New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology week 15 notes

by: Samantha Silseth

Psychology week 15 notes Psyc 2010

Marketplace > Auburn University > Psychlogy > Psyc 2010 > Psychology week 15 notes
Samantha Silseth
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the last week of class notes.
Intro to Psychology
Seth A Gitter
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Silseth on Friday April 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2010 at Auburn University taught by Seth A Gitter in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.


Reviews for Psychology week 15 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/29/16
Evaluating  Therapies   -­‐   Does  it  work?  Therapy  can  be  hard  to  assess  due  to  its  various  components:  client  &   clinical  perceptions,  clients  could  drop  out  if  it  is  ineffective,  regression  to  the  mean   (peoples’  emotions  fluctuate  naturally  and  only  see  a  doctor  when  they’re  getting  out  of   hand  so  naturally  over  time  they  will  get  better  and  stop  going  ex:  cyclical  depression),   patient  motivation  is  important  (so  is  motivational  interviewing),     -­‐   Empirical  support:  Controlled  research  with  randomized  clinical  studies  or  RCT  (take  ½   the  people  and  treat  them  with  basic  care  and  give  the  other  ½  better  treatment  and   compare  drop  out  rates),  meta-­‐analysis  computed  the  average  affect  size  and  shows   that  psychotherapy  works  better  than  talk  therapy/no  therapy.   -­‐   Is  1  therapy  better  than  the  rest?  (No):  CBT  and  similar  therapies  work  well,  but  there’s   no  guarantee.  Therapists  tend  to  take  the  eclectic  approach  and  use  the  most  effective   st treatment  1 ,  and  if  it  isn’t  making  the  patients  life  better  they’ll  try  other  treatments.   -­‐   Be  careful:  some  therapies  work  and  others  are  benign  (doesn’t  help  nor  hurt)  and   others  a  harmful.  Harmful  &  benign  therapy  is  iatrogenic  Ex)  lilienfeld  ’07  and  repressed   memory  theory,  scared  straight  program,  and  the  DARE  program.   Repressed  Memory  Theory  (RMT)   -­‐   The  idea  to  “get  the  memory  out”,  turns  out  to  be  very  harmful   -­‐   When  used  suicide  attempts  increase  by  500%,  hospitalization  increases  300%,  and  self-­‐ mutilation  increases  by  800%.   -­‐   Not  a  single  patient  was  better  off  after  3  years  of  intensive  therapy.  *if  you  ever  see  a   therapist  you  should  ask  what  type  of  therapy  you’re  receiving  and  why  it  is  validated*   Summary   -­‐   Several  types  of  therapy  are  helpful,  some  have  empirical  support,  there’s  no  “right”   therapy  it  is  trial  &  error,  therapies  are  more  effective  when  combined  like  drugs  &   psychotherapy.   -­‐   Drugs  are  used  short  term  in  most  cases  except  schizophrenia  because  it  is  too  severe   -­‐   Cognitive  behavioral  therapy  is  the  super  therapy     -­‐   Success  of  treatment  depends  on  many  factors  such  as  patient  motivation  and  good   treatments.   How  do  I  become  a  therapist?  Depends  on  your  interest.   -­‐   Treat  mental  health  issues  with  biomedical  treatments   o   MD  psychiatry  or  Psychiatric  nurse  practitioner   -­‐   Treat  with  psychotherapy   o   PhD/Psy.  D  in  clinical  psychology.  (Psy.  D  is  treatment  oriented  instead  of   research  oriented)  (deals  with  mild  disorders)   o   MSW/PhD  in  counseling  psych  (deals  with  slight  stress)   -­‐   Couples  counseling/  Parent  training   o   Marriage  &  family  therapist   o   Applied  behavior  analysis  (ABA)           Social  Psychology   -­‐   The  scientific  study  of  how  individuals  think/feel  about  or  interact  individually  or  in   groups.  “power  of  the  situation”,  Internal  factors:  social  cognition/attitudes/emotions,   Individual  &  interactions,  social  psychologists  study  individual  prejudice  whereas   sociologists  study  systematic  problems.   The  scientific  study  of  everyday  life   -­‐   Emotions  and  how  they  effect  decisions   -­‐   group  behavior:  confronting  and  obedience   -­‐   Relationships:  what  makes  you  desire  them   -­‐   What  makes  certain  people  harm  or  help  others   -­‐   What  is  normal  behavior   Social  Thinking     -­‐   Attribution:  a  hypothesis  about  the  cause  of  our  own  or  other’s  behavior.   -­‐   2  major  types-­‐  dispositional/internal  attribution:  behavior  is  due  to  internal  reasons;  it  is   because  of  the  individual/  unique  behavior.    –situational/external  attribution:  behavior  is  due  to  external  factors,  a  product  of  the   situation.   -­‐   Fundamental  Attribution  Error  (FAE):  attributing  behavior  to  personality  instead  of   situational  influences  because  it  is  simpler  to  think  this  way.  Used  when  observing   OTHERS.   -­‐   Self-­‐serving  Bias  (SSB):  take  credit  for  success,  blame  others  for  failure.  Used  when   considering  OUR  OWN  behavior.   Social  Influence   -­‐   Conformity:  a  change  in  behavior  or  beliefs  as  a  result  of  real  or  imagined  social   pressure  (acting  differently  than  you  would  alone).   -­‐   Normative  Social  Influence:  Behavior  shaped  by  a  desire  to  fulfill  others’  expectations  –   often  to  gain  approval  (to  be  liked),  results  in  compliance.   -­‐   Informational  Social  Influence:  evidence  about  reality  that  we  get  from  others,  results  in   acceptance/internalization.   Diffusion  of  responsibility   -­‐   When  more  people  are  present,  less  are  likely  to  help  someone  in  need.  Ex)  if   someone’s  is  drowning  and  you’re  the  only  one  there,  if  they  die  it  is  your  fault;   however,  if  they  are  drowning  and  200  people  are  there,  it  is  only  .005%  your  fault.   Attitudes   -­‐   Come  from  socialization  (parents,  friends,  etc.)  and  conditioning  (less  obvious,  simple   repetition,  and  mere  exposure  effect)   -­‐   The  more  were  exposed  to  something,  the  more  we  like  it  –  the  mere  exposure  effect.   -­‐   Attitudes  do  not  predict  actions.   -­‐   Explicit  attitude-­‐  what  you  express,  Implicit  attitude-­‐  how  you  feel  inside.   -­‐   You  want  to  have  consistent  behavior,  if  you  don’t  it  makes  you  uncomfortable  and  you   need  to  create  a  reason  why  this  varied  behavior  is  ok  in  order  to  adjust  your  attitude   (cognitive  dissonance  is  the  uncomfortable  feeling  when  you  don’t  have  consistent   behavior).     -­‐   Behavior’s  influence  on  attitude:  foot-­‐in-­‐the-­‐door  phenomenon  &  low-­‐ball  effect.    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.