Global Geography Notes Week 15
Global Geography Notes Week 15 GEOG 1010 - 003
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GEOG 1010 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Bixler on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 05/01/16
Global Geography notes Week 15 April 26, 2016 Kurdish people- in Turkey the Kurds are considered a terrorist group. The Kurds have been mistreated- have tried to fight for an independent country. They are one of the main groups fighting the Islamic State- this makes them an important ally for the US- but they are also fighting against the Syrian Government Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic- population is a range not a definite number- they are nomadic so they are difficult to count. The Sahrawi is considered by some to be called the Western Sahara. Morocco still has claims and control over the capital- Mauritania . They have an area that they live and should control but Morocco won’t give up claims. They are apart of the African Union- this legitimizes it being an independent country- Morocco is the only African country not a part of this group because they don’t want to recognize Sahrawi. Sudan- 3 lines of division- 1-historical (people of the south are farmers- settled people- People in the north are nomadic) 2- ethnic- (People of the north are Arab- people of the south are African) 3- religion- (north- Muslim, South- Christian or traditional African religion) South Sudan- smaller than Texas- Became independent- this country may collapse because of ethnic divisions- Clan loyalties became an issue after independence (Dinka vs. Nuer). President Salva Kiir- is a Dinka. The country is only 5 years old. China was involved in the separation of South Sudan- they wanted access to South Sudan’s Oil. North Sudan- Darfur- labeled a genocide. The people of Darfur are black Arab- but they are farmers. They wanted autonomy- the government responded by hiring mercenaries to come in and kill these people. Janjawid- is one of these groups. Palestine- treated the same way in the Arab world as Jewish people were treated in Europe. Palestinians do not have complete independence. A soccer match being played in Palestine- they got to host a global event. Relations to Israel- Israel is the only Jewish country in the world. Jews wanted to return to their home land- problem- the Ottoman Empire controlled this area for a long time- after the Ottoman Empire fell- the British took control of this area. The UN decided they world divide the area into three territories. But who do you give Jerusalem to? Palestinians or Jews?- They decided the answer is neither- make it it’s own place and anyone can go there. BUT this didn’t happen- Israel said the plan was taking too long so they just decided to declare independence- the very next day all surrounding countries declared war on Israel. Israel won this war despite being a small country against a bunch of other countries- why? The US backed them- Also WWII had just been going on- the Jews therefore had a lot of fresh war experience- this helped defeat the less experienced Arab countries. The war only lasted a month. They took control of Jerusalem. This made them a target even today. Israel took full control over many areas that were controlled by Arabs and even Egyptian areas- Cyanide Peninsula. Controlling the west bank- this is important for Israel because it is an elevated area- this gives them a military advantage. This is all about protecting themselves Egypt- largest country in the middle east- They normalized relations with Israel- first Arab country to have diplomatic relations with Israel- Camp David Accords (1978)- Israel agreed to give the Cyanide Peninsula back to Egypt. Assassination of Anwar Sadat (1981)- led to Hosini Mubarak becoming president- Dictator- having relations with Israel kept him in power- we gave him money because of this. But all those years of Authoritarian rule caught up with him- Arab Spring. Arab Spring- series of demonstrations, protests, and war that changed the entire Middle East. There was hope this would bring democracy. It began in Tunisia. (remember El Nino caused crops to die in Australia which caused a rise in food prices? This caused protests in areas that have never allowed protests.)- Social Media made these protests spread from Mauritania to Iran. Libya- Muammar Gaddafi- didn’t like Egypt- therefore he didn’t get US support. Also on of the only countries to state sponsor terrorism. The world shunned Libya and but many embargos. Finally Gaddafi decided this was killing his country- took responsibilities for backing terrorism. When Arab Spring came to Libya he refused to step down- he was assassinated. Negative things to come out of his death- radical Islamists rose in Libya- This lead to Benghazi- it is argued if Gaddafi was still in power this wouldn’t have happened Syria- Bashar al- Assad- fights against his own people, the Kurds and ISIS. Refugee crisis- people are fleeing a country torn by war. Unfortunately terrorists have used the refugee movement to get into Europe and bomb them. Iraq- long been an area of difficulty. It has been split into 3 regions. Culturally- North- Sunni Muslims- Kurds, Central- Sunni Muslims-Arab, South –Shia Arabs. April 28, 2016 Syria- civil war since 2011. Assad has not let people go against him. The opposition is not one united party- it is multiple rebel groups. The Kurdish forces in Northern Syria are closely related to the Kurds in Iraq Iraq- Saddam Hussein- came to power with the idea Syria and Iraq coming together. Soon after they went to war with Iran. This was during the time that Iran became an Islamic state (took Americans hostage). Because Iraq was an enemy of our enemy we supported them. Iraq saw this war as Arabs vs. Persians. Hussein was a Sunni- became paranoid that the Shia would rise up if the revolution spilled into Iraq. After the war Iraq had a lot of war debt. Kuwait did not forgive the war debt. This was a slap in the face for Iraq because Kuwait was considered part of Iraq. Kuwait also had oil and was very wealthy. Kuwait drilled on their side of the oil field but allegedly dilled into Iraq and stole Iraq’s oil. In August Iraq invaded Kuwait and annexed it. 3 other things he could have done- could have invaded and then left 2-could have invaded Kuwait and gone all the war to Saudi Arabia 3-invaded Kuwait and annex it- this was what he did and this was dumb because the world would have no choice but to respond to them annexing a sovereign country. This is when the US stepped in- took us 28 days to get them out of Kuwait. Saudi Arabia was the actual country on the ground that freed Kuwait because it would have looked like colonialism if we had done it. (This was the Persian gulf war) After we took out Saddam years later the country became unstable. Iraq went into a civil war- Yemen- poor country and has not benefited from its position on the coast. Use to be two countries (North-republic and Shia and South Yemen- communist- Sunni) United the country Ali Adullah Saleh was an authoritarian leader who favored North Yemen. During Arab spring a leader (Haddi) from South Yemon took control- civil war started. The Houthi are against Haddi- made up north Yemen. Pro- Haddi people are from the South. There is also another group- Ansar al- Sharia (Al-Qaida) terrorist group. Recently a forth group popped up ISIL- another terrorist group- they mainly want to kill Houthi and they are fighting Ansar al Sharia. ISIS (ISIL)- Also called Daesh by the people actually in this area (close to a word that means “to crush under your feet”). They have all the qualifications of a country- no one wants to legitimize them- What they want- They want global caliphate- they want authority over every Muslim in the world. The are an apocalyptic group- want to bring the end of the world They are killing Muslims more than anyone else- many Muslims see ISIL very negatively. Fight against Daesh- Dwekh Mawsha- Christian group trying to protect Christians. Abu Salim Martyr Brigade and Ansar al-Sharia- terrorist groups that are also fighting against ISIl. Basically ISIL has pissed off everyone. War on Terror- terror is an idea and a military strategy. Also considered a perspective thing. September 11- changed the world as we know it today. Since this day we have been trying to fight terrorists. 15 of the terrorists were from Saudi Arabia-shows how complex this fight is Europe- Europe is a Peninsula of Asia- that fact they are considered a continent is made up. Arbitrary lines separate them from Asia and the middle East Caucasus Mountain- tallest mountain in Europe Volga- longest river in Europe (it is in Russia) English Language- has many influences- Celtic areas influence it. The Latin was brought in by the Romans. The root of English is found in the Germanic tribes and the Angles. Latin was the langue of the elite. English was the language of the common people- considered very vulgar.
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