April 20th, 25th, 27th Class Notes
April 20th, 25th, 27th Class Notes HIST289V
Popular in What Does it Mean to be an American?
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by HIST289V on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST289V at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Dr. Howard Smead in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see What Does it Mean to be an American? in History at University of Maryland - College Park.
Reviews for April 20th, 25th, 27th Class Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/29/16
4/20/16 Fundamentalism Denotes someone who is serious about their religion A fundamentalist is unwaveringly attached to a core set of beliefs Conservative, but also modern Sought to preserve traditional values in a new scientific landscape Rejected biology, physics, explanations for the origin of life, etc. Possessed a priority of mythos over logos Mythos: myth, mythology Logos: a pragmatic mode of thought Religion’s Reaction to modernism “Creation science” ideology arguably did more harm than good Portrayed the modernist movement as a void, causing life to render meaningless Charles Hodge “Religion has to fight for its life against a large class of scientific men” “What is Darwinism?” Darwin’s hypothesis was “bad science” Common sense says that “humans are the work of design” Archibald Hodge Took father’s position as chair of Theology at Princeton in 1878 Bible is “absolutely errorless and binding” Some Christians felt threatened by the new biblical theories If I can’t believe the Bible when it talks about the creation story, then how do I know I can believe in the resurrection of Jesus, etc. Some Christians believed that the authors of the Bible were under guidance of the Holy Spirit and were preserved from making factual or ideological errors Higher Criticism gained ground in the early 1900’s Billy Sunday Used vibrant preaching tactics to promote the Evangelical cause Painted the ultimate villain as evolution Butler Act Tennessee Legislature passed a law making it illegal for a public school to teach any theory that denies the story of Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible.” Sets up the Scopes Trial Clarence Darrow vs. William Jennings Bryan Darrow: defended modernist side Bryan: defended the side of religion Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson Prominent televangelists Possess great power in the Republican party 4/25/16 Poverty and Welfare State Poverty in America Poverty rate: 14.5% 1 in 6 Americans lives in poverty Without Social Security, the poverty rate would skyrocket to 25% 47 million people live on food stamps Top 1% holds 45% of the money The Welfare state Concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well- being of its citizens “Cradle to grave” protection Rejects laissez-faire economics “Every American deserves a Square Deal from his government” –Theodore Roosevelt Pushes for equality of opportunity The “Liberal” Welfare State A means-tested assistance Compared to the rest of the world it is a modest social welfare Benefits cater to a clientele of low-income Entitlement rights Benefits are kept at a modest level to minimize the entitlements that are given to citizens “Social democratic” Welfare State Promotes equality of the highest standards, not of minimal needs High de-commodification (entitlements), universal programs One universal insurance system All benefit, all are dependent, and all will have an incentive to pay their taxes, which are usually extremely high to gain so many benefits Basic Welfare in the United States Temporary relief Programs to assist the unemployed or underemployed poor Programs TANF – Temporary assistance for needy families Medicaid WIC – Women, Infants, and Childran Program SNAP – Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program AFDC – Aid to Families with Dependent Children, 1935-96 Section 8 housing 4/27/16 3 Stages of Welfare Progressive Movement (1890-1920) Reaction to industrial capitalism The New Deal (1933-1943) Reaction to the Great Depression The Great Society (1964-1968) Reaction to reform movements (poverty, discrimination, etc., amidst the highest standard of living ever Progressivism Featured three presidents: Teddy Roosevelt, Taft, Woodrow Wilson Produced the Pure Food and Drug Act (FDA), Meat Inspection Act, ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission), Department of Commerce and Labor, FTC (Federal Trade Commission), Labor/Child Labor Laws Also led to: Direct election of U.S. Senators Women’s Suffrage Federal Income Tax Conservation areas/national parks Results of the Progressive Movement Curtailment of laissez-faire capitalism Widespread social reform movements (Mostly private) Challenged Social Darwinism Rise of regulatory/bureaucratic government (positive state) Most problems solved or at least reduced in severity The Great Depression 9,000 Banks failed, industrial production fell 47%, GDP fell 30%, wholesale price index fell 33%, money supply shrank by 1/3, 15 million unemployed Lasted roughly 11 years New Deal Programs under Franklin D. Roosevelt FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Act) CWA (Civil Works Administration) CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) NIRA (National Industrial Recovery Act) AAA (Agriculture Adjustment Act) SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) WPA (Works Progress Administration) FRA (Federal Resettlement Administration) FHA (Federal Housing Authority) Essentially what all of these programs represent is an attempt to provide relief and jobs to the American people Also represented a sharp increase in the role of the federal government Assessing the New Deal Pros Stabilized banking system and an economy that was on brink of disaster Extended relief to millions of citizens through direct payments or public works programs Provided means for recovery, regulatory reforms Gave government aid to African Americans Cons New Deal did not end the Great Depression Government monetary and fiscal policies under Hoover then FDR made things worse than they would have been High tariff, high interest rates, bad foreign loans The spending, high taxes, wage and labor policies all delayed recovery Counter to American tradition and self-image The Great Society The War on Poverty Civil Rights Legislation during the 1960’s Huge program of sociathreform: 200 bills Included the 24 Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Idea of the Great Society was to improve the quality of living for everyone in the nation
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'