Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Eleven
Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Eleven Philosophy 10200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Intro To Philosophy Notes Week Eleven The removal of sexist payscales within Plato’s three class system was a shock to men o As was the fact that either gender could belong to any class that they were fit for The fear of losing control was ever present in the Socrates character/Plato o This was countered by the Guardians having to exercise in the nude to train their senses of control and make sure that they would never falter and become corrupt The literary climax comes in the middle of the piece (books 6 & 7) 3 Famous Analogies 1.) The Sun (507a-509c) o The eye is the most “sun-like” of the senses, it can only see if the object is lighted by the sun o The form of the good is necessary for all other forms existence o The form of the good is there as clearly as you can see the sun o The form of the good isn’t identical to the other forms but it sustains them just like the sun does to plants 2.) The Line – The 4 stages on the road to knowledge/wisdom o You start at the bottom of the line and work your way up o Stage 1 (in the World of Appearances)- Encourage imagination, and interaction with tangible things o Stage 2 (in the World of Appearances)- Makes visible things, no longer within the imagination, for example having children build a fort out of sticks and leaves instead of just imagining one o Stage 3 (in the Intelligible World)- Mathematical Entities, can come to learn these properties but must be grasped intellectually, something where everything cannot be shown o Stage 4 (in the Intelligible World)- Learning the Forms The point of this analogy is illustrating how Philosophers/Guardians education ascends over time 3.) The Allegory of the Cave o Displays the complicated relationship between philosophers and the rest of society o The real sun and tree is the symbol of an enlightened philosopher while everyone else is stuck in a cave that they think has a real sun and tree, but it is not o This is Plato’s hatred of materialistic things coming into play o Escaped philosopher feels guilty and tries to convince the people they aren’t in the real world, but they just think he is crazy o He said his eyes have now adjusted to the light so he cannot see the shadows the same as before, he now stumbles in the darkness of the cave o High literature in the Ancient Greek- beautifully written o Fire= The Sun Puppet shadows= reality to the chained people
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