Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
Popular in History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
1960's: The Great Society, Assassination, and Vietna m Kennedy Presidency, 1960s -‐63 -‐JFK, Democrat, from Massachusetts, Roman Catholi c -‐details of the 1960s campaig n -‐role of Nixon, his Repub opponent -‐series of conflicts in the early 1960 s -‐problems w/ the Soviet over Cub a -‐Assassination, Dallas , Nov 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald,…larger themes in AM hist. LBJ's Presidency Lyndon Baines Johnson, from Texas, he is a southern democrat humble origin s -‐comes from lower middle class white middle class Texa s -‐Kennedy comes from a wealthy family and went to Harvar d -‐Johnson is from the south and is poor, had to work to go to colleg e -‐Very formational for him because he experienced povert y -‐his poverty made him think about ways in which he can create gov programs to alleviate those issue s -‐made "The Great Society" as a gov program that helped povert y -‐was on good terms with democrats and republican s -‐started in the House and went to the Senat e -‐used intimidation in his leadership -‐ the Johnson treatment After the Kennedy assassinatio n -‐LBJ became pres right after Creation of the Great societ y Programs w/in the "war on poverty " Medicare (1965) and Medicaid (1966 ) -‐Medicare: when you hit a specific age you can be provided with health care provided by the gov. age 65 -‐passed in 1965 -‐creates health ins and medial care for individuals who weren't able to have that befor e -‐very problematic -‐"socialized medicine" -‐supported Am for many years -‐Medicaid: found the yr after Medicare -‐a form of Medicare for ppl who are disabled and unab le to provide for their own health care in a variety of ways -‐not necessarily linked to age Elementary and secondary Education of 1965, larger role and impact on educatio n -‐the first push towards helping educatio n -‐needed more then 1 billion dollars to purchase books -‐for families with low income schools -‐schools that don’t have neighborhoods that produce less tax dollar s -‐in communication with education -‐"head start program" a school program for students who didn’t speak eng that allowed them to start before kindergarten Higher education act or 1965, money and expansion of opportunity for middle and lower class graduates -‐higher education act 1965: In c gov money given to Univ, created scholarships and low interest loans for students given from the gov, shifted the way ppl obtained mone y -‐the university used to be able to give money to students that the gov gave to the Univ. the act changed all that -‐money was distributed by the students that applied to the schoo l -‐transformed how money was given to low class ppl -‐changed college for low class pp l -‐opened college to working class backgrounds and lower class background s -‐act was under "the great society " -‐opens higher education to ethnic minorities who were rejected education Immigration act 1965, impact on immigration and ethnic compositio n -‐Inc the amount of immigrants starting in 1965 -‐before the majority of imm igration came from Euro, west central Europe in the 17th -‐19th century -‐immigrants started coming from Asia, Latin am, central nd south am, euro that was underrepresente d -‐transformed the racial composition of the U S -‐got to the point where US became one of the most diverse countries and it was caused by this immigration act National endowment for the arts (NEA) and the national endowment for the humanities (NEH ) -‐NEA: the first public funding for the arts -‐money given to diff art groups and supporti ng artistic movements -‐NEH: fed funding for scholars that were interested in the Humanitie s -‐LBJ wasn’t very supported for those acts but Nixon (pres after) doubled the money for these program s -‐PBS: public broadcasting syste m -‐end of LBJ presidency Voting rights act 1965, elimination of black codes and Jim Crow laws, corporation and work with MLK -‐voting rights act: officially implements the demands of the civil rights movement into the US federal law -‐about 6 laws that were passe d -‐1 important act was the voting rights act of 1965: completes the idea of reconstructio n -‐all will be equal under the la w -‐the eventual elimination of the Jim crow laws and the black codes which were in the laws for about a 100 yrs -‐1. ensured the minorities to register and vote -‐2. eliminated tests that prevented blacks from votin g -‐literacy tests -‐voter qualification tests-‐did your grandfather vote in federal election s -‐3. authorized voting examiners to observe and enforce equality when it came to voting Larger legacy of the Great Society, long term ramifications and reaction to its politic s -‐the whole project for the great society Inc the gov expenditur e -‐from an economic point of view-‐from the beginning of LBJ's presidency, he lowered taxe s -‐taxes were lowered and stayed low -‐for the last 50 yrs the US ran a defici t -‐how big can the deficit get ? -‐main creditor for the US is Chin a -‐cont to make us think that laws can be passed and create chang e -‐what are the limits in law ? Leads to concerns about the role od gov and larger issues about gov expenditur e Vietnam and Political Assassination s inc of issues w/in Viet -‐inc of US involvement with Viet -‐French had euro colonial control and eventually pushed out by leaders and battle s -‐French removed themselves from Indochin a -‐Eisenhower, JFK, LBJ, Nixo n -‐4 consecutive pres, 2 repub, 2 demo, -‐US engaging in Viet Rise of N Viet, larger investment from the Soviet Union and the Chin a -‐where the cold war is at its hottes t -‐because of the escalation, the Us had to come up with a series of plan s -‐LBJ had a variety of opinions and escalated the number of troops Escalation of Troops suppor t Home front protests and rising concern over #s of deaths, media coverag e -‐huge engagement and more media coverag e -‐the era of the cultural turn LBJ, March 1968…cutback in Viet, and not running for reelectio n -‐at this point he was pres for only a y r -‐LBJ collaborates with advisors and wants to take troops out of viet -‐decided in March 1968, to stop the wa r -‐MLK was a stronger supported of not wanting to go to wa r -‐decided not to run for reelectio n -‐became unpopular MLK Jr. Assassination, Memphis April 196 8 -‐lead to wide scale rioting -‐rioting near the white house -‐LBJ and his wife could hear the riots that took place a few streets awa y -‐the most famous leader is shot down -‐shot by a white southerner Robert F Kennedy assassination, Los Angeles, June 196 8 -‐a senator of NY -‐decided to run for Presidency -‐democrat -‐began to win a series of primarie s -‐outspoken about Viet and didn’t want war in Vie t -‐CA primary-‐ RFK runs and wins the primar y -‐walks thru a hotel and gets assassinate d 1968 Presidential Election: Hubert Humphre y vs Richard Nixon, Nixon wins, not an overwhelming mandate, however -‐Dramatic sets of actions are publicly viewe d -‐the assassinations that took place and the riots, began to speak to a variety of political pp l -‐Humphrey-‐ democratic candidate -‐Nixon-‐became an important CA member in the House of Re p -‐runs for presidency against JFK-‐loses -‐1964-‐ runs for gov of CA and loses -‐"I'm retiring from politics and you wont have Nixon to kick around anymore. " -‐Nixon runs against Humphrey and barely wi ns Legacy of the 1960s…whole other sets of concerns that aris e -‐the 60s was a period of transformatio n -‐politically it ended a decade of transformatio n -‐decade of change and political actio n -‐a decade of civil rights transformatio n -‐after all that transformation, the US now had a Republican President that was able to relate to the U S -‐a period of cold war tension with the sovie t -‐a decade where it becomes accepted for media to attack the governmen t -‐it was more acceptable to be anti president -‐cultural changes-‐ the hippies…