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Black Studies 4 Week 5 Notes - Battle


Black Studies 4 Week 5 Notes - Battle Black Studies 4

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Black Studies 4 notes from lecture and section from week 5 with Professor Battle
Critical Introduction to Race and Racism
Class Notes
Black Studies, BLST 4, BLST, UCSB, Battle
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Black Studies 4 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Battle in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Critical Introduction to Race and Racism in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of California Santa Barbara.

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Date Created: 04/29/16
Monday, April 25, 2016 Week 5 Lecture 9 - April 25, 2016 - The Ta-nehisi Coates and 1 Million Missing Men Articles They tie together • - Ta-nehisi Coates ventures into the world of reparations, makes an argument that this history of mass incarceration and legal/residential incarceration legitimate a demand/appeal of case for reparations not only for slavery but Jim Crow and Mass Incarceration - Addressing the history is problematic and open to debate • What does reparation look like? - Ex) If 25% European (according to ancestry), do you get a full take? And how does it occur… government or private sector? • Reparations - Two types of justice - Reparative justice and restorative justice • Reparative justice = actually fixing • Restorative justice: the money does not repair or really restore anything. Power doesn’t really care about moral debts, no apologies - If you want to know who’s doing the most work in reparation it’s the Caribbean; and their work against the British Crown • Sir Hilary Beckles makes a very strong argument: - It can’t be said that the African Americans hold state power, Caribbean is a test to see how far this can go - In terms of reparation, how does one move beyond the subjective total/ appearance? - Is it possible to repair a broken past? We don’t know what should be, never actually existed before - How this mechanism might come about? Well reasoned argument, the conditions of possibility/impossibility 1 Monday, April 25, 2016 - Note for midterm: familiarize with text, films, and authors! Section - April 26, 2016 - Midterm Review: • Race - Form of categorization based on aesthetics; used to develop assumptions • Racism - Biased behavior and policies backed by government agencies • Jim Crow Laws - Social and moral laws to keep “social order” (separate blacks and whites to “protect” whites) • Construct that is still evident today; the US represents 5% of the world’s total population, but 25% of the world’s prison population —> Underrepresentation of Blacks and Hispanics in colleges, overrepresentation in prisons • Xenophobia - Housing institutions - overt racism is evident Restrictions as to where blacks could live • - A Level neighborhoods and D Level neighborhoods • Black families making $100,000 a year living in neighborhoods where whites are making $30,000 a year - Legally “okay” for government institutions to do this to black people • Keep segregation strong - FHA Program (came as a result of The New Deal) • “Minority Assistance Programs” - Helped white women - Racial structure that disallows giving loans to people of color, and even if you are offered a loan it is held to extreme specifics that 2 Monday, April 25, 2016 aren’t normal in other contexts (housing covenants - you MUST live in this neighborhood… how are schools funded? Based on house tactics. Past the physical nature of housing, look at education and the rest it entails. The more houses are worth, the more taxes you are paying towards education/resources/access) - Generations of lost livelihood - ALWAYS an institutionalized process that continues the process of racism - The term “minority” - why the need for the label? Codes for the societal status of people • • Evolution & Race - Biological racism • Attached to the assumption of genetic differences to create a hierarchy - Django scene - eugenics used to discuss intelligence • Indentations in skull: demonstrate “submissiveness” - Using less than 1% difference in our DNA to validate biological differences - Ancestry • Companies that trace genetic ancestry are NOT definitive - Leaves some markers and explanations out… you can’t trace your lineage back to a culture/ethnic group, but it also offers medical predispositions/ advice • These medical predispositions are biased: sugar - Black/brown people are not more unhealthy, but grow up in environments (black and white male with diabetes - white male with diabetes is offered more options) - Sugar became a huge part of black diet when they were trapped on islands • Our diets are more related to our social/environmental histories than to our actual genetics 3 Monday, April 25, 2016 - Social and scientific • Culture & Race* - Christianity and hierarchy (social) • Used as the vessel to form the social hierarchy - If you don’t fit the mold, you are an animal. Helps promote the idea of racism in culture - Categorizations - Herskovits - good and bad - Native American • Being Native American is less about genes/backgrounds - Understanding of culture and race in relation to evolution/biology/biological racism • Biology & Race* - Social construct - Eugenics - NOT biological • Race & Identity • Mass Incarceration & Matrilocality - 1.5 million incarcerated - Mother-led household - Militarization of Police Forces • Ferguson in Missouri: tanks, leftover from the military (surplus goes to police force) • Monogenesis & Racial Difference - Single place for human origins - Argument that “all people come from Africa” • Largely the guiding thought 4 Monday, April 25, 2016 • As they spread out nomadically, we are coded to adapt, and different physical characteristics developed • Polygenesis & Racial Difference - Multiple origins of life - Argument that “many people come from many different places” • Justifies the construction of a social hierarchy through racism • Allows people to say “we’re not black, we’re caucasian” because of the social hierarchy • Ancestry Testing & Native American Belonging - Short clip from “Malcolm X” • Definitions of black and white in the dictionary - parallel real life definitions - Structures of superiority and inferiority • Demonstrates how deeply fabricated racism is in our culture and society Lecture 10 - April 27, 2016 - Midterm Exam 5


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