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HIST173_Ch 10

by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch 10 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

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Chapter 10 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
hist, hist173, dr, Sheridan, lbsu, csulb, civil, War, history, after
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 05/02/16
The  1920s:  the  Jazz  Age  into  the  Depressio n     To  Kill  a  Mockingbird   -­‐novel,    not  a  memoir     -­‐what  are  the  themes ?   -­‐issues  related  to  race   -­‐issues  related  to  the  depression     The  Roaring  20s…change   Transition   -­‐a  transition  from  an  older  model  of  US  history  to  a  modern  interpretation  of  US  stor y   -­‐one  of  the  major  markers  for  this  year  was  that  many  ppl  lived  in  the  city.   -­‐the  is  the  advent  of  the  city,  the  coming  of  the  cit y   -­‐the  defining  characteristics,  the  city  becomes  the  place  that  defines  the  American  experienc e   -­‐we  see  the  development  of  mass  media …   -­‐macro-­‐national  scale   -­‐in  our  world  today,  we  all  have  the  same  major  tv  stations   -­‐there  wasn’t  this  uniformity  before  the  1920 s   -­‐everyone  didn’t  have  the  same  experienc e     National  culture     Mass  media,  transmission  of  ideas  and  cultur e     Leisure,  consumption,  entertainment,  and  amusemen t   -­‐Americans  are  having  more  time  to  do  things  more  quickl y   -­‐consumption-­‐what  we  as  American's  constantly  consum e   -­‐there  was  a  time  that  consumption  didn’t  play  ou t   -­‐entertainment-­‐the  rise  of  entertainment   -­‐the  film  and  radio  industry  develop  dramaticall y     FILM  Industry:  origins,  location,  southern  CA,  its  advantage s   -­‐film  in  relevant  to  our  lives   -­‐film  is  the  cultural  meaning  of  the  21st  centur y   -­‐the  first  major  film  was  created  in  France  and  Europe  ke pt  coming  out  with  more  film s   -­‐the  idea  of  Hollywood  becomes  popula r   -­‐film  changes  when  it  comes  to  the  US   -­‐European  film  was  more  serious  and  more  of  an  ar t   -­‐when  film  reaches  the  US,  Americans  movies  move  away  from  art  films  and  turn  them  into  amusem ent   -­‐telling  stories   -­‐interesting  stories  and  plot   -­‐1910:  the  movie  making  industry  is  based  in  the  US,  silent  film s   -­‐why  was  is  based  in  the  US ?   -­‐lots  of  land   -­‐there  wasn’t  a  lot  of  land  in  NY   -­‐land  was  cheap   -­‐lots  more  sunshine  than  most  place  in  the  US   -­‐very  little  rainfall  (CA  was  in  a  dessert )   -­‐SoCal  has  mountains,  desserts,  cities,  the  ocea n   -­‐it  can  represent  these  places  topographically   -­‐not  a  lot  of  places  that  have  all  4  of  these  topographic  area s     Automobiles   -­‐the  development  and  owning  of  automobile s   -­‐magazines  were  increasingly  popula r   -­‐ppl  in  different  parts  of  the  world  could  read  the  same  magazine s   -­‐the  use  of  the  telephone  was  more  popula r   -­‐the  fact  that  they  could  pass  messages  on  quickl y     Linkage   the  US  is  able  to  link  with  in  itself  in  ways  that  weren't  there  befor e     Cultural  Icons   Film  stars…Chaplin,  Pickford,  Fairbank s   -­‐Charlie  Chaplin:  created  a  serious  of  film s   -­‐this  face  known  around  the  world   -­‐funny,  comedian   -­‐Mary  Pickford:  the  firs t  female  star  in  the  US   -­‐Douglas  Fairbanks-­‐swashbuckling  masculine  movie  sta r   -­‐their  publicity  changed  the  way  ppl  dressed  and  everything     The  flapper…Clara  Bow   -­‐flapper:  young  urban  women  who  are  fre e   -­‐they  cut  their  hair,  the  bob  haircut   -­‐women  wore  shorter  skirt s   -­‐middle  and  upper  class  women  wore  makeup  in  publi c   -­‐make  up  used  to  be  associated  with  prostitute s   -­‐make  up  became  acceptable  in  the  publi c   -­‐it  used  to  be  that  if  you  wore  make  up  you  were  saying  that  you  were  availabl e   -­‐women  able  to  smoke  in  public  and  used  to  be  illega l   -­‐dancing  in  public  used  to  be  illegal  but  now  they  were  able  to  dance  and  listen  to  jaz z   -­‐a  cultural  shift  in  the  1920 s   -­‐over  500  municipalities  aka  cities  that  said  women  couldn’t  be  in  public  alon e   -­‐this  happened  in  the  1900s   -­‐in  the  1920s,  those  rules  were  gone  and  there  were  no  restrictions  on  their  behavio r       Cultural  changes   -­‐a  period  of  time  where  Jazz  becomes  a  national  languag e   -­‐jazz  started  in  Harlem   -­‐the  emergence  of  jazz  as  an  artistic  cultural  form   -­‐most  famous  jazz  ppl  were  Af  A m   -­‐Jazz  became  an  African  and  European  combo  of  musi c   -­‐jazz  became  worldwide       Radio:  its  emergence   -­‐happens  in  the  1920s   -­‐1920s  has  the  first  license  radio  statio n   -­‐the  development  of  radio  and  tv  was  a  form  of  communication  and  studied  by  scholar s   -­‐radio  had  a  huge  impact  on  Am  lives   -­‐film,  didn’t  have  the  same  impact  as  radio,  ppl  enjoyed  the  comed y   -­‐ppl  who  listened  to  the  radio,  stayed  in  their  home s   -­‐cultural  change  was  that  they  spent  time  inside  the  house  instead  of  outside   -­‐the  importance  of  family  emerged  in  the  20th  century  because  ppl  stayed  inside  the  house  instead  of   outside  in  the  neighborhoo d   -­‐in  today's  world,  you  hear  about  scripted  drama,  and  they  would  allow  you  to  have  the  s ame  storyline   -­‐the  coming  of  the  radio  and  television  is  seen  as  a  mixed  legac y   -­‐made  ppl  more  interio r   -­‐created  a  language  of  the  ppl  around  the  country   -­‐families  came  closer  together     KDKA,  Pittsburgh,  1920   -­‐KDKA-­‐  first  official  radio  station     -­‐broadcasted  sporting  events… .   -­‐1930s-­‐40%  of  Americans  have  their  own  radio  station       Details     Impact  on  space  and  entertainments  in  the  neighborhoo d     The  Stock  Market  Crash/  Depressio n   Early  origins   -­‐didn’t  happen  over  nigh t   -­‐started  around  1927   -­‐it  didn’t  affect  all  Americans  in  the  same  way   -­‐it  is  one  of  the  more  important  event  sin  the  U S   -­‐a  long  period  of  history   -­‐the  end  of  the  2nd  WW  that  ends  the  depressio n   -­‐historians  have  put  a  lot  of  time  and  research  in  understandin g   -­‐continued  to  write  about     1927:  the  unraveling   -­‐the  depression  begins   -­‐consumer  spending  was  slowing  dow n   -­‐housing  construction  was  going  dow n   -­‐manufacturing  inde x   -­‐keeps  tabs  of  what  was  being  manufacture d   -­‐manufacturing  also  sufferin g   -­‐employment  jumps   -­‐jobs  became  an  issue   -­‐the  stock  market  wasn’t  going  down       Speculation  on  the  stock  market  and  wall  stree t   -­‐stock  market-­‐became  a  symbol  of  the  prosperity  of  the  20 s   -­‐became  symbolic  of  the  wealth  even  tho  about  10%  of  American  households  had  stoc k   -­‐ppl  would  buy  stocks  with  loan s   -­‐they  would  buy  stocks  with  loans  from  other  companie s   -­‐they  actually  didn’t  have  any  money     Black  Thursday  and  black  Tuesday  in  Oct  192 9   -­‐a  mini  crash  on  Thursdays   -­‐28  million  shares  were  trade d   -­‐everyone  panicked  and  frea k   -­‐by  the  end  of  the  day,  ppl  began  to  sell  their  stoc k   -­‐The  value  of  all  the  stocks  87  billion  to  50  billio n   -­‐affected  banks-­‐national,  regional…bank s   -­‐no  insurance  protection  for  bank s   -­‐if  the  bank  goes  under,  you  no  longer  have  access  to  your  mone y   -­‐banks  were  failing   -­‐ppl  had  no  options   -­‐because  of  the  difficulties  fo  the  stock  market,  ppl  began  to  kill  themselve s     Larger  issues  and  analysis   -­‐consumption   -­‐ppl  weren't  buying  as  many  thing s   -­‐Marriage  rates  fall s   -­‐divorce  rate  fall   -­‐ppl  couldn’t  afford  to  pay  divorce  lawyer s   -­‐No  money  for  legal  expens e   -­‐birth  rates  fall   -­‐the  beginning  of  the  crisis  of  confidenc e   -­‐the  banks  to  agriculture   -­‐agricultural  prices  went  u p   -­‐farmers  go  bankrupt   -­‐farmers   -­‐farmers  used  to  borrow  money  from  the  bank  and  after  selling  all  their  crops  they  would  be  able  to  pay   the  banks  back  and  live  off  the  rest  of  the  mone y   -­‐becomes  a  cycle  that  couldn’t  be  stoppe d   -­‐production  of  food   -­‐lack  of  food  and  substance   -­‐lack  of  crops   -­‐ppl  retrench-­‐  ppl  begin  to  save  their  money  instead  of  putting  it  into  the  bank s   -­‐ppl  began  to  keep  their  money  at  home.  Not  spending  any  mone y   -­‐when  money  is  not  being  circulated,  it  affects  the  econom y   -­‐Herbert  Hoover   -­‐a  republican  who  was  popular  when  he  was  electe d   -­‐wasn’t  ready  to  handle  the  depressio n   -­‐didn’t  have  the  political  ability  to  push  the  Americans  thru  the  depressio n     The  Depression     Social  economic  and  cultural  impac t     Herbert  hoover  and  his  rul e   -­‐several  historians  says  hoover  becomes  a  scape  goa t   -­‐it  wasn’t  his  policies  that  caused  the  depression  but  the  way  he  handled  the  depressio n   -­‐he  wasn’t  sympathetic  about  the  situatio n   -­‐made  him  seem  ill  informed  about  what  as  going  on  in  his  countr y   -­‐didn’t  like  talking  to  the  American  ppl     -­‐tone  deaf  about  his  comments   -­‐bailed  out  banks,  businesses,  owners,  but  left  the  individual  Americans  to  deal  with  themselve s   -­‐"cold  hearted  president"     Demographic  shift  in  depressio n     Coming  of  Hoovervilles  and  their  importance   -­‐Hoovervilles:  towns  developed  by  ppl  made  out  of  the  cheapest  material s   -­‐makeshift  shelter s   -­‐blamed  hoover  for  making  the  crappy  living  place s   -­‐creates  institutional  poverty   -­‐ppl  get  stuck  in  for  long  periods  of  time  and  can't  leave  from  the  institutional  poverty       Election  of  1932     This  is  a  pivotal  election  in  AM  political  histor y   -­‐the  governor  of  NY   -­‐economic  relief  programs-­‐  helping  ppl  in  the  margin s   -­‐helped  during  the  recessio n     Hoover  vs  franklin  Delano  Roosevel t   -­‐franklin  was  a  democratic  president   -­‐FDR  winns  dramatically   -­‐the  beginning  of  a  dominance  of  20  years  for  democrats  in  the  next  20  yr s     From  NY  important  and  powerful  famil y   -­‐marries  a  cousin -­‐  Eleanor  Roosevelt  (niece  of  teddy  Roosevelt )     Details     Victory  for  FDR   -­‐democrats  win  the  presidency  for  a  long  period  of  tim e     Final  thought  on  the  totality  of  the  Depressio n     Franklin  Roosevelt  (FDR)   -­‐elected  4  times  in  succession   -­‐from  the  same  family  as  teddy  Roosevel t   -­‐married  cousin   -­‐connection  to  TKM   -­‐reference  in  the  novel  where  during  the  democratic  conventio n   -­‐the  only  thing  we  have  to  fear  is  fear  itsel f     The  Depression   -­‐a  12  year  phenomenon  '29 -­‐'41   -­‐what  brings  the  US  out  of  depression  is  the  entrance  into  WW 1   -­‐US  supplied  weapons  to  the  allie s   -­‐series  of  programs  that  Roosevelt  pushed -­‐The  New  Deal     The  New  Deal   -­‐pushed  thru  congress   -­‐pushed  a  series  of  programs  that  were  seen  as  radica l   -­‐radical  then…normal  in  today's  society   -­‐FDIC   -­‐one  of  the  programs  part  of  the  New  Dea l   -­‐pushed  in  his  first  ter m   -­‐federal  deposit  insurance  company   -­‐sets  a  minimum  that  the  government  will  deposit  in  the  ban k   -­‐set  a  minimum  that  the  government  will   cover   -­‐ex  when  the  banks  go  bankrup t   -­‐federally  insures  a  fixed  amount  of  money  in  case  something  happens  to  the  ban k   -­‐you  could  put  your  money  in  different  banks  putting  more  money  out  there  for  the  natio n   -­‐SSA   -­‐another  program  from  the  New  Dea l   -­‐accepted  by  most  Americans   -­‐Social  Security  Act   -­‐creates  a  system  where  you  pay  into  the  SSA  while  you  wor k   -­‐earn  credits   -­‐eventually  after  work  over  that  period  of  time,  you  will  get  interes t   -­‐they  give  you  some  amount  of  money  based  on  your  wor k   -­‐if  you  were  old,  and  you  didn’t  have  retirement,  you  had  to  keep  workin g   -­‐created  a  buffer  for  extreme  povert y   -­‐controversial  and  pushed  back  by  political  leader s   -­‐later  accepted   -­‐old  age  pensions   -­‐a  lot  of  the  New  deal  programs  lasted  3 -­‐4  years  during  his  term  and  later  died  ou t   -­‐the  SSA  is  still  used  today   -­‐the  idea  of  the  New  Deal  was  to  get  the  US  out  of  the  depressio n   1. And  attempt  to  kick  start  the  econom y   2. Attempted  to  help  ppl  on  the  margins  of    society   -­‐helped  ppl  who  were  dealing  with  issues  of  povert y   -­‐the  gov  helping  ppl  with  work  securit y   -­‐lot  more  programs  from  the  new  deal   -­‐some  deals  were  a  success,  others  weren' t   -­‐AAA   -­‐Agricultural  adjustment  act   -­‐another  New  Deal  program   -­‐trying  to  get  the  gov  involved  in  farm  industr y   -­‐an  attempt  to  raise  farm  goods -­‐crops   -­‐subsidized  incomes  of  farmers  who  had  larger  land s   -­‐helps  farmers   -­‐evicted  tenant  farmers  and  share  cropper s   -­‐poor  farmers  kicked  out  of  business  and  realized  they  cant  make  a  living  being  a  farme r   -­‐poorer  farmers  relocated  to  the  citie s   -­‐had  an  effect  on  the  Dust  Bow l     Dust  Bowl   -­‐a  period  of  dry  weather   -­‐climate  change   -­‐most  environmental  scholars  say  it  made  the  depression  wors e   -­‐lead  to  the  stock  market  crash…   -­‐winds  blew  the  top  soi l   -­‐the  soil  was  being  swept  away   -­‐affected  a  series  of  states:  Oklahoma,  Texas  Kansas,  Colorad o   -­‐more  than  1  million  farmers  left  their  farm s   -­‐farmers  moved  to  the  west   -­‐created  the  great  migration   -­‐Ex.  Novel  by  John  Steinbeck     -­‐written  at  the  end  of  the  1930 s   -­‐The  Grapes  of  Wrath   -­‐set  partially  in  the  Dust  bowl   -­‐Jod  family's  trip  to  the  west     The  Grapes  of  Wrath   -­‐won  the  Pulitzer  priz e   -­‐themes:     -­‐economic  security   -­‐identity-­‐white  working  class,  Okies:  a  clear  identity  of  a  poor  white  farme r   -­‐migration-­‐movement  and  invention,  immigration,  migration  in  the  U S   -­‐film  made  right  after  the  depression   -­‐created  during  the  Depression   -­‐a  primary  document   -­‐a  source  that  reflects  the  1930   s  


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All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.