History 2020 Exam Key Terms
History 2020 Exam Key Terms HIST 2020
Popular in American History II
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
ENGL 251- 03
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 19 page Class Notes was uploaded by Markarious Searcy on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2020 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr.Paulauskas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see American History II in History at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Jim Crow . Jim Crow System of Oppression or Series of state and local laws, Informal Conduct. Racial Segregation. in 18771960 The Redeemers Good Government, Political Leaders Promising to Redeem the south by shutting down Infrastructure by the union after the Civil War. Poll Taxes In southern states 18891910 Fee Required To Pay in order to vote, Basically a system put in to keep African Americans from voting. ex. If they were to lose their receipt they would have to pay again they couldn't vote w/o the receipt. Literacy Tests 30 questions , 10 min. 1 wrong and you're not allowed to vote. Another system to keep African Americans from voting. Grand Father Clause If you had family before 1860 that could vote , you could vote. Before the 1860s African Americans couldn't vote. Another system to keep African Americans from voting. Wilmington Insurrection Black Majority City, Separate but Equal , Massive Event (Riot) In North Carolina ended in building, newspapers and etc. destroyed. Plessy v. Ferguson Racial Segregation in public facilities was legal. By 8 to 1 vote the decision was perfectly okay for states to require segregation. "Separate but Equal" Not Separate or equal during practice. Didn't keep African Americans in the south from voting. They had their own places but in their places they were all equal. Sam Hose Born in Georgia, He tried to go see his mother talk back to Cranford and almost got shot. He killed Cranford. Rumored he raped Cranford wife and kids. He was skinned and burned alive. Ida Wells Civil Rights leader, Leading Against Lynching , Born after Civil War, School Teacher, Suffragist, Newspaper Editor, wrote about attacking lynching. Birth Of A Nation Block Buster Film(1915), Revolutionary Camera Work, Plot: Civil War during and after , Reconstruction The Gilded Age. The Gilded Age The period in American history lasting from 1870s to 1890s (between the civil war and world war 1) marked by political corruption and extravagant spending. The Bessemer Process The mass production of steel, made in very large quantities. Robber Barons Self Millionaires , Not earning your own wealth|money. Social Darwinism Naturally that way | Naturally Better | reasons you're successful. If you make a lot of $, because you are smart, dedicated, and naturally better not because you're hard working. Vertical and Horizontal Integration Vertical | Buy all the companies to do the things you need. (Raw Materials) Horizontal | Buying all the other buildings Jacob Riis NYC reporter , Social Reformer, Danish Immigrant, Social Amateur Photographer . The Lochner Era A period in Supreme Court History. Considering Policies , Liberty works no power contract negotiations . Owners over the worker. YellowDog Contracts An Agreement w/ employer No Union or Terminated The Great Railroad Strike In 1877, Every Industry doesn't go to work all of the country, Protest wages|salaries cut, 1st General (Rail) Strike , Paralyzed Nations Commerce for 45 days, National Problem . 1st National labor walk out , everybody walks off their job. Knights of Labor Took everybody , 1st Labor Union was 100,000 went to 700,000 in one year, won a # of strikes for the 8 hr. day. Members of a 19th century labor organization was formed in 1869 for rights of working men. May Day May 1st, 1886 Strike Took everybody throughout the U.S. they fought for 8 hr work day| 8 hr. work|8 hr. rest|8 hr. whatever else. The Haymarket Affair Tuesday, 4,May 1886 . Rally in support of striking workers. Police and Workers died. Anarchists A person who believes or rebels against the established system or order due to the absence of authority. They thought it would be better w/o state. Just Local. The American City. Central Park A Forest , 80 acres, They made the poor move so it could be built. Simon Patten Economist before industrial revolution people couldn't relax, it wasn't a lot to go around. Shibe Park 1st baseball stadium, all steel or reinforced concrete Black Sox Scandal Purposely lost, sold out a game for cash. Coney Island (Luna Park & Dreamland) Beach Resort in Brooklyn New York, in 1903 best known attraction [Luna Park] Japanese Gardens, Chinese Theater, Drip to moon , burning building, earthquake, audience 90,000 people per day. Extremely popular. [Dreamland] 3,075 tower necessityNew parks3 ring circus, etc. tiny people, short life World War 1 Theodore Roosevelt Became the U.S President , was the vice president. Get shot but still told a speech for hours. Roosevelt Corollary U.S. had the right to exercise international police get involved if you don't like it. Panama Canal Independent Country Lease Fought War Against U.S. The Lusitania A ship that's loaded w/ guns , it was destroyed by Germany. 14 Points Goals to reshape the world like the U.S. Versailles Treaty of 1919 U.S. rejected in order for treaty it have to be approved. League of Nations Not Popular, They didn't join and the U.S rejected them Together to solve problems. Wilsonianism George W Bush Stay home make money and forget everybody else. Shapes how involved in world until today. Progressive Era Uprising of the 20,000 Women who walked off from their jobs They were demanding higher wages for work conditions to be better. Triangle Fire of 1911 Locked In at factory Some escaped the rest died by jumping or burning on the 10th floor Limited in work place 1920 Women couldn't vote. Isadora Duncan Inventor of modern dance 1st language Freedom of the body Marked Sergei Esenin Jane Addams Started Settlement houses provided services to immigrant, playgrounds, employment bureaus, home, 400 settlement houses recruit college women, wasn't married, became spearheads for reform active public affairs. Hull House Legal Help Domestic Violence Alice Paul Quaker Positivist Don't hurt human PhD Great Britain Suffrage Radical Form National Women's Party 19th Amendment Right To Vote The Square Deal Many progressive reforms aimed at increasing the power of the federal government . American Empire. Monroe Doctrine James Monroe created in 1828 1st Lateran American States break away Mexico Independence Acts of Aggression U.S. intention Foreign Goals and Policies Alfred Thayer Mahan U.S. Navel officer wrote influence of O Power upon history argue country to be great he think they need Merchant Marine Big Powerful Navy Admiral Overseas bases Little island in ocean Cult of the Flag To justify all manner of atrocities U.S govern. influenced (stupid) America Veiling sins cloak patriotism. USS Maine Named after State Marine 1st US Navy ship in 1895 Yellow Press Journalism short legitimate or none at all news researched eye catch headlines were selling more news. Teller Amendment On the 20th of April in 1898 amendment joint resolution of the U.S. Congress enacted because of President William McKinley's War Message. Charge of the Rough Riders US Army victors Kettle Hill July 3, 1898 After battle San Juan Hill Open Door Policy Keep China open policy was made trade countries equal Platt Amendment 7 conditions the 2nd of March in 1901 withdrawal U.S. Troops still in Cuba end the SpanishAmerican War. Foraker Act of 1900 U.S. President McKinley signed 1900, April, 2nd a civil law established civilian government Puerto Rico. Insular Cases 1901 U.S. Supreme Court Opinions Status of U.S. Territories Acquired SpanishAmerican War AntiImperialist League Established 1898, June, 15th battle American Annexation Philippines Insular area – Organization The Great Depression and The New Deal Herbert Hoover During Great Depression March 1929 31st President. Golden Anniversary of the Festival of Light Oct 21st, 1929 Celebration of 50 years of Thomas Edison 1st commercial light bulb. Black Tuesday New York Stock Exchange collapsed October 29, 1929. Paradox of Plenty Agricultural PricesThey had more than enough wheat the farmers wouldn't join together so they continued to plant more wheat and the price of wheat continued to decrease. Associationalism Theory people committed to social cooperation better your self being. HawleySmoot Tariff Representative Hawley Senator Smoot. signed Laws to raise U.S. Tariffs over 20,000 goods. Hoovervilles Shantytown was built in the 30s by the people that were struck by the Great Depression. Bonus Army Angry because of the economy 15,000 Veterans marched towards the White House. Franklin Delano Roosevelt 32nd President United States Promised the New Deal. New Deal Series in which domestic programs passed putting economy back on its feet. Agricultural Adjustment Act Law of the New Deal era helped reduced agricultural production pay farmers subsidies so they won't plant on part of their land. Works Progress Administration Group Hired Men Build Highway Roads Buildings. Wagner Act Labor Relations Act Important Labor legislation passed U.S. history. Social Security Government system provide monetary assistance people inadequate no income. The Roaring 20s 18th Amendment Banned the production & sell of intoxicating liquor . D.G. Yuengling & Son Illegal production still sold alcohol anyway. Moonshine Bathtub gin Made syringe to insert liquor in near beer and spiked beer. Al Capone Chicago head of outfit made money as mobster rober baron for alcohol . Speakeasies Coed Women and Men danced Secret Bar Answer a question to get in or not. Flappers White middle class upper class women openly used birth control Style : Charleston Female Liberation as lifestyle . Jazz Lot the few quincical art forms only in southern U.S. European & African Traditions. Louis Armstrong invented extended solo wife in Chicago New Orleans band Famous Jazz trumpeter New Orlenas Rough Childhood Mom support prostitution dad left battlefield Neighborhood Juvenile homes. Parents didn't want kids listening to his music one of the 1st cross over artist. The Great Migration North Flee South Protest 6 mil. blacks Harry Emerson Fosdick American pastor prominent liberal ministers Theory of Evaluation religion Billy Sunday Respond to issues, political issues, figure in American history baseball player was popular but wasn't great Christian style preaching appeal in 1920s City to City Christian Revival loudest to get rid of alcohol prohibition against evolution. Ku Klux Klan 1st 186070s white supremacist terrorist organization kill african american no access political rights federal government took action to destroy KKK southern only in the south. 1915 Birth of a Nation KKK 2nd North and west National Organization 3 Mil. members still hate blacks, immigrants, catholics, jews, anything jazz age, unions, and feminist Controlled republican party indians in 1920 fell apart. Scopes Trial 1925 in Tennessee (John Scopes) teacher broke law evolution in school spectacle trial. Lawyer Clarence Bryan didn't have a clue about science trying to put scopes in jail. They let scopes go! World War II Hiroshima Fan Shaped City Lying mostly on six islands formed by the seven esturial rivers branch out from Ota River Toshiko Sasaki A clerk in the personnel department of the East Asia factory Tin Works, Dr Masakazu Fujii Physician Has a private hospital The hospital gets knocks in the river Bomb Survivor Hatsuyo Nakamura A Tailor's Widow She had a baby and 2 older children she was the only survivor out of her and her children but she also lost her hair. Wilhelm Kleinsorge A German Priest of the society of Jesus German Magazine Survivor Dr.Terufumi Sasaki A young member of the surgical staff of the city's large Red Cross Hospital Survivor The man that lost day's of sleep to help people after the bombing. Reverend Kiyoshi Tanimoto Pastor of Hiroshima Methodist Church Japanese Christian Educated American Small Man Quick to talk. Nagasaki City 2nd bombing within valleys divided in 2 by mountains w/o a large coherent center. Fat Man Name of bomb that hit Nagasaki Stripped of most of its armor & weaponry to accommodate 5ton atomic pay load detonated at 2 min. after noon 1600 & 40 ft. above the ground. Kokura City Population of 178,000 about half that of Hiroshima & was home to what U.S. Military Planners one of the largest arsenals in Japan One of the 4 targets chosen Harry Truman President issued his 1st affirmative command regarding the bomb : no more strikes w/o his express authorization He was surprised w/ the 2nd bombing. Good Neighbor Policy Foreign Policy established by Franklin Roosevelt aimed at improving relations Rape of Nanking Took place at outset of the Japanese invasion of Chinese territory 1937 involved rape of 7,000 women and murder of 100s of 1000s of unarmed soldiers and civilians , 1 of the 1st expressions of Japanese racial superiority and war passion. Munich Agreement Signed in 1938 Britain France Allowed Nazi Germany occupy pt. of Czechoslovakia, called Sudetenland. Act of Appeasement failed. German expanded further in turn triggered WWII. LendLease Act Approve Congress March 1941 The Act Allowed America to sell, lend Pearl Harbor American base of Hawaii , bombed Japanese places Dec0241 bombing forced U.S. to enter the war. Battle of Stalingrad Battle of World War II , German forces were defeated in attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter Turning Point of War in EASTERN EUROPE! Operation Overload Code Name for Allied Invasion of Europe at Normandy June 6,1944 DDay Battle of Midway U.S. naval victory over Jap. fleet June 1942 Jap. lost 4 of their best air craft carriers Turning point in war of PACIFIC. "Island hopping" Military strategy used during World War II involved selectively attacking specific enemyheld islands & bypassing others in order to get within bombing range of Japan. Rabaul A Major Japanese base on the eastern tip of New Britain so strongly fortified that the Americans by passed it entirely isolating it and attacking ships at anchor to make it useless. Manhattan Project Secret Research & Development Project of the U.S. to develop the atomic bomb Success granted the U.S. the bombs that ended the war w/ Japan as well as ushering the country into atomic era. Executive Order 9066 Order given Pres. Frank Roose. internment of all Americans of Jap. descent encampments during World War II. Korematsu v. United States 1944 Supreme Court decision that upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments during World War II. Origins of A Cold War The American Century In the middle of the 20th century Political Economic Culture flow largely dominated by the U.S. Superpower Powerful American, Soviet Union, Military, Your economic Influential Nation Russia Joseph Stalin He had a thing for death No Man No Problem Portico of Russian Embassy during Tehran Conference Discuss European Theater in 1943 FDR Churchill Head of Communist Party George R Kennan & "Containment" Long Telegram 1946 U.S. Diplomat in Moscow & sent a detailed view of Soviet Motives accepted in U.S. Soviet Govern. determined to expand The USSR wants to smash western democracy Containment : Clear Main element of any U.S. policy toward Soviet Union Americans foreign policy must be long term Patient firm & Vigilant Containment of Russian expansive tendencies. Truman Doctrine March 1947 Greece Turkey American Foreign Policy Interest Global The U.S. will be there for everybody regardless. Marshall Plan American idea and thought to aid Western Europe U.S. gave 13 bill. in effort of rebuilding the West. Hemi. Berlin Airlift Military operation Late 1940s Food and Needed Goods West Berlin dropped by air Government of East Germany "Who lost China?" 1949 Communist Armies Led by Mao Zedong Defeated nationalist regime of Chiang Kaishe Communists took control Chinese mainland Est. People's Republic of China 38th Parallel North formed border between Korea North & South Prior Korean War. Ivy Mike Codename The first test Fullscale Thermonuclear device Tsar Bomba Hydrogen bomb Most powerful nuclear weapon ever created. The Civil Rights Movement Four Freedoms Freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. The Four Freedoms were goals articulated by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 6, 1941 Jackie Robinson The first African American player in the major league of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans. Thurgood Marshall The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his activity in the Little Rock 9 and his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education Brown v. Board of Education Plessy v. Fergusson Stop Segregated Schools court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place The Little Rock Nine In September 1957 the school board in Little rock, Arkansas, won a court order to admit nine African American students to Central High a school with 2,000 white students. The governor ordered troops from Arkansas National Guard to prevent them from entering the school. Emmett Till 14yearold who was lynched and murdered in 1955 for whistling at a white woman by her husband and his friends. They kidnapped him and brutally killed him. his death led to the American Civil Rights movement. Montgomery Bus Boycott December 1st, 1955 Rosa Parks was arrested because she wouldn't give up her seat. It lasted for 381 days they didn't ride the bus they either walked or caught a taxi. Martin Luther King, Jr. Christianity Political Ideas Peaceful Components U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964) Woolworth's sitin Greensboro NC Protests where 4 students from the NC Agricultural and Technical College sat down at whites only lunch counter. Once they were there, they refused to move. Each day, they came back with many more protesters. Sometimes, there were over 100. These sitins led to the formation of the SNCC. Led to sitins across the country. Freedom Riders Black and white civil rights activists who traveled together on interstate buses through the South in 1961 forced integration of bus lines Initiated by core and carried on by SNCC; used segregated facilities together at the busstops; beaten for their actions Birmingham Campaign Get off your ___ and do something ! Nonviolent protests for Civil Rights in Birmingham, AL during the late '50s and throughout the 60s. Inspired by MLK. During one march, Birmingham Sheriff Bull Connor turned fire hoses on the peaceful protesters, shocking the public with a cruel act that gathered the media attention. Eugene "Bull" Connor Police Commissioner who personally supervised a brutal effort to break up the peaceful marches he beats on adults and children, then he uses hoses and attack dogs March on Washington Jobs and freedom; took place in August 1963 Martin L. King gave the famous "I have a dream" speech. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Legislation enacted by Congress during the Johnson administration, banning segregation in public facilities as well as racial discrimination in employment and education. March on Washington was a huge factor Freedom Summer Took place in 1964 worked toward the freedom to vote for African Americans 3 civil rights activists were killed during the first few months of the project Bloody Sunday (John Lewis) Backlash on the marchers that were marching for the death of Jimmy Lee Jackson; spiked much controversy because of the media Speaker for SNCC; had to tone down his antiKennedy rhetoric Voting Rights Act of 1965 Voter Registration Drive in Philadelphia, Mississippi Campaign of Violence. 2 white 1 black 18 on trial for killing 3, 16 yr. olds. Campaign in Selma Montgomery 15,000 blacks but only 355 were able to vote The rest were tasered and hit with a stick used for a cow. Watts Uprising 1965, The first large race riot since the end of World War II. In 1965, in the Watts section of Los Angeles, a riot broke out. This was the result of a white police officer striking a black bystander during a protest. Chicago Freedom Movement 1966 Targeted the difference between the conditions of White and Black housing in Chicago. During march through Gage Park King was attacked one of many violent responses. Mayor Daley made promises which ended the movement not many fulfilled. Malcolm X Islamic Civil Rights Activists; member of NOI; assassinated by NOI; rough childhood; for segregation.
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