HIST173_Ch 9 HIST173
Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
Popular in History
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
The 1920s: A New Era The roaring 20s -‐why? -‐why is it a famous decade -‐"the jazz age", "age of the flappers", "the roaring 20s" -‐a decade of change Working Towards the Vote -‐suffrage movement is a process -‐Carrie Chapman catt -‐an early leader -‐born 1859 -‐ from Wisconsin, the midwest -‐wanted to become a teacher -‐the education field was something that we was allowed to be in -‐soared thru and became a teacher, principal, and super intendant -‐popular in the mid 1880s -‐married at an early age -‐dies after1 year -‐goes back to the area where she grew up in the mid west -‐gets married again -‐begins to get involved in the early movements pf the NAWSA National am woman suffrage Association (NAWSA), 1890s -‐the first major suffrage movement -‐Carrie was part of the process and was part of the activist group -‐gave speeches, gave political campaigns -‐tried to transform the movements in the 1920s -‐tried to bridge the generations -‐the Winning plan -‐to work on the regional, state, and federal level -‐wanted changes at all levels -‐a continuation of early success -‐1870s, women were able to vote -‐only able to vote for the state -‐ex senators, governors… -‐women able to finally vote on a state level -‐national amendment for women to vote -‐the idea that the suffrage was a sequential project that happened over many nights New leadership coming out the 19th century Push towards the West, Wyoming (1869) And Utah The movement towards militancy More violent measures -‐WSPU aka Suffragettes -‐women social political union -‐a British suffragette movement that attempted to be more aggressive and militant to create change -‐couldn’t rely on debates -‐they needed to do other things to create physicality to their movement -‐chained themselves to Buckingham palace, a major palace in London -‐began to attend meetings of parliament where they would chain themselves to the seat with a handcuff and scream out in protest -‐damaged store windows and west end front stores -‐hunger strikes -‐trying to do things that would get them press attention, wanted the British press to cover their story -‐they wanted pictures or stories that showed women's bodies being touched by men -‐educated well dressed women, being touched by men, and being man handled by them -‐almost all the police officials were lower class men -‐they wanted middle and upper class women bodies being touched -‐there would be discomfort looking at the pictures -‐1912-‐one of the suffragette women -‐ Emily Davison-‐ stepped in front of the king's house and tried to pin a ribbon to the horse -‐political martyrization -‐Emily dies -‐press coverage of the death -‐a larger movement for women's suffrage Using the British suffragette ex The rise of Alice Paul, her life experiences and Congressional union -‐Alice Paul -‐raised in the east coast -‐came from a religious Quaker family -‐gets attracted to the suffragette movement -‐right after she graduates college she s tudies the movements and actions of the women's movement -‐goes back to the US in the 1910s and utilizes these strategies -‐breaks away from the NAWSA -‐1914 -‐begins a process of radicalizing women's suffrage -‐creates the Congressional Union -‐suffragists-‐ US-‐ NAWSA -‐suffragettes-‐Brits-‐ WSPU -‐congressional Union -‐the goal was to create a movement that would get a national amendment passed thru the union -‐the first major movement happens during Woodrow Wilson's inauguration -‐Alice with a group of women walked on Pennsylvania Ave to the White house -‐they were taunted -‐the police stood there and didn’t do anything -‐the story got covered largely by the Washington post -‐later created the congressional union Protest in Washington, 1917, "the silent sentinels" -‐The Silent Sentinels -‐the women began the process of what became known as the silent sentinels -‐stood outside the white house and said nothing -‐held signs saying what they wanted -‐became known as non patriotic women because they protested during a war -‐later arrested and held in prison -‐beaten and abused by local authorities -‐given difficult conditions to move in -‐Alice Paul -‐begins a hunger strike following the British Suffragettes -‐when she didn't eat she was sent to an insane asylum -‐wasn’t given a fair trial -‐force fed by doctors -‐the story leaked out by reporters -‐huge anger and outbreak because of the way these women were treated Wilson's response -‐didn’t want to meet with Alice Paul -‐didn’t treat women's suffrage movement nicely -‐told the guards not to turn them away from their protest -‐later on became aggressive -‐women released and congress decides to vote -‐in the while process, there is finally a vote -‐before the vote, Wilson says he is behind the Women's suffrage and creates a women's suffrage amendment -‐the house passes the vote but the senate doesn’t and it takes another year for all the house and the senate to pass it as the 19th amendment -‐it becomes a major movement when all the states agree to pass the law and women could vote on a federal level Strategy of the movement -‐moving towards a specific political goal -‐cultural manifestation of the women -‐white women accepted in the south but not African women -‐not bringing up ideas of culture -‐creates political change but not cultural change The Move to an Amendment Events of WWI, women were mobilized -‐women go into the workforce -‐women do clerical jobs in the military -‐ambulance drivers -‐women work in factories in the states -‐there is a shift in labor expectations of women -‐paid labor -‐there was lots of discussion of WWI and women's right to vote -‐what is the relation btwn war, women's history, and gender -‐some scholars say that war helped women, and other say it didn’t The push to the 19th amendment Large societal changes -‐societal change and political change -‐employed different strategies -‐there was no one way to create change -‐the flexibility probably made the movement successful How can we read this whole section of history -‐What is the relationship btwn law and culture in American history? -‐do laws change and then culture changes? -‐or is the culture changing and then the law catches up to it? -‐how are women employing their physical bodies to historical change? -‐what are the ways they use their bodies to create a historical transformation? -‐this was a movement for white women, but there is no gender equality -‐this doesn't solve gender inequality -‐war ends up having a regressive effect -‐women's worlds get opened up but later get shut down -‐wars can limit women's movement The Century America's Time -‐1920-‐1929: Boom to Bust -‐alcohol was illegal-‐18th amendment-‐prohibition -‐no one paid attn to it -‐speakeasies-‐where you could get alcohol illegally -‐engagement with culture -‐prohibition -‐Broadway, Madison Ave, Wall street -‐ streets in Manhattan -‐Broadway-‐ the best and latest in entertainment -‐Madison-‐ the bustle new advertisement, consumer culture, ads -‐Wall Street-‐ economics, stock market, exchange -‐more ppl were in the city than in t he countryside -‐400% inc in the amount of millionaires -‐lives on Park Ave and 5th Ave -‐in the late 19th century-‐gilded age, wealthy ppl spent time in Newport, Rhode Island -‐ppl shifted to the Hamptons, after the gilded age -‐jazz-‐Harlem -‐if you wanted jazz you had to go to Harlem -‐Duke-‐the essence of what music was all about -‐hipster in music -‐Harlem contributed more than music -‐the Harlem Renaissance -‐the end of the line where all the fantasies came true -‐other parts of NY was for immigrants Impact if Science and Electricity -‐electricity extended the day -‐new experiences -‐new surge of power first came to the cities -‐later, homes had electricity
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