HIST173_Ch 6 HIST173
Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
Popular in History
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
Turn of the Century: Theodore Roosevelt Roosevelt Emerges 1858-‐1919 Leader of republican party -‐eventually becomes part of the Progressive party -‐has influence Held a variety of roles, important & dramatic individual, activist, reformer -‐a writer, politician, explorer, soldier, one of the most powerful president -‐one of the most powerful presi dent because of the publicity he had -‐literally a cowboy and had the cowboy image -‐comes from a rich family -‐narratarized by the press -‐teddy bear -‐not president-‐did things outside the norm of a normal president -‐he is crucial to understanding the presidency as it is established in the 20th century Biography and Background Born in NYC -‐Dutch background Comes from prominent Roosevelt family, which has to major sections to it, details -‐owned the hardware business, and had an importing business -‐for almost of the 19th century, they were democrats -‐1 strand of family were democrats -‐Teddy Roosevelt became republican Roosevelt as a child -‐grows up in wealth -‐witnessed Lincoln's fun eral perception, saw the casket as it passed by in NYC -‐sick as a child -‐had severe asthma -‐had to sleep sitting up because of all his breathing illnesses -‐for a majority of his life he was sick -‐as he grew up he was bullied by ppl his age and he was sick of being bullied so he took up boxing -‐travels the world with his family -‐educated by a set of private tutors -‐strong in geography, history, and several languages, had issues in math Harvard, Columbia and first marriage to Alice Lee -‐Goes to Harvard -‐his father dies and teddy becomes the head of the family -‐after he graduates he tried going into the war -‐doctor told him he was too weak to join the military -‐joined Columbia Law school -‐eventually decided that he didn’t like law school and drops out -‐he decided to enter into public life -‐his first push into politics didn’t go well -‐gets married at a young age -‐Alice Lee -‐well matched -‐came from a southern family -‐had a daughter with teddy -‐in the days after child birth, she dies -‐dies on the same day as Teddy's mother Tragedy and response -‐Teddy has a huge mental breakdown -‐torn up, emotionally distraught -‐decides to leave his daughter with his relatives -‐decides to live in the west -‐bought 2 sets of ranches and basically learns to be a cowboy Roosevelt in the West Heading West in the 1880s -‐first major president who spends time in the Am West Life in the Badlands -‐comes into contact with the Rough Riders -‐some were Af Am, Latino backgrounds Effect on his beliefs -‐the fact that his wife dies changes him as a person Connection to Western values -‐living in the west made him see things differently -‐understood different things Return to the East, new family 2nd marriage, return to the East -‐lives in Sagamore Hill -‐marries his childhood sweetheart -‐Edith -‐hey go on a honeymoon to Europe -‐he told her that he was going to try and go hiking in France in Mt. Blanc -‐end up having a successful marriage w/ 6 children "political career" -‐tried becoming a mayor but ends up in 3rd place -‐decides that he needs to change his life Governor of NY -‐runs for office and becomes governor of NY -‐did things that were irritating -‐tried to get rid of machine politics -‐upset business leaders and the republican party Role as a rough rider, Spanish Am war -‐happened while he was governor Becoming VP under McKinley -‐political bosses though that making him VP would give him no power and wanted to end his career -‐"speak softly and carry a big stick" -‐…"and you will go far." -‐4 days after he said those words, in buffalo, McKinley is shot Assassination of McKinley by Leon Czolgosz; writing career -‐Leon -‐anti government -‐assassinates McKinley -‐McKinley lives but later dies -‐Roosevelt hears the news, and finds out that the President is fine -‐Roosevelt goes on a camping trip with his family because he thought the president was ok -‐finds out that the President is about to die, get a telegram that the president is dead and that he is now the president Assuming the Presidency The presidency Trustbuster -‐tried to create a series of antitrust corporations that tried to break up large corporations -‐he is going to transform the branch of US history -‐transition of regulation of the states to regulation of the federal gov Federal regulation, creation of the ICC -‐ICC-‐interstate commerce commission -‐regulating when goods were transported from one state to the other -‐the state never used to have control over that -‐with the ICC, the fed gov could regulate what happens -‐the companies had to have a uniform system of accounting -‐they had to had standardized reports -‐the companies couldn’t just do whatever they wanted -‐if they didn’t follow their rules, the could be brought to court Role of the muckrakers; Upton Sinclair -‐investigative journalist -‐a new reporter who was trying to create exposees -‐tried to rake up the muck-‐and see what they could find -‐Upton Sinclair-‐popular -‐writes a novel called the jungle -‐described the nature of the meat packaging companies Pure food an drug act and meat Inspection Act of 1906, issues of reform -‐2 acts because of the meat industry -‐before: drugs at the pharmacy didn’t have to have any labels -‐no rules on labels -‐after: all medicine had to be labeled clearly with a list of ingredients, effects of drugs, list of ingredients -‐food act -‐mandated sanitary places -‐basic sanitary conditions -‐this was the first time that these rules were coming from the Executive branch The forest service (1905); federal gov forest lands -‐in the west -‐the US needed Forests -‐Roosevelt created the US national park systems -‐set aside millions of acres to create the national park system -‐set up national refugees -‐created separate areas of separate interests Roosevelt and John Muir, other issues, conservationists issues -‐John Muir-‐conservationist -‐created the sierra club -‐they talk about changing the lands into a more conservation place 8hr workdays. Stock market regulations -‐implemented 8hr workdays, anything over is overtime -‐attempted to create regulation laws for the stock market -‐raised income taxes -‐created inheritance tax before they gave something to their children or grandchildren Shifts and changes, the press room, establishing the white house press room -‐able to handle the media -‐knew how to talk to them -‐played the media ppl -‐talked to the media and was chummy with them -‐created the white house press room -‐where the press would sit while he made speeches Larger significance -‐uses his youth to be seen as masculine -‐all the gilded age presidents weren't focused on expanding the executive branch -‐shifts the balance of power to the executive branch -‐creates the idea of what the 20th century president should be like -‐dynamic leader in the white house -‐a person who could create action and change -‐causes changes to presidents after him like Woodrow Wilson -‐a shift of a limited executive branch to a more active role -‐transformed the power structure of the US