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by: Ashley Bourgeois

SOCL 2001 WEEK 15 NOTES 2001

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Ashley Bourgeois

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Collective Action & Society The Family SOCL 2001 Week 15 Notes
Skylar Gremillion
Class Notes
sociology, family, Society
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bourgeois on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2001 at Louisiana State University taught by Skylar Gremillion in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see in Sociology at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 04/30/16
SOCL 2001 WEEK 15 NOTES COLLECTIVE ACTION & SOCIAL CHANGE Collective Action  A Collaborative effort that takes place in groups and diverges form the social norms of the situation o Ex. Flash mobs Convergence Theory  Collective action happens when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather in the same place o Ex. Lakers win in 2010  Four Loko  Caffeinated semi-alcoholic beverage that was widely distributed in this area / at this time ` ▯ ▯ ▯ Contagion Theory  Collective action arises because of people’s tendency to conform to the behavior of others ▯ ▯ ▯ Emergent Norm Theory  Emphasizes the influence of leaders in promoting particular norms a group follows o This does not explain…  Why particular people become leaders  Why particular norms become a thing and some don’t o Not every single one of these can completely explain collective action  Why do some people meeting peacefully turn into fights?  How to protests become riots? ▯ ▯ ▯ Identity & Individuality  Our uniqueness is determined by group affiliations  How do you think affiliation plays a part in collective action? o Why do upper middle class white kids riot when their favorite football coach [who deserved to be jailed] was fired? o What would happen if LSU football was cancelled the day before the season?  More riots than if classes were cancelled  It’s part of people’s identity as a football fan  These things have very deep meaning to people  Most people will be a part of several groups o Family o Friend group o School affiliation o Activist groups ▯ ▯ 3 TIME PERIODS LOOKING AT COLLECTIVE ACTION  (1) Premodernity o *The way people behave in collective situations is more affiliated with the groups they identify with in certain time periods  In different time periods, people discussed and argued about different things that were important to them o Low degree of literacy, low division of labor, underdeveloped technology o Concentric circles of affiliation  Me, Family, Village, Kingdom, Religion o Is it easier to meet people that agree with you now than in this particular time period?  Yes because of technology and different clubs on campus or on Facebook or clubs/organizations in general  (2) Modernity o Rationality, bureaucratization, objectivity o We start seeing overlapping group affiliations  People who are different are all interacting within the same environment  Makes it harder for collective action  Because if people are in the same groups as one another, then it is easier to get along with each other o Mass media  Leads to an overarching metanarrative  The media only put out a single version of a story in the 1950s-60s because there were only around 3 or 4 TV channels at this time  Today, if you ask your friends about the same event, you will receive all kinds of answers.  For collective action,  The likelihood of social movements  In this time, social movements could happen more likely b/c  (3) Postmodernity o Questioning notions of progress and history, replacing narrative with pastiche [mash-ups] o Multiple and/or conflicting identities, disjoined affiliations FAMILY NOTES FAMILY FORMS  Despite whatever metanarrative was in society, family is one of the most evolved and shifted part of society o No matter what year we’re in, there was some “model” of the family  Endogamy o Marriage/partnership within one’s social group  Exogamy o Marriage/partnership among different social groups  Monogamy o Having only one sex partner/spouse  Polygamy o Having more than one partner at a time o Polyandry  Multiple husbands  Island cultures, Mountain cultures  Lower birthrates o Polygyny  Multiple wives  Islamic cultures, Mormon cultures, African cultures  High birthrates  Ex. Sister Wives  22 kids  1 man, 1 legal wife, covenant with 3 other women  In the modern era, we see these people as freakish and weird.  However, wayyy back when, people did have very large families. ▯ ▯ ▯ PREINDUSTRIAL FAMILY  Household = miniature economy  Depends on kinship networks o Ties based on blood or marriage  Large-scale families lived in areas together and helped each other  Kin are the people you interact with the most  Image of the Amish raising a barn o When the culture needs to get togehter, everyone a part of that group comes together to build something  Culture was more diffuse ▯ ▯ ▯ INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION  Cities and economies move away from pastoral societies, and centralization happens o Factory workers become a thing o You develop really well-developed city structures  Technology begins to change people’s lives o Machines for work o Sewing machines for making clothes  Instead of working for a few days working with wheat, you’d have a machine that can do this fairly quickly  In terms of family, o Created a division between work and home  During that preindustrial era, that miniature economy, your days didn’t have to do with tasks you had to do at different places. All of your tasks had to do with things at your home  If you missed a day of work,  You don’t eat  Your children may need something  The roof won’t get fixed  Men  Public sphere  Work for wage  Women  Private sphere  Housework, childcare  Women doing housework is dawned in this industrial revolution time o Shift in families from producers to consumers  People are earning enough wage to actually purchase things for themselves  Relocation of people towards the city  Factories rise, people work for wages, so they have expendable income  People begin to purchase luxury items  You don’t have to depend on your family members (kinship networks) to do things you cannot do  People will now clean your chimney, your house, etc. for o Sphere of affiliation begin to overlap  Work places  As you move into new places, you are meeting lots of new places who are very different from you  Happens in these city organizations where people are living on top of each other  Happens when a city urbanizes ▯ ▯ ▯ CULT OF DOMESTICITY  Idea that true womanhood centers on domestic responsibility and childbearing o Social expectations for women to have children and they should all want to be mothers and should all enjoy having children  Natural for men to work and for women to provide a haven for the harsh world  Before this period in time, it was more oriented around big merchant driven cities that already existed.  By the early 1900s, this idea was really heavily cemented o It reached its peak in the period right after WWII ▯ ▯ ▯ FAMILIES AFTER WWII  Peak of middle-class nuclear family o Father, mother, biological children  Idealized, historically unusual o Thriving economy, governmental assistance  “Baby Boom” ▯ ▯ ▯ FAMILY AND WORK  Significant changes since 1970s: o Higher divorce rates o Lower marriage and fertility rates o More women in workforce ▯ ▯ ▯ SECOND SHIFT  Unpaid labor inside the home performed after paid labor o Cooking, laundry, childcare  Mostly women’s responsibility o Counting job and housework, men work 15 hours less per week ▯ ▯ ▯ LEISURE GAP  Men do less housework, watch more TV, sleep longer ▯ ▯ ▯ INDIVIDUALISM IN THE US  Focus on personal growth, happiness  Idealistic view of relationships EFFECTS OF DIVORCE ON CHILDREN  Lower future SES [Social Economic Status]  Lower self-esteem, relationship difficulties  Context matters o Timing o Level of hostility  Married = better child outcomes o On ONE condition  IF it is a HAPPY marriage ▯ ▯ *The family is a social institution that responds to society


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