SOC 100 Week 14
SOC 100 Week 14 SOC 100
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
SOC 100 Week 14 Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity Forms of Discrimination o (A= majority) o Pluralism A+B+C= A+B+C “cultural mosaic” Let everyone celebrate individual culture/background o Assimilation A+B+C = A Comprised of a diverse population but force all to become/act like majority Ex: National language Can be positive unity Can also be negative not letting others express individuality o Melting pot A+B+C= D o Segregation A+B+C= A/B/C o Genocide/Deportation A+B+C= A (B and C gone) Clicker which American is most likely to receive a college degree o 61% chose Korean Americans Institutional discrimination o Unintended discrimination; it’s built into the normal operation of society o Majority may not even notice, but minority do o Examples: buildings with no elevators/ramps (physically disabled) Coach airplane seats (tall/large people) White privilege o Privileges that people have just because they happen to be born white rather than having earned them Clicker adoption of English language by Mexican immigrants is example of o Assimilation Microagressions o Usually unintended verbal, behavioral, or environmental indignities that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights and insults toward people o Hardest to be cognizant of because it requires viewing actions from someone else’s perspective Clicker having right handed arm chairs in classrooms is what type of discrimination o Institutional Clicker minorities will form a majority of US population in : o 2043 Poverty % o Children (of every ethnicity) are poorer than adult equivalents o From most poor to least poor African, Hispanic, Asian, white Social standing of Americans 2011 o Highest median income Chinese Americans Lowest is native Americans o Highest % in poverty – native Americans White, Chinese lowest o Highest % with a college education – Korean Americans A Gated Community o Majority segregating themselves from others Halocaust survivor o “when first they came for the criminals, I did not speak o Then they began to take the Jews o When they fetched the people who were members of trade unions, I did not speak o Then they took the bible students, rounded up the homosexuals o Then they gathered up the immigrants and gypsies. I did not speak o Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak” Elderly as a minority o Poll asking “sex for most older people is:” 15% positive comments 15% neutral comments 70% negative comments o 2050 Seniors growing faster than total population Seniors will outnumber schoolage children o Poverty rate is lowest of all age sections Has been dropping since the 60’s o Myths about elderly Elderly are always sick; most are in nursing homes Fact: over 80% of elderly are healthy enough to engage in their normal activities; only 6% are in nursing homes Elderly are dangerous drivers Fact: not true, tend to be more cautious Elderly are inefficient employees Fact: they are more reliable Elderly are not politically active Fact: they are very politically active o Age group least likely to vote: 1821 year olds How to treat elderly? o Functionalist: Disengagement theory idea that society enhances its orderly operation by disengaging people from positions of responsibility as they reach old age o Symbolic Interaction: Activity Theory idea that a higher level of activity enhances personal satisfaction in old age Supported more by the elderly o Conflict perspective Aging is problematic in contemprorary capitalist societies As people gorw odler, their power tends to diminish unless they are able to maintain wealth Clicker what was, is or will be the best time of your life? o 62% said 20’s to 40’s o National study: 1829 y/o said 20’s 2044 y/o said 30’s 4559 y/o said 20’s 60+ said retirement Clicker poverty rate for seniors is: o 53% said higher o 34% said lower Clicker what effect does industrialization in a capitalistic society have on the social standing of the elderly? o Social standing goes down Chapter 14 Education and Medicine Social institutions: everything it takes to meet the major needs of society What are some basic social needs? o Provide care for children; assure that the society has the appropriate number of people o Transmit cultural knowledge to the young o Share community values and solidarity o Take care of sick; prevent illness and injury o Produce and distribute goods and services; provide employment o Distribute power; maintain order o Aggress or defend against enemies of the state Organization does not equal institution o Education = institution o CSU= organization Other institutions o Religion o Political system o Family o Economic system o Science o Military o Etc… Misconceptions about health o idea that everyone should have guaranteed health insurance coverage is accepted by nearly all Americans False o HIV is mostly spread by homosexual contact false o Primary reason of death among Americans ages 1524 is unintentional injuries True – automobile accidents o Most other industrialized nations have a national health care system True Health and society o Culture patterns define health What is considered a disease in one society may not be considered a disease in other societies o Culture standards of health change over time o Society’s technology affects people’s health o Social inequality affects people’s health Health o Traditional= the absence of disease; not sick o Modern= a state of physical, mental, and social wellbeing Medicine is a social institution that: o Traditional= diagnoses and cures illness o Modern= diagnoses and cures illness AND promotes health (preventative medicine) And its cures are holistic Predicted top 10 killers in US 2020 (*= new to top 10) o Heart disease o Severe depression* o Traffic* accidents o Stroke o Chronic pulmonary disease* o Respiratory infection o Tuberculosis o War injuries* o Diarrheal infection* o HIV/AIDS* Clicker do you eat, drink, or use a cell phone while driving in a car o 84% said yes o Worst foods to eat while driving Coffee Hot soup Taco Chili Hamburgers BBQ We no longer die from communicable diseases, but rather from diseases of lifestyle o Poor diet o Little exercise o Pressure/stress o Smoking o Sexual practices o Drug use o Not wearing seat belts o Multitasking in the car Overall, our health has been improving, why? o There is a weak relationship between health and the medical profession o State of health is largely determined by how we live our everyday lives, our behaviors, etc… Traditional medical model o Wait until you get sick or injured, then go to the doctor or big hospital to be cured o Theme in many aspects of societies “wait till you’re in financial trouble, then go to the big bank” Holistic medicine embraces
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