarianism (consequentialist): right actions are those with more balance of good than bad for all parties. We should do what’s better for the most amount of people. Act-utilitarianism: rightness by good made by individual action Rule-utilitarianism: rightness by conformity to beneficial rule that helps the most people Bentham: happiness is amount of pleasure (one-dimensional) Mill: different levels of pleasure (you get more out of certain things), agrees with utilitarianism and maximizing benefits for all involved Kantian Ethics Kantianism (deontological): rightness by rule following and duty. Actions correlate immediately with a universal moral rule so that you act accordingly to what people could act on regularly across the globe. (What would happen if everyone did this?) Categorical imperative: command without exception Value people themselves over how they can get you something. All people are considered equal because their worth is by their rationality and intrinsic nature. Must respect the wishes of people and keep patients informed so that we don’t use people as means to an end but as the end themselves. Hypothetical imperative: command for a goal THE categorical imperative: the universal rule of all rules 1. Act only on general rules that others would follow universally 2. Treat people as ends, not just means
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