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Pols 2312 Chapter 11 Notes week 13

by: Ivonne Orduna

Pols 2312 Chapter 11 Notes week 13 POLS 2312-001

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > POLS 2312-001 > Pols 2312 Chapter 11 Notes week 13
Ivonne Orduna

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These notes are going to be on our next exam.
State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ivonne Orduna on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.


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Date Created: 05/01/16
Pols Chapter 11 Outline -Fiscal policy -Revenue -Budget -Future Demands  Fiscal policy- taxing and spending  Revenue-  Texas does not have state income tax  We rely more on fees than taxes  Sales tax- deeply source of revenue  6.25% that goes to the state  Up to 2% local addition  Max sales tax we will pay is 8.25%  Selective sales tax is something you choose to participate in.  Example is gas that you pay  Alcohol/tobacco  Bed tax pay 8.25% plus 6% bed tax at hotel, motels….  Sin tax- immoral behaviors  Texas is supposed to have a budget balance meaning were not spending more money than what we’re bringing in. we don’t have one.  Main state fund we use is the main general revenue fund  General revenue fund- basically checking account.  Appropriations are made by legislative- in charge where money goes  Line item veto- power of governor, can let agency receive money even though they cant. Make the agency feel like they owe governor for that.  Low tax/ Low service state-  Welfare spending is 1 % of our appropriations. Limited to 1 percent of state budget.  We tax some business  Franchise tax- business pay this tax to limit their liability in case they get sued.  Payroll tax- business pay to cover unemployment issues.  Severance tax- is paid by oil and gas companies to remove  5-6% state revenue  Comptroller- important persona who in charge of our public accounts in the plural executive  Gambling- produces revenue as well - Bingo  2/3 of our revenue come from the federal government. Sometimes we don’t accept because we don’t want strings attached  Grant in aids – Federal money last checked over 70 billion  Goes to health human services  Snap program- lone star card to stop the abusing system.  Food desert areas- no grocery stores, people feed out of convenience stores.  Education  Economic growth like roads- transportation  Land Revenue  Texas has over 20 million acres of land to make some revenue on  Miscellaneous sources- Vehicle permits, licenses, cigarette purchases, license  State is in 43 billion in debt  Rainy day fund- like a checking account  Also called stabilization fund Required to have a minimum of 7 Billion in there We have 7 or 8 billion as of now.  ¼ people in the state don’t have health insurance.  Update budget amount for 2014-2015 is 205 billion dollars.  Over 27 million people  Car accidents fatality with alcohol driving Is 50%  Public Education- complications  Funding of the education system  10% comes from federal  40% come from state  50% come from local which is property taxes  “Leveler ------ solution is the Robin hood plan where wealthy cities give to poverty cities.  60% of people that are economically disadvantaged students  3 deregulated issues for higher education  Utilities  Insurance  Tuition  18-20% Texans fall into the poverty line. Family of 4 24,000 dollars, Family of 1 is 11,000 dollars  Medicaid- aid for the poor  Medicare- care for the poor  CHIPS- children’s health insurance program  ¼ people that are in poverty is a veteran  Transportation is very important in state  We do not get enough funding  Toll roads-  1,248 miles long- mexico/ us border  Water- bad drought


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