Chapter 8 Week 5 Child Development
Chapter 8 Week 5 Child Development Soc 322
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lorena Notetaker on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 322 at California State University Los Angeles taught by Rick Fraser in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see SOCIALIZATION:CHILDHOOD & ADOL in Sociology at California State University Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
Date: 3/25/16 Subject: Chapter 8: Key Concepts/ Questions Notes Learning Objects • Discuss growth and change in the young child’s body and brain. • Describe changes in motor development in early childhood • Characterize the health of young children [Images of Children] • Teresa and her art - Kindergarten and free access to materials created enthusiasm • Later years in school destroyed motivation - Teachers unaided children’s skills - Restrictions to art increased - Student competition created stress Teenagers • Brain is more mineable / it is plastic. • We can actually grow our cells back. • If you are a gamer, it creates passive learning environment [Height and Weight] What is your early Childhood years? - From 2 years to 6 years • Average child grows 2 ½ inches and gain between 5 and 7 pounds a - 6 to 9 year during early child hood - 9-12 when a child hits • ½ of children in Los Angeles live in poverty. They receive there best puberty meal at home. Extra Credit: - They loose the capacity to attend school - Relationship with friends (because they are stigmatized, they are dumb they cannot keep up) - You are to go with out - A kid that is dumb can be seen as dumb. [Height and Weight] sugar. Environmental influences on growth - No carbohydrates. - Ethnic origin - No process sugar. - Nutrition - Everyday exactly what you eat. - Birth order - Urban vs. Rural - Maternal smoking - And write how you feel - Prenatal development on the day without sugar. - When you stop eating sugar your body burn the stored fat. - Fruit, vegetable, meat. - When you go into cactuses. You will start feeling energized. Why is the brain growing so [Brain] quickly? • The grows slower in childhood than in infancy - Myelination starts to slow down after 3 years old. (Layer of fatty cells - 75% of the brain is developed by the age of 3 years old. - 95% of adult volume by age 6 - Brain and head: fastest growing parts of the body • Three main natural neurotransmitters developed in the brain • If you can stay connected with people - When you exercise you enhance the dopamine and the present neurotransmitter. • People have different have depression moment. Than that is - Different kinds of neurotransmitters in medication vary for wonderful. different depressions. - You cannot really multitask. How do you stay in the - Multitasking is bad. moment? - You have to focus on one thing you then go to the next thing. - Sports you don’t think in the game. You think about the moves during practice and not in the game. - Education is not about intelligence; it is about being doing work. - You are not a great student it is about hard work. [Height and Weight] • Growth hormone deficiency - Occurs in prenatal development - Absence in pituitary gland - Treatment over several years needed to attain normal height - Affects boys two more than girls [Gross and fine motor skills] Grows motor skills - Preschoolers struggle for balance - Age 3: Enjoys simple movements such as hopping, jumping and running - Age 4: Becomes more adventurous and climbs - Age 5: Runs hard, is adventurous, tries hair-raising stunts in climbing. - 3-year-old: Most active age in human life span. - Daily exercise needed for muscle growth - Activity level influenced by family, opportunities (child care centers, preschool programs) - Failure to develop can have long-term negative consequences • Grows motor skills: use their big muscles (running, throwing a baseball) Fine Motor Skills - Age 3: still emerging from infant ability to place and handle things - Age 4: Coordination improved and more precise (inability for perfection is frustrating) - Age 5: Hand, arm, and body move together under better eye command (seek more complex activities) • Fine motor skills: use their small muscles (climbing a wall, drawing) - Some skills can be both gross and fine motor skills (climbing) - When you are a kid and have been abused you closed down on all emotional emotions. - In order to have memory you have to present and emotional connection. - You have to be connected to make drawings to use the fine motor skills. • It is important for kids to play at the stage where there brain is developing. • In some case 10 to 15 % aren’t physically developed to hold their pee. A part of their brain has not developed to hold their pee. • When a child doesn’t sleep enough hours they don’t developed right and gives impairs their ability to attend school other social activities. - You should be aware of the child’s sleeping pattern. - And train their brain to sleep and sleeping patterns [Nutrition] • Parents who are trying to force and control them to eat, they oppress them and leads to other problems (they will resent parents or food, anorexia) • Main cause of deaths in children 1 through years old of age. - Higher motor vehicle accidents - Cancer kills a huge amount of children (it is important to keep your children healthy and keep up with there health) [Poverty kids] - Live in hazard environments [ADHD] - Fast growing disease in the United States - ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder) - We don’t know what causes ADHD - We are lucky in this country because most children in other countries dies of dehydration and malnourishment
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