HIST173_Ch 11 HIST173
Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
Rise of Fascism and the Beginning of the 2nd World Wa r Mousseline -‐Mousseline: fascist leade r -‐in power longer than Hitler Fascism -‐started in Italy 1930's: Decade of International Crisi s creation of the Luftwaffe eventual targeting of Jews and other ethnic minorities in Germany, such as the Roma (gypsies) -‐WW1 was catastrophi c -‐60-‐70 mill ppl killed in WWI I -‐international crisis -‐series of political insecurities because in the 1920s there was the issues of the depressio n -‐global problems happening because of the depression affecting global market s -‐treaty of Versailles: -‐tried to get it implemented in the U S -‐treaty was ignored -‐Nazi party comes to powe r -‐Hitler is appointed to appositio n -‐his party is put into powe r -‐went against the treaty of Versaille s -‐Luftwaffe: army -‐specific target of races in Germany based on scientific researc h -‐targeting of laws -‐political actions -‐WWII started because of military aggressiveness long term German expansion, taking of Austria in the Anschluss in March 1938, issues in the Sudetenland, area of Czechoslovakia, September 193 8 -‐Anschluss: coming together (German ) -‐Germany and Austria couldn’t be reunite d -‐Austrians could speak German, had similar German tradition s -‐most of the Austrian ppl waved their swastika -‐Sudetenland -‐at the end of WWI at the treat of Versailles, they drew up the boundaries of countries and created a series of countries that were created after WW I -‐ex. Poland -‐created 2 new countries-‐ Yugoslavia and Czechoslovaki a -‐combined the Czechs and Slovaks… to create a new countr y -‐Germany wanted to invade and take back the Sudetenland to be reunited with the 2 new countries because they were taken away from Germany in WW I -‐the French, British and Germans met together in Eunuch and came up with an agreement to give the Sudetenland back to Germany -‐after getting the Sudetenland, Hitler said he wont be aggressive with any other European countr y -‐later goes back on his word and takes Czechoslovaki a -‐Lebensraum: living space -‐all the eastern European country…Hitler wanted to conquer to the East for living space Ramification or Germany's reemergence in Europ e -‐Germany is a power playe r -‐Treaty of Versailles is over, effectiveness is rejecte d -‐the 14 points (part of the treaty)-‐league of nations is gone and has no power -‐no one stopped the German s -‐created a vacuum of power -‐practicing appeasement -‐the French, British and US didn’t do much to stop German y -‐didn’t want to react and go to wa r -‐lead to problems later leading to WWII Nuremberg Party Congresse s Important site for Nazi image -‐creation and myth-‐making -‐created a set of myths about the Nazi project about what was happening in German y -‐Germany tried to sell the idea that they were just trying to move forwar d -‐they wanted to world to accept them -‐didn’t realize their mal inten t -‐held in the city of Nurember g Held at the medieval and iconic "Germany" city of Nurember g -‐German hosted the Olympics and that was how the US and the other Western powers turned a blind eye to the horrible stuff they did Theatricality, scripted, ritualisti c US Position: Engagement or Isolation ? leading Am isolationists…Charles Lindbergh and Joseph Kennedy…but many Americans didn’t want another European war to be involve d -‐scholars ask what happened to the W esterns states to not take actions against Germany? / -‐Charles Lindbergh was part of the America first committe e -‐famous to fly solo over the Atlantic ocea n -‐pushed forward his political ideas about how the US shouldn’t be involved in another wa r -‐How should the US gov respond ? -‐US tried to hold on to an isolation position by not getting involved in the wa r -‐the committee was to convince Americans to not get involved in another war -‐tactics like speech… Joseph Kennedy -‐father of all the Kennedys -‐appointed as an American ambassador in Englan d -‐also wanted the US to be isolate d -‐thought that the Europeans should figure out the problems by themselve s -‐anti engagement during the start of the wa r Persecution of Jews cont., Kristallnacht, Nov 1938, limiting of Jewish immigratio n -‐Kristallnacht: night of the broken glas s -‐the night that the German gov nocked down the windows of small store s -‐the start of outright persecution -‐the minority in Germany realized that their positions weren't going to get any bette r -‐Jews tried to get out of Germany in large number s -‐several states including US that turned away refugee s -‐US created an immigration policy that limited that number of immigrants in the US Large developments: impact and coming of the war…opening analysis and idea s -‐Germany cont. to be aggressive and militaristic -‐moving forward -‐Poland has control over the city of Danzi g -‐controversy with that city -‐cut Germany in 2 sections and the polish corridor is create d -‐Poland was given access to the se a -‐in Danzig there were Germans living there and were now part of Polan d -‐Germany wanted their city bac k -‐allied powers said that if Germany tries to take Poland, the Allies will declare war for military aggression -‐Hitler goes thru with his plan to invade Polan d -‐the British later declare war on German y -‐Sep1 : Germany's invasion -‐Allied Powers: France, Britain, Soviet Union, U S -‐Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japa n -‐war doesn’t begin right away -‐phony war -‐6 month period where nothing happen s -‐during this time there were serious discussions to get the US to enter the war on Allie s Powers -‐US supplying weapons to the Allies being bought by the British and Frenc h -‐In WWII, it was clear that the US could enter on the good side but doesn’t and instead provides weapons -‐war takes off in the spring Apr -‐Jun 1940 -‐Germany invaded Gree ce, Belgium… -‐Germany implements Blitzkrieg (quick attacks ) -‐more successful -‐conquered about 6 countries in a short amount of tim e -‐WWII is a war of mobilit y -‐using the air force in the wa r -‐WWI was different because it was more stationar y -‐WWII made use of the air force -‐tanks were stuck in the mud -‐Dunkirk -‐may 23-‐28 1940:the 5 days that saved the worl d -‐during this time, the British gov was wondering if they were going to figh t -‐for 5 straight days, in the war rooms, they were contemplating whether to fight -‐under the leadership of Winston Churchill, they decided to figh t -‐allowed to push the Germans bac k