week april 26
week april 26 101- Communications
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by tanillemonica on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101- Communications at Boston University taught by Tammy vigil in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see The World of Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Boston University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Wkof april 26- interpersonal com Final everything from law & ethics – interpersonal communication Knapp’s model of relation development *Communication is always contextual* Levels/ measure of disclosure - Amount: how much? - Intimacy: how personal? Low: your name, your major High: personality disorders, etc. - Valence: positive or negative information? - Intent: did you mean to disclose? Nonverbals can disclose - Veracity: how truthful the disclosure is? Measures of disclosure detail : Ppl like to have their disclosure reciprocated - Pausation/Phonation ratio & speech on-set latency: P&P: the pause & the answer: the amount of time you pause and the amount of time you should speak. Longer time taken to pause = longer response Speech on-set latency : amount of time you pause The length of the pause: questions sincerity & truthfulness Ex: Aaron: I love you, Lily: (Long pause) I love you too… * Pause has to be measured: some situations should have more time while others should have less time lag.* * More complex questions validate longer pauses* *Changing context changes when information is disclosed* Interpersonal information disclosure: Johari Window Depending on the relationship the lines &/or boxes grow larger & smaller Ex: your best friend from birth may now more about you than you know about yourself & things you don’t know about yourself: than they don’t know about you Social Penetration Model - the levels of disclosure a person has and the KNAPPS - How any kind of interpersonal relationship grows and comes apart How relationships build and grow - Over and down never over and up - Explains how a relationship develop *These levels can be skipped over- success is found when more of the coming together stages are practiced* Ex: from intensifying to stagnating > avoiding> terminating NOT intensifying - Both have to want to repair the relationship- the solution is over and down to repair - How do you know where you are- whoever: is lower and is closer to the right is right is lower and closer to the left is right Disclosure relative to relational stage reach stage st (1) Initiation (1 required stage of relationship) - A very brief stage - Only includes the initial meeting The very first moments of interacting w/ a person *Ellen tinder pick-up lines* Ex: romantic: pick-up lines Ex: roommate: Hi - Low in amount & low in intimacy- most measures insignificant (2) Experimenting (Growth) - High amount, low intimacy, positive valance, high intent, veracity varies } information given fairly superficial disclosure - Touch is introduced Ex: experimental touch, on a date: hand of the small of her back while walking through the door Hand placement= type of disclosure (3) Intensifying (Growth) - Medium amount, increased intimacy, mixed valance, high intent, veracity varies - As we grow relationships we tend to share more honestly - The touch increases Ex: date: more frequency (4) Integrating (Growth) - Becoming one (we, us, pair= unit, 2 for 1,couple) - Medium amount, higher intimacy, mixed valence, mixed intent, higher veracity - Spending a lot of time together, know each other well - Their body is your body ex: falling asleep on them (5) Bonding - Ritual &/or presentation to the society that displays that they are together - Moderate amount, high intimacy, mixed valence, mixed intent, high veracity - Extremely personal, share the good & the bad, operates at high honesty - Decreased touch (6) Differentiation (decline) - There is an interpersonal pair that has reached the bonding stage, recognize that the pair is disrupting the individuality – seeking their independence in self but not terminating pair - Positive; moderate amount, high intimacy, mixed valence, mixed intent, high veracity Both are trying to pursue their individuality - Negative: moderate amount: moderate intimacy, mixed valence, high intent, medium veracity > > one decides they need their individuality, other doesn’t see the need - Touch decreased *On the negative side b/c unless both are on the same page, one will feel there is a falling apart and creates a falling apart (7) Circumscribing (decline) - Actively trying to cut the other person out your life less concerned about pair more concerned w/ individual - lower amount & intimacy, more negative, valence, higher intent, lower veracity - still some effort towards the relationship - less touch (8) Stagnating (decline) - Not doing anything to actively change the relationship, doing the minimum to maintain the relationship as it is.- no more or no less - Staying in the relationship w/ no movement, no effort, nothing new - Low amount & intimacy, more negative, low intent, low veracity *in the relationship the partner who has the more negative view of the relationship is correct* (9) Avoiding (decline) - Trying not to communicate w/ other - Low amount to the point where the rest doesn’t matter (10) Terminating (2 nd required stage of relationship) - Usually brief – the ending point - Sometimes not explicitly stated - all relationships terminate in a communicative sense - Disclosure is often low in amount, veracity, intimacy, ( although this measure is highly contextual) high in intent & varies on valence (usually negative but not always) Ex: Seinfeld: It’s not you, it’s me - Termination can happen at any point in the relational model *all communication ends w/ death Vast majority of relationships will not reach bonding Vigil may 3 T & R 9-12pm TAs by appointment Relational Caveats - Not all relationships should or will go through all stages - Terminating is a viable move from ANY stage Ending a relationship in not necessarily bad nor a failure - Aside from initiation & terminating there is no real time limit to any of the stages - Disagreements in sage determination+ lowest and rightmost is correct - Relationships can only be repaired if both member are willing to work at it - Sometimes relationships change and the cycle starts again w/ new roles Non- Verbals - in different cultures the non-verbal associated w/ the levels vary country- country - the wrong non-verbals can expedite the relationship - depends on the person will understand sex as different parts on the model if not willing to talk about it where their relationship stands in the model may be different per individual- and mess up the relationship
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