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HIST173_Ch 11

by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch 11 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

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Chapter 11 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
dr, Sheridan, lbsu, csulb, hist, hist173, History173, historyaftercivilwar, civil, War, civilwar, CH, 11, Ch11
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 05/02/16
Rise  of  Fascism  and  the  Beginning  of  the  2nd  World  Wa r     Mousseline   -­‐Mousseline:  fascist  leade r   -­‐in  power  longer  than  Hitler     Fascism   -­‐started  in  Italy     1930's:  Decade  of  International  Crisi s     creation  of  the  Luftwaffe  eventual  targeting  of  Jews  and  other  ethnic  minorities  in  Germany,  such  as  the   Roma    (gypsies)   -­‐WW1  was  catastrophi c   -­‐60-­‐70  mill  ppl  killed  in  WWI I   -­‐international  crisis   -­‐series  of  political  insecurities  because  in  the  1920s  there  was  the  issues  of  the  depressio n   -­‐global  problems  happening  because  of  the  depression  affecting  global  market s   -­‐treaty  of  Versailles:   -­‐tried  to  get  it  implemented  in  the  U S   -­‐treaty  was  ignored   -­‐Nazi  party  comes  to  powe r   -­‐Hitler  is  appointed  to  appositio n   -­‐his  party  is  put  into  powe r   -­‐went  against  the  treaty  of  Versaille s   -­‐Luftwaffe:  army   -­‐specific  target  of  races  in  Germany  based  on  scientific  researc h   -­‐targeting  of  laws   -­‐political  actions   -­‐WWII  started  because  of  military  aggressiveness       long  term  German  expansion,  taking  of  Austria    in  the  Anschluss  in  March  1938,  issues  in  the   Sudetenland,  area  of  Czechoslovakia,  September  193 8   -­‐Anschluss:  coming  together  (German )   -­‐Germany  and  Austria  couldn’t  be  reunite d   -­‐Austrians  could  speak  German,  had  similar  German  tradition s   -­‐most  of  the  Austrian  ppl  waved  their  swastika     -­‐Sudetenland   -­‐at  the  end  of  WWI  at  the  treat  of  Versailles,  they  drew  up  the  boundaries  of  countries  and  created  a   series  of  countries  that  were  created  after  WW I   -­‐ex.  Poland     -­‐created  2  new  countries-­‐  Yugoslavia  and  Czechoslovaki a   -­‐combined  the  Czechs  and  Slovaks…  to  create  a  new  countr y   -­‐Germany  wanted  to  invade  and  take  back  the  Sudetenland  to  be  reunited  with  the  2  new  countries   because  they  were  taken  away  from  Germany  in  WW I   -­‐the  French,  British  and  Germans  met  together  in  Eunuch  and  came  up  with  an  agreement  to  give  the   Sudetenland  back  to  Germany   -­‐after  getting  the  Sudetenland,  Hitler  said  he  wont  be  aggressive  with  any  other  European  countr y   -­‐later  goes  back  on  his  word  and  takes  Czechoslovaki a   -­‐Lebensraum:  living  space   -­‐all  the  eastern  European  country…Hitler  wanted  to  conquer  to  the  East  for  living  space     Ramification  or  Germany's  reemergence  in  Europ e   -­‐Germany  is  a  power  playe r   -­‐Treaty  of  Versailles  is  over,  effectiveness  is  rejecte d   -­‐the  14  points  (part  of  the  treaty)-­‐league  of  nations  is  gone  and  has  no  power   -­‐no  one  stopped  the  German s   -­‐created  a  vacuum  of  power   -­‐practicing  appeasement   -­‐the  French,  British  and  US  didn’t  do  much  to  stop  German y   -­‐didn’t  want  to  react  and  go  to  wa r   -­‐lead  to  problems  later  leading  to  WWII       Nuremberg  Party  Congresse s     Important  site  for  Nazi  image -­‐creation  and  myth-­‐making   -­‐created  a  set  of  myths  about  the  Nazi  project  about  what  was  happening  in  German y   -­‐Germany  tried  to  sell  the  idea  that  they  were  just  trying  to  move  forwar d   -­‐they  wanted  to  world  to  accept  them   -­‐didn’t  realize  their  mal  inten t   -­‐held  in  the  city  of  Nurember g     Held  at  the  medieval  and  iconic  "Germany"  city  of  Nurember g   -­‐German  hosted  the  Olympics  and  that  was  how  the  US  and  the  other  Western  powers  turned  a  blind   eye  to  the  horrible  stuff  they   did     Theatricality,  scripted,  ritualisti c       US  Position:  Engagement  or  Isolation ?     leading  Am  isolationists…Charles  Lindbergh  and  Joseph  Kennedy…but  many  Americans  didn’t  want   another  European  war  to  be  involve d   -­‐scholars  ask  what  happened  to  the  W esterns  states  to  not  take  actions  against  Germany? /   -­‐Charles  Lindbergh  was  part  of  the  America  first  committe e   -­‐famous  to  fly  solo  over  the  Atlantic  ocea n   -­‐pushed  forward  his  political  ideas  about  how  the  US  shouldn’t  be  involved  in  another  wa r   -­‐How  should  the  US  gov  respond ?   -­‐US  tried  to  hold  on  to  an  isolation  position  by  not  getting  involved  in  the  wa r   -­‐the  committee  was  to  convince  Americans  to  not  get  involved  in  another  war     -­‐tactics  like  speech…   Joseph  Kennedy   -­‐father  of  all  the  Kennedys   -­‐appointed  as  an  American  ambassador  in  Englan d   -­‐also  wanted  the  US  to  be  isolate d   -­‐thought  that  the  Europeans  should  figure  out  the  problems  by  themselve s   -­‐anti  engagement  during  the  start  of  the  wa r     Persecution  of  Jews  cont.,  Kristallnacht,  Nov  1938,  limiting  of  Jewish  immigratio n   -­‐Kristallnacht:  night  of  the  broken  glas s   -­‐the  night  that  the  German  gov  nocked  down  the  windows  of  small  store s   -­‐the  start  of  outright  persecution   -­‐the  minority  in  Germany  realized  that  their  positions  weren't  going  to  get  any  bette r   -­‐Jews  tried  to  get  out  of  Germany  in  large  number s   -­‐several  states  including  US  that  turned  away  refugee s   -­‐US  created  an  immigration  policy  that  limited  that  number  of  immigrants  in  the  US     Large  developments:  impact  and  coming  of  the  war…opening  analysis  and  idea s   -­‐Germany  cont.  to  be  aggressive  and  militaristic -­‐moving  forward   -­‐Poland  has  control  over  the  city  of  Danzi g   -­‐controversy  with  that  city   -­‐cut  Germany  in  2  sections  and  the   polish  corridor  is  create d   -­‐Poland  was  given  access  to  the  se a   -­‐in  Danzig  there  were  Germans  living  there  and  were  now  part  of  Polan d   -­‐Germany  wanted  their  city  bac k   -­‐allied  powers  said  that  if  Germany  tries  to  take  Poland,  the  Allies  will  declare  war  for  military   aggression   -­‐Hitler  goes  thru  with  his  plan  to  invade  Polan d   -­‐the  British  later  declare  war  on  German y   -­‐Sep1  :  Germany's  invasion     -­‐Allied  Powers:  France,  Britain,  Soviet  Union,  U S   -­‐Axis  Powers:  Germany,  Italy,  Japa n   -­‐war  doesn’t  begin  right  away -­‐phony  war   -­‐6  month  period  where  nothing  happen s   -­‐during  this  time  there  were  serious  discussions  to  get  the  US  to  enter  the  war  on  Allie s  Powers   -­‐US  supplying  weapons  to  the  Allies  being  bought  by  the  British  and  Frenc h   -­‐In  WWII,  it  was  clear  that  the  US  could  enter  on  the  good  side  but  doesn’t  and  instead  provides   weapons   -­‐war  takes  off  in  the  spring  Apr -­‐Jun  1940   -­‐Germany  invaded  Gree ce,  Belgium…   -­‐Germany  implements  Blitzkrieg  (quick  attacks )   -­‐more  successful   -­‐conquered  about  6  countries  in  a  short  amount  of  tim e   -­‐WWII  is  a  war  of  mobilit y   -­‐using  the  air  force  in  the  wa r   -­‐WWI  was  different  because  it  was  more  stationar y   -­‐WWII  made  use  of  the  air  force   -­‐tanks  were  stuck  in  the  mud   -­‐Dunkirk   -­‐may  23-­‐28  1940:the  5  days  that  saved  the  worl d   -­‐during  this  time,  the  British  gov  was  wondering  if  they  were  going  to  figh t   -­‐for  5  straight  days,  in  the  war  rooms,  they  were  contemplating   whether  to  fight   -­‐under  the  leadership  of  Winston  Churchill,  they  decided  to  figh t   -­‐allowed  to  push  the  Germans  bac k    


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