Soc 354, Week 14 notes
Soc 354, Week 14 notes Soc 354
Popular in Families and Social Change
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Saturday April 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 04/30/16
Chapter 9 Families and Children Only 1/3 of unmarried parents are living together when their child is born. More kids are in stepfamilies Less people are having kids Parent: a person legally responsible for providing care for a child. Biological parent: a parent sharing DNA with their child Adoptive parent: a parent with a kid they didn’t produce biologically. There is no specific rules for the # or gender of parents for a kid. Fertility: ability to conceive a kid and carry them to term. Totally fertility rate: # of kids born to each ciswoman. The # is increasing of kids born to unmarried parents. Black, Native American, and Puerto Rican people are more likely to be single parents. Hispanic people have higher fertility rates. Women with less education have more children. Opportunity cost: giving up something for something else. Ex: giving up your dream career to have kids. Half of all pregnancies are unplanned, especially among people with less education. 50 years ago, most adoptions were closed and secretive. Adoption is less common and more open today. Less stigma with single parenting, access to birth control, legalization of abortion, and fertility treatments have all contribute to the decline of adoption. Many adopted kids are grateful to know their birth parents. Over 1/3 of adopted kid are adopted through the foster care system. ¼ are internationally adopted, and the rest are adopted otherwise. Less kids are able to support their elderly parents today. Most people who have abortions are not ready, willing, or able to raise kids. Most need to finish school, can’t afford to raise a kid, or have to care for other family members. Unmarried women, black women, and those with less education or low income are most likely to have abortions. Abortion rates are declining because more people are using contraception. Infertility: people unable to conceive or carry a child to term. Usually must try for a year before seeking fertility treatments. Husband used to be allowed to divorce their wife if they were infertile. 40% of kids live with cohabiting parents. Parenting: raising a child o This is a relatively new term, which exploded during the 1970s. o The jobs of parents include socialization, social bonds, and social networks. People are having fewer kids because they are more likely to survive. Raising kids is more expensive than it used to be. Kids live such a busy lifestyle today and less time to play. o This can increase anxiety and depression in adolescents. When parents have fewer kids, they invest more in them and more is expect of parents. Parenting books have become increasingly popular. Intensive motherhood: social pressure placed on mothers to invest time with their kids. o This shames mothers who have less time available due to divorce and/or employment. o Mothers spend more time with their kids than they did in the past. 3 important aspects of parenting are supportiveness, monitoring, and discipline. Male provider ideal: the patriarchal ideal of the father being head of the household in a breadwinner/homemaker model. o Dads are expected to make the career the top priority, while moms are expected to make parenting their main priority. Involved father ideal: the ideal of dads being involved in childcare.