HIST173_Ch 10 HIST173
Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
Reviews for HIST173_Ch 10
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/02/16
The 1920s: the Jazz Age into the Depressio n To Kill a Mockingbird -‐novel, not a memoir -‐what are the themes ? -‐issues related to race -‐issues related to the depression The Roaring 20s…change Transition -‐a transition from an older model of US history to a modern interpretation of US stor y -‐one of the major markers for this year was that many ppl lived in the city. -‐the is the advent of the city, the coming of the cit y -‐the defining characteristics, the city becomes the place that defines the American experienc e -‐we see the development of mass media … -‐macro-‐national scale -‐in our world today, we all have the same major tv stations -‐there wasn’t this uniformity before the 1920 s -‐everyone didn’t have the same experienc e National culture Mass media, transmission of ideas and cultur e Leisure, consumption, entertainment, and amusemen t -‐Americans are having more time to do things more quickl y -‐consumption-‐what we as American's constantly consum e -‐there was a time that consumption didn’t play ou t -‐entertainment-‐the rise of entertainment -‐the film and radio industry develop dramaticall y FILM Industry: origins, location, southern CA, its advantage s -‐film in relevant to our lives -‐film is the cultural meaning of the 21st centur y -‐the first major film was created in France and Europe ke pt coming out with more film s -‐the idea of Hollywood becomes popula r -‐film changes when it comes to the US -‐European film was more serious and more of an ar t -‐when film reaches the US, Americans movies move away from art films and turn them into amusem ent -‐telling stories -‐interesting stories and plot -‐1910: the movie making industry is based in the US, silent film s -‐why was is based in the US ? -‐lots of land -‐there wasn’t a lot of land in NY -‐land was cheap -‐lots more sunshine than most place in the US -‐very little rainfall (CA was in a dessert ) -‐SoCal has mountains, desserts, cities, the ocea n -‐it can represent these places topographically -‐not a lot of places that have all 4 of these topographic area s Automobiles -‐the development and owning of automobile s -‐magazines were increasingly popula r -‐ppl in different parts of the world could read the same magazine s -‐the use of the telephone was more popula r -‐the fact that they could pass messages on quickl y Linkage the US is able to link with in itself in ways that weren't there befor e Cultural Icons Film stars…Chaplin, Pickford, Fairbank s -‐Charlie Chaplin: created a serious of film s -‐this face known around the world -‐funny, comedian -‐Mary Pickford: the firs t female star in the US -‐Douglas Fairbanks-‐swashbuckling masculine movie sta r -‐their publicity changed the way ppl dressed and everything The flapper…Clara Bow -‐flapper: young urban women who are fre e -‐they cut their hair, the bob haircut -‐women wore shorter skirt s -‐middle and upper class women wore makeup in publi c -‐make up used to be associated with prostitute s -‐make up became acceptable in the publi c -‐it used to be that if you wore make up you were saying that you were availabl e -‐women able to smoke in public and used to be illega l -‐dancing in public used to be illegal but now they were able to dance and listen to jaz z -‐a cultural shift in the 1920 s -‐over 500 municipalities aka cities that said women couldn’t be in public alon e -‐this happened in the 1900s -‐in the 1920s, those rules were gone and there were no restrictions on their behavio r Cultural changes -‐a period of time where Jazz becomes a national languag e -‐jazz started in Harlem -‐the emergence of jazz as an artistic cultural form -‐most famous jazz ppl were Af A m -‐Jazz became an African and European combo of musi c -‐jazz became worldwide Radio: its emergence -‐happens in the 1920s -‐1920s has the first license radio statio n -‐the development of radio and tv was a form of communication and studied by scholar s -‐radio had a huge impact on Am lives -‐film, didn’t have the same impact as radio, ppl enjoyed the comed y -‐ppl who listened to the radio, stayed in their home s -‐cultural change was that they spent time inside the house instead of outside -‐the importance of family emerged in the 20th century because ppl stayed inside the house instead of outside in the neighborhoo d -‐in today's world, you hear about scripted drama, and they would allow you to have the s ame storyline -‐the coming of the radio and television is seen as a mixed legac y -‐made ppl more interio r -‐created a language of the ppl around the country -‐families came closer together KDKA, Pittsburgh, 1920 -‐KDKA-‐ first official radio station -‐broadcasted sporting events… . -‐1930s-‐40% of Americans have their own radio station Details Impact on space and entertainments in the neighborhoo d The Stock Market Crash/ Depressio n Early origins -‐didn’t happen over nigh t -‐started around 1927 -‐it didn’t affect all Americans in the same way -‐it is one of the more important event sin the U S -‐a long period of history -‐the end of the 2nd WW that ends the depressio n -‐historians have put a lot of time and research in understandin g -‐continued to write about 1927: the unraveling -‐the depression begins -‐consumer spending was slowing dow n -‐housing construction was going dow n -‐manufacturing inde x -‐keeps tabs of what was being manufacture d -‐manufacturing also sufferin g -‐employment jumps -‐jobs became an issue -‐the stock market wasn’t going down Speculation on the stock market and wall stree t -‐stock market-‐became a symbol of the prosperity of the 20 s -‐became symbolic of the wealth even tho about 10% of American households had stoc k -‐ppl would buy stocks with loan s -‐they would buy stocks with loans from other companie s -‐they actually didn’t have any money Black Thursday and black Tuesday in Oct 192 9 -‐a mini crash on Thursdays -‐28 million shares were trade d -‐everyone panicked and frea k -‐by the end of the day, ppl began to sell their stoc k -‐The value of all the stocks 87 billion to 50 billio n -‐affected banks-‐national, regional…bank s -‐no insurance protection for bank s -‐if the bank goes under, you no longer have access to your mone y -‐banks were failing -‐ppl had no options -‐because of the difficulties fo the stock market, ppl began to kill themselve s Larger issues and analysis -‐consumption -‐ppl weren't buying as many thing s -‐Marriage rates fall s -‐divorce rate fall -‐ppl couldn’t afford to pay divorce lawyer s -‐No money for legal expens e -‐birth rates fall -‐the beginning of the crisis of confidenc e -‐the banks to agriculture -‐agricultural prices went u p -‐farmers go bankrupt -‐farmers -‐farmers used to borrow money from the bank and after selling all their crops they would be able to pay the banks back and live off the rest of the mone y -‐becomes a cycle that couldn’t be stoppe d -‐production of food -‐lack of food and substance -‐lack of crops -‐ppl retrench-‐ ppl begin to save their money instead of putting it into the bank s -‐ppl began to keep their money at home. Not spending any mone y -‐when money is not being circulated, it affects the econom y -‐Herbert Hoover -‐a republican who was popular when he was electe d -‐wasn’t ready to handle the depressio n -‐didn’t have the political ability to push the Americans thru the depressio n The Depression Social economic and cultural impac t Herbert hoover and his rul e -‐several historians says hoover becomes a scape goa t -‐it wasn’t his policies that caused the depression but the way he handled the depressio n -‐he wasn’t sympathetic about the situatio n -‐made him seem ill informed about what as going on in his countr y -‐didn’t like talking to the American ppl -‐tone deaf about his comments -‐bailed out banks, businesses, owners, but left the individual Americans to deal with themselve s -‐"cold hearted president" Demographic shift in depressio n Coming of Hoovervilles and their importance -‐Hoovervilles: towns developed by ppl made out of the cheapest material s -‐makeshift shelter s -‐blamed hoover for making the crappy living place s -‐creates institutional poverty -‐ppl get stuck in for long periods of time and can't leave from the institutional poverty Election of 1932 This is a pivotal election in AM political histor y -‐the governor of NY -‐economic relief programs-‐ helping ppl in the margin s -‐helped during the recessio n Hoover vs franklin Delano Roosevel t -‐franklin was a democratic president -‐FDR winns dramatically -‐the beginning of a dominance of 20 years for democrats in the next 20 yr s From NY important and powerful famil y -‐marries a cousin -‐ Eleanor Roosevelt (niece of teddy Roosevelt ) Details Victory for FDR -‐democrats win the presidency for a long period of tim e Final thought on the totality of the Depressio n Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) -‐elected 4 times in succession -‐from the same family as teddy Roosevel t -‐married cousin -‐connection to TKM -‐reference in the novel where during the democratic conventio n -‐the only thing we have to fear is fear itsel f The Depression -‐a 12 year phenomenon '29 -‐'41 -‐what brings the US out of depression is the entrance into WW 1 -‐US supplied weapons to the allie s -‐series of programs that Roosevelt pushed -‐The New Deal The New Deal -‐pushed thru congress -‐pushed a series of programs that were seen as radica l -‐radical then…normal in today's society -‐FDIC -‐one of the programs part of the New Dea l -‐pushed in his first ter m -‐federal deposit insurance company -‐sets a minimum that the government will deposit in the ban k -‐set a minimum that the government will cover -‐ex when the banks go bankrup t -‐federally insures a fixed amount of money in case something happens to the ban k -‐you could put your money in different banks putting more money out there for the natio n -‐SSA -‐another program from the New Dea l -‐accepted by most Americans -‐Social Security Act -‐creates a system where you pay into the SSA while you wor k -‐earn credits -‐eventually after work over that period of time, you will get interes t -‐they give you some amount of money based on your wor k -‐if you were old, and you didn’t have retirement, you had to keep workin g -‐created a buffer for extreme povert y -‐controversial and pushed back by political leader s -‐later accepted -‐old age pensions -‐a lot of the New deal programs lasted 3 -‐4 years during his term and later died ou t -‐the SSA is still used today -‐the idea of the New Deal was to get the US out of the depressio n 1. And attempt to kick start the econom y 2. Attempted to help ppl on the margins of society -‐helped ppl who were dealing with issues of povert y -‐the gov helping ppl with work securit y -‐lot more programs from the new deal -‐some deals were a success, others weren' t -‐AAA -‐Agricultural adjustment act -‐another New Deal program -‐trying to get the gov involved in farm industr y -‐an attempt to raise farm goods -‐crops -‐subsidized incomes of farmers who had larger land s -‐helps farmers -‐evicted tenant farmers and share cropper s -‐poor farmers kicked out of business and realized they cant make a living being a farme r -‐poorer farmers relocated to the citie s -‐had an effect on the Dust Bow l Dust Bowl -‐a period of dry weather -‐climate change -‐most environmental scholars say it made the depression wors e -‐lead to the stock market crash… -‐winds blew the top soi l -‐the soil was being swept away -‐affected a series of states: Oklahoma, Texas Kansas, Colorad o -‐more than 1 million farmers left their farm s -‐farmers moved to the west -‐created the great migration -‐Ex. Novel by John Steinbeck -‐written at the end of the 1930 s -‐The Grapes of Wrath -‐set partially in the Dust bowl -‐Jod family's trip to the west The Grapes of Wrath -‐won the Pulitzer priz e -‐themes: -‐economic security -‐identity-‐white working class, Okies: a clear identity of a poor white farme r -‐migration-‐movement and invention, immigration, migration in the U S -‐film made right after the depression -‐created during the Depression -‐a primary document -‐a source that reflects the 1930 s
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'