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SOC 271 Week 5 notes

by: Taylor McAvoy

SOC 271 Week 5 notes Soc 271A

Taylor McAvoy
GPA 3.5

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These notes cover lectures 13, 14, and 15 of week five. Lecture 15 being notes on the documentary and a few answers to the questions our professor posted for us to think about during the documentar...
Social deviance and social control
April Fernandes
Class Notes
sociology, deviance, sexuality, Identity, Gender
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor McAvoy on Sunday May 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 271A at University of Washington taught by April Fernandes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social deviance and social control in Sociology at University of Washington.


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Date Created: 05/01/16
Week 5 Lecture 13 Monday, April 25, 2016 Sexual orientation Ancient Greece  But lacked homosexual self-identity  Difference between behavior and orientation  Used it as a teaching tool on how to be a man  Mostly talked about in men and not women because lesbian relationships were more secret Europe (18th Century) Emergence of Scholarship  Ulrichs (1864-1879) : First researcher to say that there was a biological basis for homosexuality- it cannot be changed so there should be equal rights  A biological basis allows for a connection between homosexuality and pathology or disease  Freud (early 1900s): Arrested psychosexual development- homosexuality is an underdeveloped psychosis- parents Painter (1935-1943): Pathology or disease that should be subject to treatment   Kinsey (1943-1973) Role of Kinsey Kinsey reports  Sexual behavior in the human male (1948)  Sexual behavior in the human female (1953)  Homosexual experience: 37% men 13% women Sexuality as fluid and shifting over time- broke the idea of binary- we all exist on a spectrum Role of scientific research Change over time and space and experience - the context of the relationship really matters The Kinsey institute for research in sex, gender and reproduction The Kinsey scale (1948) 0-6 exclusively heterosexual to exclusively homosexual Williams institute @ UCLA (2011) Currently identifying 3.8% Lesbian and gay: 1.7% Bisexual: 1.8 % Transgender: 0.3 % 9 million people total in the US Why do we need the numbers  Empirical research- some evidence to suggest a true fact- credibility - representation of groups  Support/ services  Control  Political power There are different factors leading people to answer the question of sexuality differently The identity gap- the difference in how the question is asked, who asks and what the preceding question The stonewall riots (1969) Social construction- change in time and space Claims and counter claims makers Changes the nature of how we understand LGBTQ  Laws prohibiting homosexual behavior in public  Collective resistance from patrons  Birth of gay and lesbian political movement  Confronting the American Psychiatric Association  Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (DSM)  Disruption of meeting, protests, and demonstrations Stonewall Inn was a safe place that Gay people could go and not be hassled and supported public displays of affection Police Raid of Stonewall Inn, Greenwhich Village (1969)  Laws prohibiting homosexual behavior in public  Collective resistance from patrons  Birth of gay and lesbian political movement  Arrested people that were displaying affection  One night there was a collective resistance Confronting the American Psychiatric Association who defined homosexuality as a disease  Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (DSM)- tells the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment  Why was this an issue?  Disruption of meetings, protests and demonstrations The DSM definition lead to  Treatment  Something is wrong with you  Deviant/evil  Occupational boundaries- can't be priests, teachers, psychiatrists  Education  Immigration DSM II (81 words) Homosexuality was under the category "sexual deviations" "Under bizarre circumstances" "find their practices distasteful" "unable to substitute normal sexual behavior" There is a normal sexual behavior and anything outside is in this deviation Consensus perspective This is vague and has a ton of different interpretations EX: having sex in the kitchen could be seen as a deviation and in need to treatment 81 words Knowledge as situated within a framework of social relations  Position in hierarchy matters American Psychiatric association (1973) 90% believed homosexuality was a pathology Erased the connection between homosexuality and pathology What were the factors that lead to this change? Role of moral entrepreneurs/ claimsmakers  Activists  Older established psychiatrists  Young Turks  GayPA- Gay psychiatrists that were not out  Robert Spitzer  Dr. Anonymous- tells us that gay psychiatrists did the same work as others  Evelyn Hooker - found the sample of gay studies were those who were already institutionalized, male prostitutes, or had other factors influencing them - she did other studies that did not have any previous factors- pathology connection did not hold 2000s: 90% believed homosexuality is a natural variant of sexuality Spitzer revision to the DSM (1994) does not list homosexuality in the DSM and conversations around sexual disorders Week 5 Lecture 14 Wednesday, April 27, 2016 81 words Ronald Gold "The title of my speech was stop it you're making me sick and essentially I said that the diagnosis of illness for homosexuality is the greatest tool of oppression imaginable. And that they’ve got to take us out of nomenclature in order to prevent this from being the kind of sick you get when people are oppressing you." Perfect example in conflict theory that you have a group of elite people that determine the rules of deviance and who labels people as sick Charles Socarides: "The relationship between a male and a female. They go together, they go together through all of evolution right up to the animal kingdom, right up to man, an d now they say its just as natural to mate with the same sex as it is with the opposite sex. What will psychiatry think, what will medicine think, what will pediatrics think? They'll think we've gone insane." Consensus theory Is this deviant? How is definition of deviance determined  Polls: Gallup: gay marriage Find slide 1973 When homosexuality was considered a pathology 2013 President Obama says that he believes that gay marriage should be allowed The supreme court- "They ask for equal dignity in the eyes of the law. The constitution grants them that right." What are the factors that changed from 1973-2013  Comfort in disclosure- there used to be a fear of violence, discrimination, unemployed  Laws repealed  More awareness of gay and lesbian people  Advocates and allies speak out in support  Demographic shifts, younger people gaining more power and more liberal views  More people going to college and more socially progressive decision making and laws  Religious views and people who go to church on a regular basis- not as bound by religion  Media and representation- EX: Ellen  Artists, musicians, actors, athletes  Seen more normal and reducing the threat factor  AIDS- reduction/ treatment- government response was a failure and didn’t address it well  Anti-bullying  Urbanistic lifestyles Heteronormative: Heterosexuality taken as normal in society  Deviations from this norm seen as deviant and acts subject to sanctions and social disapproval  How is the norm displayed and reinforced?  Role of socialization, institutions and interaction  Is this changing? Sex and gender Sex  Biological categories of female and male determined by genes, hormones, reproductive organs, etc. Gender  Social categories of male or female that are differentiated by psychological characteristics or role expectations  Women vs. men (expressive/communal vs. Agentic) Gender identity  Individual's perception of themselves as specific gender Gender roles: expression, social construction Roles: Man is the breadwinner and the woman is the homemaker How have gender roles changed?  Women making more money in the workforce  Stay at home dads  Moves toward paternity leave  Women in higher education  CEOs and bosses  Not as strict appearance standard  Don’t have to marry  Breaking the binary between male and female- more than just two options The end of gender? NRP: Gender identity (2008) Bradley  Teal towel hair  Beat up for playing with Barbie  Dr. Zucker and gender identity disorder  Treatment: change of behavior Jonah  Playing dress up  Identifies as girl  Dr. Ehrensaft  Treatment: no modification of behavior Week 5 Lecture 15 Friday, April 29, 2016 Word of the day Morbier- "delicious French cheese" Is it a boy or a girl- Documentary about gender identity  What are the norms/values expressed? When parents don't know the sex of the baby's sex, they are upset People want this gender binary and an explanation of their baby's sex Boy names or girl names  Is there a consensus or a conflict?  What is the role of experts? Work with parents and try to explain to parents that there can be different hormones affecting the growth of genitalia Chromosomes can override genetic sex and can make a female or male appear like the opposite sex Approximately 1 in every 2000 are born with ambiguous genitalia A gender of a child can be imprinted up to age 18 Doctors told parents how to raise their children Charley to Cheryl- parents were told to raise boy Charlie as a girl even though she was intersex Told parents to change name and delete all evidence that Charlie was ever a boy  What are the methods of control used? How? Reconstructive surgery and psychological convincing to fit with the gender binary CAH Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Psychologically, its best to operate as early as possible It matters what the parents think about the gender assignment too AIS- body cells only partially develop toward male Howard devore - psychologist treating intersexual people Some males look like girls at birth and are typically raised like a girl until the baby develops as a boy 5 times a day doctors perform corrective surgery in an attempt to normalize gender- they say our culture has demanded it


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