Popular in World History Since 1500
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Colleen Murphy on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 - 11 at Radford University taught by Garth N. Montgomery in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at Radford University.
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Date Created: 04/30/16
Colleen Murphy History 102 4/26/16 Nazi Germany o ‘Volk’+’Lebensraum’ o The people (Aryans)+living space o In 1935 Hitler reinstates the draft, which goes against the Treaty of Versailles. Britain and France don’t do anything about it o Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) o Begins as a revolt by right-wing Spanish military officers in Spanish Morocco and spreads to mainland Spain. Was fought between the Republicans, who were loyal to the democratic, left-leaning Second Spanish Republic, and the Nationalists, a falangist group led by General Francisco Franco. The Nationalists won, and Franco then ruled Spain for the next 36 years o Re-Militarization of Rhineland (1936) o Hitler takes back Rhineland from France and Austria and once again it goes against the Treaty of Versailles and Britain and France don’t do anything about it. o ‘Auschluess’ with Austria (1938) o Germany and Austria come together o Sudetenland Munich Conference (September 1938) o A settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers. This property was previously owned by Britain o Nazi-Soviet Pact (August 1939) o AKA ‘The Hitler Stalin Pact’ o Russia, Britain and France met to form an alliance to defend Poland - but by August 1939, Russia had swapped sides and made a pact with Germany! Through the Nazi- Soviet Pact, Stalin and Hitler agreed not to go to war with each other and to split Poland between them. o Everybody realized that Hitler's next target was Poland, so Chamberlain promised to defend Poland. Stalin suggested an alliance of Russia, France and Britain against Germany. Hitler would not have been able to invade Poland if taking that action would have meant war with Russia o Hitler made the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Stalin - a promise not to go to war with each other and (secretly) a promise to invade Poland and split it between them. o World War II o Invasion of Poland (September 1939) o Defeat of France (June 1940) o Invasion of Russia (June 1941) o Holocaust (1941-1945) o Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7 , 1941) Midway (June 1942) 4 US aircraft carriers catch Japanese carriers with planes and destroys them Stalingrad (December 1942-January 1943) Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia, on the eastern boundary of Europe D-Day (June 6 , 1944) Battle of Normandy resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany’s control. Allies conducted a large- scale deception campaign designed to mislead the Germans about the intended invasion target. o Hiroshima + Nagasaki (August 1945) The US drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki o ‘Big Three’ Conferences (US, Britain, Soviet Union) Teheran (November 1943) British and US tell Stalin that there will be no negotiations with the Germans, plan for D-Day Yalta (February 1945) 4 zones. When Germany is defeated there will not be a country known as Germany. It gets broken up between France, Britain, and Russia War debt -> Russia. Russia takes over Germany’s war debt. Stalin promises free elections in eastern Europe Potsdam (July 1945) Stalin announces NO free elections in eastern Europe (atomic bomb)