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by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch13 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

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Chapter 13 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
history, lbsu, csulb, Sheridan, dr, coldwar, Cold, War, 1950, sunbelt, Culture
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 05/02/16
The  Emergence  of  the  Cold  War  and  the  1950s  in  the  U S     The  Cold  War     What  is  was,  whe n   -­‐after  the  1st  half  of  the  century  where  the  wars  were  fought  and  ppl  died  by  weapons.  There  becomes   rhetoric  about  war.     -­‐1945-­‐1990:  when  the  cold  war  takes  plac e   -­‐a  series  of  war  that  revolve  around  rhetoric  words,  threats,  rhetorical  idea s   -­‐war  didn’t  actually  break  ou t   -­‐war  didn’t  actually  dominate  the  20th  centur y     Bipolar  world,  role  of  the  US  and  the  Soviet  Unio n   -­‐bipolar  world-­‐  economic  and  political  historians  way  that  the  world  was  dominated  by  2  pole s   -­‐2  poles  are  the  US  and  the  Soviet  Unio n     New  role  of  the  US  internationall y     -­‐the  US  is  a  capitalist  country  that  has  ideas  about  democracy  and  constitution al  law.  Multi  party   system,  different  political  partie s   -­‐the  US  lead  the  western  countries  and  value s   -­‐ex.  West  Germany,  Canada,  France   -­‐on  the  opposite  side  of  the  pole  is  the  Soviet  Union  and  a  new  state.  Employs  communist   theories.  Operated  under  a  single  party  socialist.  A  strong  centralized  government.  The  head  of   the  Soviet  bloc  aka  eastern  bloc   -­‐US  became  more  active  in  world  politics   -­‐US  pushes  back  from  isolations  and  has  a  activist  role  trying  to  push  their  policies  forwar d   -­‐the  beginning  of  a  continuation  of  power       The  Marshall  Plan,  role  of  Secretary  of  State  George  Marshall,  proposed  June  1947   -­‐proposed  a  couple  yrs  after  the  world  is  ove r   -­‐a  plan  that  funded  22  billion  dollars  of  aid  to  other  states,  specifically  European  economies   -­‐states  had  to  agree  to  conditions  to  ge  the  money   -­‐the  Soviet  union  could  of  really  used  the  money  because  they  lost  a  large  chunk  of  their  stuf f   -­‐didn’t  want  to  accept  the  money  from  the  U S   -­‐places  on  the  eastern  bloc  didn’t  want  to  accept  the  mone y   -­‐west  German  values     Significance  of  the  Marshall  plan  historicall y   -­‐the  plan  further  divided  the  US  and  the  Soviet  Unio n   -­‐some  states  received  the  money  while  others  didn’t       The  cold  war  begins…the  "iron  curtain"  speech  at  Westminster  Colleg e   -­‐very  clear  that  after  the  speech  by  Churchill,  that  was  the  moment  where  the  cold  war  started   -­‐Churchill  not  reelected  and  was  half  American   -­‐"an  iron  curtain  has  descended  upon  Europe"   -­‐what  he  was  saying  was  that  the  bipolar  world  was  a  reality  and  it  existed.  By  saying  that  there  were   clear  differences,  it  was  saying  that  the  US  and  the  Soviet  union  had  clear  differences .   -­‐the  Us  understood  with  the  interpretation  and  there  was  no  going  back  about  the  cold  wa r   -­‐Churchill  gave  the  speech  and  Truman  stayed  there  too     communism  and  capitalist  though t   -­‐differences  in  how  communists  and  capitalists  should  govern  the  lan d   -­‐capitalists  have  a  larger  narrative  with  little  government  interference   -­‐want  gov  to  have  limited  contro l     Soviet  union  gains  territory  in  the  late  1940s,  rising  of  tension  with  the  western  worl d   -­‐soviet  union  pushed  its  agenda  on  the  eastern  states,  th ey  grab  territory   -­‐grab  places  like  Ukraine,  Hungry,  Yugoslavia,  the  Baltic  Region,  Estonia,  Latvi a   -­‐lead  to  rising  tension  with  the  US     The  development  of  atomic  politics  and  the  threat  of  nuclear  tec h   -­‐the  US  is  the  first  state  to  finish  the  first  live  atomic  bomb  to  be  dropped  in  Japa n   -­‐US  put  lost  of  money  into  the  researc h   -­‐Soviet  union  later  also  created  a  bom b   -­‐Hydrogen  bomb-­‐created  by  the  soviets   -­‐both  nuclear  techs  of  the  bombs  are  available       The  "nuclear  club"…  US,  USSR,  Britain,  France,  China  Indi a   -­‐nuclear  tech  in  other  state s   -­‐by  the  time  its  1967,  there  are  more  than  2  states  that  have  nuclear  weapons  spanning  the  glob e   -­‐specter-­‐  the  use  of  the  weapons  cuts  negotiations  in  the  cold  wa r   -­‐Pakistan  and  India  go  to  war  in  the  early  1970s  that  later  go  into  a  nuclear  war   -­‐tensions  play  out  btwn  other  states,  it's  not  just  US  and  Soviets   -­‐changes  the  geopolitics  of  the  world  not  just  in  a  bipolar  way.  N.  Korea  and  Iran  is  what  present   day  ppl  are  worried  about.  S.  Korea  is  scared  of  N.  Korea …     Intelligence  agency  development  of  the  CIA  and  the  KG B   -­‐the  point  in  time  where  the  CIA  is  founde d   -­‐CIA  is  created  during  the  cold  war  in  Virginia-­‐headquarters   -­‐ppl  trained  into  espionag e   -­‐CIA  becomes  the  state  sanctio n   -­‐officially  trained  spies  that  implement  projects  in  the  US  during  the  cold  war   -­‐KGB  the  Russian  bureau  that  is  the  CIA  equivalen t   -­‐Russian  spies   -­‐official  state  supported  espionag e       Breaking  of  the  Color  Barrie r   Jackie  Robinson  importance  of  his  break  into  the  major  league  baseball,  ending  of  the  negro  leagu e   -­‐baseball  was  a  huge  sport  during  this  tim e   -­‐ppl  of  af  am  background  couldn’t  play  basebal l   -­‐played  in  the  Negro  league s   -­‐negro  leagues  ge  addressed  when  Jackie  Robinson  comes  to  light   -­‐Jackie  Robinson   -­‐made  his  name  in  baseball     -­‐made  his  name  in  the  negro  leagu e   -­‐the  Dodgers  gave  him  a  tryout   -­‐a  chance  to  make  it  into  the  major s   -­‐1950s  baseball  becomes  integrated   -­‐becomes  desegregated  because  of  J.  Robinson   -­‐Dodgers  win  the  world  series       Truman  addresses  the  NAAC P     -­‐the  1st  president  that  addressed  the  NAAC P   -­‐the  first  time  an  am  pres  mentioned  rac e   -­‐sets  up  the  committee  pf  civil  right s     Committee  on  Civil  Rights  (1946 )   -­‐discussing  issues  about  the  NAACP  publicl y     Sets  up  larger  issues  of  the  1950 s     1950s:  change,  consumption,  and  continuit y     Larger  themes  and  ideas  emergence  of  consumption,  similar  to  the  1920s,  move  to  the  West  and  Sout h   -­‐consumption:  the  time  of  relative  Am  influenc e   -­‐am  buy  houses-­‐own  a  house   -­‐they  bought  personal  TVs   -­‐owned  cars   -­‐demographic  shift  in  the  1950 s   -­‐cont  movement  to  the  west  and  south   -­‐back  drop  of  popular  cultur e   -­‐moving  images   -­‐Elvis  Presley   -­‐popular  shows     Emergence  of  popular  culture,  and  he  modern  civil  rights  movemen t   -­‐am  used  to  live  in  the  city  or  a  rural  are a   -­‐later  transformed  and  emerged  Levittown   -­‐Levittown:  a  prototype  where  Am  can  liv e   -­‐moving  away  from  the  city  that  isn't  laid  out  like  a  city   -­‐the  earliest  suburb  had  a  set  of  deeds  that  Af  Am  couldn’t  own  houses  in  Levittow n   -­‐challenged  by  the  supreme  court  and  later  af  Am  could  live  ther e   -­‐rise  of  cultural  differences,  and  economical  difference s   -­‐when  you  have  a  car  and  a  house,  you  don’t  have  to  talk  to  anyon e   -­‐changes  living  patterns  and  modes  of  interactio n   -­‐you  don’t  have  to  interact  with  pp l   -­‐isolating  ideas   -­‐you  have  the  protection  of  your  famil y   -­‐effects  on  interaction   -­‐suburbs  became  popular  in  the  south  and  the  west  (the  sunbelt )   -­‐an  opening  f  large  population  growt h   -­‐ex.  Florida,  Texas,  LA,     -­‐population  shifted  to  the  west  and  south   -­‐ppl  moves  to  the  Sunbelt     William  J.  Levitt,  building  of  Levittown,  on  long  island  N Y     Larger  sets  of  ideas  and  development  of  the  suburban  lif e     Emergence  of  the  sun  belt  state s     The  Rise  of  the  Sun  Belt   Demographic  shift,  sift  away  from  the  Rust  Belt  and  the  North  Eas t   -­‐1945-­‐55  A  population  Inc   -­‐entertainment  industry,  Boeing   -­‐film  and  TV  industry  based  in  CA     Emergence  of  CA  as  a  force  demographically  in  US  histor y     Movement  of  the  Brooklyn  Dodgers  and  Minneapolis  Lakers  to  LA…becoming  the  LA  Dodgers  and   the  LA  lakers   -­‐successful  teams  that  moved  from  Indianapolis  to  C A   -­‐important  players  in  terms  of  power  and  league s     Birth  and  development  of  air  conditionin g   -­‐sunbelt  happens  because  of  air  c onditioning   -­‐created  the  idea  of  home  air  conditionin g   -­‐the  reason  why  ppl  began  to  move  to  hot  area s   -­‐ppl  were  able  to  move  to  these  hot  areas  because  cool  air  was  now  availabl e   -­‐the  period  where  Lvpopular   -­‐development  of  Disney  world   -­‐shift  of  ppl   -­‐cool  air  in  private  homes     Willis  S.  Carrier  and  the  use  of  air  conditionin g       Use  of  tech  to  create  comfort  and  allow  for  demographic  shifts  to  occu r       The  Culture  of  Abundanc e   consumerism  use  of  cars  TV,  washing  machines,  ref s   -­‐am  had  more  leisure  time   -­‐leisure  act     Credit  cards  use  begins,  diner's  club  and  am  expres s     Re-­‐emergence  of  domesticity  and  an  emphasis  on  home  and  family  life,  gender  roles  of  the  suburban   housewife   -­‐gender  roles  become  more  normalize d   -­‐mom  stays  at  home  with  kid s   -­‐dad  works   -­‐1  vision  of  American  life   -­‐what's  left  out  of  the  vision?   -­‐race  and  ethnicity   -­‐economic     -­‐ppl  who  didn’t  live  in  the  suburb s     TV  shows:  Ozzie  and  Harriet,  Father  Knows  Best,  Leave  it  to  Beaver,  I  love  Luc y   -­‐set  in  suburban  areas   -­‐white  middle  class  pp l   -­‐made  AM  seem  like  it  was  just  white  am  ppl  who  lived  in  suburban  area s     Role  of  white,  suburban  culture…to  a  degree  shrouding  the  issues  of  race  and  conflict  that  are  brewin g   -­‐the  representation  of  this  US  family  was  shrouding  what  it  was  like  to  really  live  in  L A   -­‐the  vision  left  a  lot  of  ppl  out      


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