World History, Week 12 notes
World History, Week 12 notes Hist 102-004
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Loretta Hellmann on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 102-004 at Western Kentucky University taught by Marko Dumancic in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see WORLD HISTORY II in History at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Week 12 notes Monday, April 25, 2016 10:27 AM Chinese Revolution (1949) First significant communists revolution since the Russian Revolution in 1917 Initially Chinese communist party wasn't very strong Starts in 1921, party is very small Japan was conquering China. US, UK, Russia, Germany and France were pressuring China as well Destabilize China's politics and economy 1930's CCP becomes main opponent to Japanese invaders Became the party of national liberation party Became the party that fought off Japan Even though they're communists, they defended the country against Japan CCP's main policies Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) Industrialization and collectivization, very similar to the 5 Year Plan. Collectivization caused famine and 20 million? died Cultural Revolution (1966-1969) Gender equality Women were appearing more masculine To be equal they need to be more masculine In the workforce, no makeup, no dresses, binding their breasts They were fighting anything that had to do with capitalism, consumerism, and materialism Abolish traditional Chinese culture Great Leap Forward- why? Mao's unreasonable quota system Peasants falsifying production quotas Propaganda provides false information Party system repression of dissent Any idea that was against Mao, was bad and could not be talked about. The Cold War: 1947-1991 The United State VS Russia All capitalist countries against all communist countries Cold war begins almost immediately after WWII Origins of the Cold War After WWII, the UUR feels encircles by the US and its allies The US and its allies do not trust Stalin's global intentions Fearful if Germany became unified and strong a gain, they'd attack again East vs West A global divide and a cold war Cold war military conflicts Europe divided by the Iron curtain between 1945-47 between western (capitalist) Europe and east communist While in Europe the superpower conflict remained "cold", it heated up in Asia, African, and Latin America through "proxy wars." "hot wars" in Asia: Korea (1950-53) and Vietnam (1955-75) Cuban Missile Crisis (1959) Marxism vs Islam in Afghanistan (1979)- Islamic fighters supported by US to fight the Red Army The superpowers and their allies The number of allies equated winning Allies were costly and a liability Having allies however, meant financially supporting them Keeping allies also meant supporting corrupt regimes Keeping allies also meant sending US or Soviet troops to fight foreign wars for their allies Communists took control of Afghanistan which gives them more access to oil Friday Causes of Decolonization (1947-1994) Economic Dependence of Global South on Global North continues Boarders and pol institutions are European No military strength UN and idea of national independence Bankrupt Europe is no longer seen as the civilized center Colonies expect payback for WWII service WWII overall becomes the reason for beginning of decolonization Partition of India India- Hindu Pakistan- Muslim Mughal Empire- Muslim rulers, with a Hindu majority South Africa British Dutch minority ruling over African majority System of Apartheid
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