NTRI 2000 Week 15 Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Anderson on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NTRI 2000 at a university taught by Dr. Greene in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 04/29/16
Nutrition Week 15 Mediterranean Diet A. Many variants of the Mediterranean rating pattern exist in the nations that border the Mediterranean Sea B. Being active is very important C. Food and wine are linked D. It’s not just about one food that is thought to contribute to the health beneﬁts of the diet Nutrients in the Mediterranean Diet A. Olive Oil 1. Classiﬁed biased on breakdown of TG 2. Extra Virgin Olive Oil a. Free (<0.8%) acidity, measured as Oleic acid b. Produced entirely by mechanical means without the use of any solvents c. Under temperatures that will not degrade the oil (less than 86*F, 30*C) 3. Virgin Olive Oil a. Free acidity b. Not more than 2-3 grams per 100 grams 4. Reﬁned Olive Oil a. Flavorless b. Odorless Is it the types of oils or other factors? A. In extra virgin olive oil, it has tocopherols and phenolic compounds B. These are antioxidants Landmark Mediterranean Diet Studies A. The Seven Countries Study a. An observation study b. Prospective Cohort Study c. Cross-cultural study B. The PREIMED Study a. An experimental study b. Clinical Trial c. Parallel group, multi center, single-blind, randomized trial The Seven Countries Study A. Led by Ancel Keys (Minnesota physician) B. Keys asked in 1947 why Americans seemed to die a lot from heart disease C. A colleague suggested that people form Naples rarely died from heart disease D. 16 Cohorts from 7 countries were identiﬁed E. Contrasted in lifestyle, eating habits, risk factor levels F. Measurements 1. Lifestyle- smoking, physical activity 2. Medical history 3. Medical exam 4. blood pressure 5. Heart function 6. Anthropometry 7. Laboratory tests like serum lipids 8. Full analysis, including chemical analysis G. Results for cardiovascular disease 1. Risk factors such as serum lipids, blood pressure 2. More people were enrolled 3. All-cause mortality (healthy eating pattern = less mortality) 4. Metal Health (Cognitive decline, depression/optimism) 5. Healthy aging H. Issues/Limitations 1. Only men 2. Observational Blue Zones A. Areas with people who live the longest in the world 1. Okinawa, Japan 2. Ikaria, Greece 3. Gardinia, Italy 4. Nicoya, Costa Rica 5. Loma Linda, California B. What can be learned from people who live the longest 1. Move naturally (don’t workout) 2. Sense of purpose 3. Down shift (less stress) 4. 80% rule (stop eating when stomachs feel this full) 5. Plant slant (eating lots of beans- only eat meat 5 times per month) 6. Wine 7. Sense of belonging (faith based) 8. Loved ones ﬁrst (family connected) Chapter Topic # of lectures # of exam questions 1 What you eat 2 3 2 Healthy Diet 3 5 Guidelines 3 The human body 3 5 4 Carbs 5 8 5 Lipids 6 10 6 Proteins 4 7 8 Vitamins 3 5 9 Water and Minerals 3 5 8&9 Dietary Supplements 1 2 30 50 Pub Quiz 1. What is BMI? Is there another way to assess obesity? waist circumference 2. What four components contribute to energy expenditure? 3. True or False: if you reduce you caloric intake by 500 calories/day, you will lose 20 pound sin 20 weeks 4. What is indirect calorimetry? 5. What is the difference between the Thrifty Gene Hypothesis and the Environmental Factors Hypothesis? 6. What role does leptin resistance play in obesity? More fat = more leptin. Leptin makes you stop eating, but the signal does not work in obese. 7. Are there any concerns with a low fat diet? 8. Can bariatric surgery cure diabetes? What does bariatric surgery do to the body? 9. Approximately what percent of American daily to achieve physical activity recommendations? 10. What high energy compound only sustains energy for less than 1 minute? 11. Does anaerobic or aerobic glycolysis generate more energy? Aerobic because you can fully metabolize it. 12. Is there more energy in glucose or fat? 13. What type of exercise uses fat as the major fuel? 14. Why do athletes carb load? 15. True or false muscle glycogen only oorvides glucose for the liver 16. Is the mediterranean diet considered a low fat diet diet? A low carb diet? No//No. There is lower consumption of protein 17. The 7 countries study was undertaken to 3examine what clinical condition? On the exam: 44 questions on chapter 7 and 10 and med diet lectures 56 questions chapter 1-6, 8-9 essential nutrient characteristics of a healthy diet relationship between nutrition and health how is nutritional state measured leading cause of death: heart disease macronutrients whats being absorbed in pancreas that breaks down what is happening in major organs what is happening in the moth stomach and small intestine water soluble and fat soluble vitamins major minerals and trace minerals water- functions, compartments supplements- what are they?? how are they regulated drives to control eating- hunger, appetite, satiety methods to assess obesity- e.g. BMI hormones that control food intake for diabetes what is happening to the other major organs for atherosclerosis what is the relationship between lipoproteins and other components look at concept maps in chapters
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