Anthropology and Global Issues
Anthropology and Global Issues ANTH 1102
Popular in Introduction to Anthropology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carina Sauter on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1102 at University of Georgia taught by Dr. Birch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Georgia.
Reviews for Anthropology and Global Issues
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 04/30/16
Anthropology and Global Issues • Globalization o Globalization as fact: the spread and connectedness of production, distribution, consumption, communication, and technologies § Primary meaning of globalization as used in the social sciences o Globalization as contested ideology and policy: efforts by international financial powers to create a global free market for goods and services § A political meaning that has generated considerable opposition § International Monetary Fund (IMF) § The World Bank § The World Industry § For a global free market o Anthropology’s role § Ex. consumption of energy and resources affect environments § Look at globalization as fact and political and connections between them § Anthropology’s holistic perspective o Globalization of Risk § The more connected we re, the more we share common threats that effect large amounts of people in different places § Climate Change from industrialization • Don’t see as much on media; slower • Specific local conditions – different but present all over the world • Perceptions are not always in proportion locally and globally o Drought affecting thousands in another nation compared to something smaller here • 7 billion people, including our machines, crops and animals have dramatically affected global climate § Rise of internet and media blurs distinction • Disease o Ebola compared to… § Total deaths in East Africa: 10,702 § Total deaths in US: 1 o … Measles § 667 cases in US in 2014 § 189 cases in US in 2015 o Yet the US is freaking out over Ebola § How can we be rationally selective when being bombarded by media • Anthropocene o New geologic epoch o 1945 AD – present o Anthropogenic changes: § Industrial era § Soil erosion § Forest clearance • Deforestation caused by population growth, agriculture intensification, and poor landscape management § Spread of agriculture § Crop and livestock domestication • à climate change • not just global warming • bigger wiggles of temperature • unpredictability of weather § Environmental migrants/climate refugees • Displaced by climate change: episodic and long term • Ex. Parts of artic where ice sheets are melting • Ex. Southwest Asia and India: unpredictability in monsoon season • Global Impacts on Local Autonomy o Damming areas ruins others § Flooded out thousands of people § Good for industry, bad for locals o Neocolonialism: refers to economic control by powerful countries of less powerful countries § The geopolitical practice of using cultural imperialism with indirect political. Military control to gain control of a country/area § Indirect economic policies o Cultural imperialism: the spread of advance of one culture at the expense of others, or its imposition on other cultures, which it modified, replaces, or destroys – usually because of differential economic or political influence § Ex. Colonial Africa • Children in French Empire learn French language, culture and history of a country that is not considered theirs § Individual and community agencies are always affected • People on the move o Migration: the movement by people from one place to another with the intention of settling in the new location o Diaspora: offspring of an area who have spread to many lands • Diversity: Making and Remaking Culture o Enlarged and erased cultural unique qualities o Travel more than ever o Media exposes idea • Thinking like an Anthropologist o Cultures are not static o Culture is dynamic o Cultures vary both internally and externally over space and time o Cultures are enacted in practice o Culture is fluid, flexible, and always in a state of becoming o Culture is never black and white – many shades of grey