CL 113 Lecture36
CL 113 Lecture36 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
Lecture 36. 4/29/16 Livy—“Etruscans were so overwhelmed by the audacity of Cocles they were stupefied” Casting menacing glances at Etruscans Dionysius of Halicarnassus “Etruscans thought Cocles was a madman” Rome is saved by intervention of Cocles Dumezil—“Roman reflex of 1 eyed god is Cocles” New bridge is built over Tiber River—Etruscans cross back over into Rome Mucius Roman citizen; takes matters into his own hands—sneaks out of Rome into Etruscan camp to find Lars Porsenna (Etruscan General) to assassinate him Attacks secretary of Lars because he thinks its Lars Porsenna o He is arrested Mucius says he’s 1 of 300 assassins o Demonstrates how dedicated he is to the destruction of the Etruscans by sticking his hand in fire (destroying it to prove truth) Self-sacrifice makes Lars call the whole war off; Rome is saved Scaevola “Left-handed” Roman reflex of the one-handed god (says Dumezil) Lug=Celtic one eyed god Cocles= Roman one eyed god Nuada=Celtic one handed god Parallels between Roman and Irish Tradition 1. An oppressive ruler is overthrown Roman: Oppressive ruler= Tarquinius Superbus Irish: Oppressive ruler=Bres The oppression continues even after the ruler is overthrown o Rome—Threat of Etruscans continue 2. Conflict is concluded by exploiting the loss of a right hand Irish—Sreng exploits Nuada’s loss of his right hand Rome—Mucius exploits the loss of his own right hand Dumezil—Another PIE tradition preserved: Conflict between the functions Rome Romulus fighting with Sabines after his abduction of Sabine Daughters 1 /2 nd functions v. 3rd rd Sabines= 3 function Society takes shape Irish nd 2 battle of Mag Tuired is an expression of conflict between the functions TDD v. Fomoire (Fomoire= 3 function) Fomoire transformed Ireland into a place of sheep/pastoral place (3 function phenomenon during time of Nemed) Celtic New Year= Samain Every year, followers of Nemed had to surrender to the Fomoire o 2/3 of their grain crop o 2/3 of their milk o 2/3 of their children Mil Offspring=Milesans/Sons of Mil o Next group of peoplesto arrive in Ireland o Looked at as the 1 Celts/Irish ancestors Scythian Mil Espaine (sometimes called this because him & his followers once settled in Spain) Ith Milesan living in Spain Climbed a tower in Spain and saw green island= Ireland o Goes to investigate & is slain by TDD Now Milesans are coming to Ireland for vengeance Prominent members of expedition to Ireland: 1. Donn—king of Milesans 2. Amairgin—poet/judge 3. Eremon—general in charge 4. Eber—brother of Eremon Milesans win battle against TDD Find themselves in royal village Tara + encounter 3 kings of TDD o Told by the kings they must leave the island for 3 days for murdering TDD in battle o Have to lie at anchor beyond the 9 wave for 3 days Milesans attempt to go back to island but cant because of magical wind summoned by the druids o Amairgin recites poem and the wind stops o Poem is about himself—“I am wind on sea I am ocean wave I am roar of sea I am bull of 7 fights I am vulture on cliff…..” All of creation is equal to himself o Similar to words spoken by Krsna to Arjuna; Krsna makes claims that all of creation is bound up in himself Both poems/words are about creation and are out of context; reflexes of PIE traditions Amairgin divides Ireland between TDD and Milesans Horizontal divide TDD get everything below ground o Mounds, graves o Sid-mounds—inhabitanted by creatures Milesans get everything above ground
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