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by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch14 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

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Chapter 14 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
assasination, hist, hist173, civilwar, history, dr, Sheridan, vietnam, viet, jhonson, LBJ, Nixon
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 05/02/16
1960's:  The  Great  Society,  Assassination,  and  Vietna m     Kennedy  Presidency,  1960s -­‐63   -­‐JFK,  Democrat,  from  Massachusetts,  Roman  Catholi c   -­‐details  of  the  1960s  campaig n   -­‐role  of  Nixon,  his  Repub  opponent   -­‐series  of  conflicts  in  the  early  1960 s   -­‐problems  w/  the  Soviet  over  Cub a   -­‐Assassination,  Dallas  ,  Nov  1963,  Lee  Harvey  Oswald,…larger  themes  in  AM  hist.       LBJ's  Presidency   Lyndon  Baines  Johnson,  from  Texas,  he  is  a  southern  democrat  humble  origin s   -­‐comes  from  lower  middle  class  white  middle  class  Texa s   -­‐Kennedy  comes  from  a  wealthy  family  and  went  to  Harvar d   -­‐Johnson  is  from  the  south  and  is  poor,  had  to  work  to  go  to  colleg e   -­‐Very  formational  for  him  because  he  experienced  povert y   -­‐his  poverty  made  him  think  about  ways  in  which  he  can  create  gov  programs  to  alleviate  those  issue s   -­‐made  "The  Great  Society"  as  a  gov  program  that  helped  povert y   -­‐was  on  good  terms  with  democrats  and  republican s   -­‐started  in  the  House  and  went  to  the  Senat e   -­‐used  intimidation  in  his  leadership   -­‐  the  Johnson  treatment     After  the  Kennedy  assassinatio n   -­‐LBJ  became  pres  right  after     Creation  of  the  Great  societ y     Programs  w/in  the  "war  on  poverty "     Medicare  (1965)  and  Medicaid  (1966 )   -­‐Medicare:  when  you  hit  a  specific  age  you  can  be  provided  with  health  care  provided  by  the  gov.  age   65   -­‐passed  in  1965   -­‐creates  health  ins  and  medial  care  for  individuals  who  weren't  able  to  have  that  befor e   -­‐very  problematic   -­‐"socialized  medicine"   -­‐supported  Am  for  many  years   -­‐Medicaid:  found  the  yr  after  Medicare   -­‐a  form  of  Medicare  for  ppl  who  are  disabled  and  unab le  to  provide  for  their  own  health  care  in  a  variety   of  ways   -­‐not  necessarily  linked  to  age       Elementary  and  secondary  Education  of  1965,  larger  role  and  impact  on  educatio n   -­‐the  first  push  towards  helping  educatio n   -­‐needed  more  then  1  billion  dollars  to  purchase  books   -­‐for  families  with  low  income  schools   -­‐schools  that  don’t  have  neighborhoods  that  produce  less  tax  dollar s   -­‐in  communication  with  education   -­‐"head  start  program"  a  school  program  for  students  who  didn’t  speak  eng  that  allowed  them  to  start   before  kindergarten     Higher  education  act  or  1965,  money  and  expansion  of  opportunity  for  middle  and  lower  class   graduates   -­‐higher  education  act  1965:  In c  gov  money  given  to  Univ,  created  scholarships  and  low  interest  loans  for   students  given  from  the  gov,  shifted  the  way  ppl  obtained  mone y   -­‐the  university  used  to  be  able  to  give  money  to  students  that  the  gov  gave  to  the  Univ.  the  act  changed   all  that   -­‐money  was  distributed  by  the  students  that  applied  to  the  schoo l   -­‐transformed  how  money  was  given  to  low  class  ppl   -­‐changed  college  for  low  class  pp l   -­‐opened  college  to  working  class  backgrounds  and  lower  class  background s   -­‐act  was  under  "the  great  society "   -­‐opens  higher  education  to  ethnic  minorities  who  were  rejected  education       Immigration  act  1965,  impact  on  immigration  and  ethnic  compositio n   -­‐Inc  the  amount  of  immigrants  starting  in  1965   -­‐before  the  majority  of  imm igration  came  from  Euro,  west  central  Europe  in  the  17th -­‐19th  century   -­‐immigrants  started  coming  from  Asia,  Latin  am,  central  nd  south  am,  euro  that  was  underrepresente d   -­‐transformed  the  racial  composition  of  the  U S   -­‐got  to  the  point  where  US  became  one  of  the  most  diverse  countries  and  it  was  caused  by  this   immigration  act     National  endowment  for  the  arts  (NEA)  and  the  national  endowment  for  the  humanities  (NEH )   -­‐NEA:  the  first  public  funding  for  the  arts   -­‐money  given  to  diff  art  groups  and  supporti ng  artistic  movements   -­‐NEH:  fed  funding  for  scholars  that  were  interested  in  the  Humanitie s   -­‐LBJ  wasn’t  very  supported  for  those  acts  but  Nixon  (pres  after)  doubled  the  money  for  these  program s   -­‐PBS:  public  broadcasting  syste m   -­‐end  of  LBJ  presidency     Voting  rights  act  1965,  elimination  of  black  codes  and  Jim  Crow  laws,  corporation  and  work  with    MLK   -­‐voting  rights  act:  officially  implements  the  demands  of  the  civil  rights  movement  into  the  US  federal   law     -­‐about  6  laws  that  were  passe d   -­‐1  important  act  was  the  voting  rights  act  of  1965:  completes  the  idea  of  reconstructio n   -­‐all  will  be  equal  under  the  la w   -­‐the  eventual  elimination  of  the  Jim  crow  laws  and  the  black  codes  which  were  in  the  laws  for  about  a   100  yrs   -­‐1.  ensured  the  minorities  to  register  and  vote   -­‐2.  eliminated  tests  that  prevented  blacks  from  votin g   -­‐literacy  tests   -­‐voter  qualification  tests-­‐did  your  grandfather  vote  in  federal  election s   -­‐3.  authorized  voting  examiners  to  observe  and  enforce  equality  when  it  came  to   voting     Larger  legacy  of  the  Great  Society,  long  term  ramifications  and  reaction  to  its  politic s   -­‐the  whole  project  for  the  great  society  Inc  the  gov  expenditur e   -­‐from  an  economic  point  of  view-­‐from  the  beginning  of  LBJ's  presidency,  he  lowered  taxe s   -­‐taxes  were  lowered  and  stayed  low   -­‐for  the  last  50  yrs  the  US  ran  a  defici t   -­‐how  big  can  the  deficit  get ?   -­‐main  creditor  for  the  US  is  Chin a   -­‐cont  to  make  us  think  that  laws  can  be  passed  and  create  chang e   -­‐what  are  the  limits  in  law ?     Leads  to  concerns  about  the  role  od  gov  and  larger  issues  about  gov  expenditur e     Vietnam  and  Political  Assassination s   inc  of  issues  w/in  Viet   -­‐inc  of  US  involvement  with  Viet   -­‐French  had  euro  colonial  control  and  eventually  pushed  out  by  leaders  and  battle s   -­‐French  removed  themselves  from  Indochin a   -­‐Eisenhower,  JFK,  LBJ,  Nixo n   -­‐4  consecutive  pres,  2  repub,  2  demo,     -­‐US  engaging  in  Viet       Rise  of  N  Viet,  larger  investment  from  the  Soviet  Union  and  the  Chin a   -­‐where  the  cold  war  is  at  its  hottes t   -­‐because  of  the  escalation,  the  Us  had  to  come  up  with  a  series  of  plan s   -­‐LBJ  had  a  variety  of  opinions  and  escalated  the  number  of  troops       Escalation  of  Troops  suppor t       Home  front  protests  and  rising  concern  over  #s  of  deaths,  media  coverag e   -­‐huge  engagement  and  more  media  coverag e   -­‐the  era  of  the  cultural  turn       LBJ,  March  1968…cutback  in  Viet,  and  not  running  for  reelectio n   -­‐at  this  point  he  was  pres  for  only  a  y r   -­‐LBJ  collaborates  with  advisors  and  wants  to  take  troops  out  of  viet   -­‐decided  in  March  1968,  to  stop  the  wa r   -­‐MLK  was  a  stronger  supported  of  not  wanting  to  go  to  wa r   -­‐decided  not  to  run  for  reelectio n   -­‐became  unpopular     MLK  Jr.  Assassination,  Memphis  April  196 8   -­‐lead  to  wide  scale  rioting   -­‐rioting  near  the  white  house   -­‐LBJ  and  his  wife  could  hear  the  riots  that  took  place  a  few  streets  awa y   -­‐the  most  famous  leader  is  shot  down     -­‐shot  by  a  white  southerner     Robert  F  Kennedy  assassination,  Los  Angeles,  June  196 8   -­‐a  senator  of  NY   -­‐decided  to  run  for  Presidency   -­‐democrat   -­‐began  to  win  a  series  of  primarie s   -­‐outspoken  about  Viet  and  didn’t  want  war  in  Vie t   -­‐CA  primary-­‐  RFK  runs  and  wins  the  primar y   -­‐walks  thru  a  hotel  and  gets  assassinate d     1968  Presidential  Election:  Hubert  Humphre y  vs  Richard  Nixon,  Nixon  wins,  not  an  overwhelming   mandate,  however   -­‐Dramatic  sets  of  actions  are  publicly  viewe d   -­‐the  assassinations  that  took  place  and  the  riots,  began  to  speak  to  a  variety  of  political  pp l   -­‐Humphrey-­‐  democratic  candidate   -­‐Nixon-­‐became  an  important  CA  member  in  the  House  of  Re p   -­‐runs  for  presidency  against  JFK-­‐loses   -­‐1964-­‐  runs  for  gov  of  CA  and  loses   -­‐"I'm  retiring  from  politics  and  you  wont  have  Nixon  to  kick  around  anymore. "   -­‐Nixon  runs  against  Humphrey  and  barely  wi ns     Legacy  of  the  1960s…whole  other  sets  of  concerns  that  aris e   -­‐the  60s  was  a  period  of  transformatio n   -­‐politically  it  ended  a  decade  of  transformatio n   -­‐decade  of  change  and  political  actio n   -­‐a  decade  of  civil  rights  transformatio n   -­‐after  all  that  transformation,  the  US  now  had  a  Republican  President  that  was  able  to  relate  to  the  U S   -­‐a  period  of  cold  war  tension  with  the  sovie t   -­‐a  decade  where  it  becomes  accepted  for  media  to  attack  the  governmen t   -­‐it  was  more  acceptable  to  be  anti  president   -­‐cultural  changes-­‐  the  hippies…    


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