Psych Week 13 Social Behaviors, Perception
Psych Week 13 Social Behaviors, Perception Psychology 100 (
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regan McGillick on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 100 ( at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Lori Bica in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 04/30/16
Section 4 Psychology 100 Chapter 13 Social Perceptions and Attitudes. -Social Psychology: the subfield of psych that deals most explicitly with how people view one another and influenced by one another -person perception: the process by which people perceive and understand one another and themselves -attitudes: the evaluation beliefs that people have about their social world and the entities within it. I. Forming Impressions of other people: Person Perception a. humans naturally interested in personalities, help us predict behaviors, accuracy suffer from biases II. Making Attributions from Observation: a claim about the cause of someone’s behavior, difficulty in judging someone’s personality on the basis of his or her action lies in assessing the degree to which the action truly represents something unique and lasting A. The Logic of Attributing behavior to the Person or Situation: a. Harold Kelly’s logical model: i. Does this person regularly behave this was in this situation? 1. Example: Do I ignore people who sit on city streets, asking for money? a. If YES: question 2 b. If NO: no personality/situational attribution ii. Do many other people regularly behave this way in this situation? 1. Example: Do others also ignore people on the streets who ask for money? iii. Does the person behave this way in many other situations? a. If YES: personality attribution-general b. If NO: personality attribution-specific situations B. Three Errors in Attribution: 1.Person Bias: people ignore situations as a cause to attribute other people. Heavily emphasize personality, occurs mainly during social pressure. i. Personality = overemphasized ii. Situation = ignored iii. Ex: A student is sleeping during class. The professor will initially think that the student is just lazy (personality bias) 2.Situational Bias: for oneself we tend to focus on the situation i. Personality = ignored ii. Situation = overemphasized iii. Ex. With the same student who fell asleep in class, the professor may initially think that the student is lazy (personality bias), but maybe that student was up all night studying; there fore didn’t get any sleep (situational bias) (is there ever a middle ground between putting some emphasis on both the situation and personality??) Yes this is the “Logic” a. Fundamental Attribution Error” Definition: People overestimate the importance of dispositional factors. People underestimate the role of situational factors b. Cross Culture Findings: more common in individualistic cultures. (western) Less common in explaining your own behaviors. c. Cultural Dependent: i. U.S. > high personal basis=more of an independent community ii. India < low personality basis – they focus more on the belief in someone’s destiny, that it is set in stone…. 3. Actor-Observer Discrepancy: underemphasize personality 1. Definition: own behavior -> underemphasize personality, overemphasize the situation 2. Example: “the bad driver” Justification always goes to the situation , but when we observe another person, we judge the personality. III. Insert Reading Guide 1 IV. Stereotypes: ideas about what members of different groups are like, may influence the way we interact with members of these groups. A. Explicit: aware, conscious, life events 1. Public-more begin and people will talk about it- talking/thinking about it. 2. Private- level of seriousness but won’t be talking about private stereotypes- not talking about it out loud because it is wrong B. Implicit: less conscious about making those stereotypes-more automatic C. Prejudice: An undeserved attitude towards a group of people D. Discrimination: acting on you Prejudices V. Insert Reading Guide 2. How does the Implicit Association Test work into all of this??/ -See RG #2, -Research design: -RG see #3 1. Nonverbal Behavior – eye contact, # of times blinked 2. Verbal Behavior – Subjects: conversation quality - Partners in the conversation 3. Test of Implicit Prejudice - Findings: those who scored higher on the implicit prejudicial test -verbal measured friendliness -nonverbal measured problems: didn’t show as much friendliness (but when parried with a black partner the signs (nonverbal or verbal) showed true friendliness