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HIST173_Ch 4

by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch 4 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

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Chapter 4 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
CH, 4, Ch4, chapter4, hist, hist173, History173, Sheridan, dr, lbsu, csulb
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 05/02/16
The  Gilded  Age,  New  York  Society,  The  Age  of  Innocence     The  Gilded  Age   -­‐an  age  of  reaction   -­‐only  1  civil  war  in  US  history   -­‐age  of  transformation   -­‐old  money  and  new  money     age  between  1870-­‐90   -­‐should  the  gov  intervene  and  regulate  their  relations  between  capital?   -­‐should  the  gov  regulate  the  railroad  prices?   -­‐regulating  services?   -­‐buying  a  newspaper,  sending  a  telegraph   -­‐what  should  be  done  abut  the  growing  disparity  about  the  rich  and  the  poor     describes  a  period  of  expansion,  of  excess   -­‐huge  concentration  of  power  and  wealth     -­‐industrial    and  financiers  kind  of  ppl   -­‐almost  have  unlimited  power   -­‐given  unlimited  power   -­‐a  bunch  of  presidents  who  were  corrupted  and  useless   -­‐before  the  unions,  they  were  able  to  fire  and  hire  ppl  without  cause   -­‐Financiers  could  break  other  ppl  by  policies   -­‐could  create  laws  that  affected  other  ppl  negatively   -­‐held  the  economic  fate  in  their  hands     connection  to  industrial  growth     Major  financiers;  Cornelius  Vanderbilt.  Andrew  Carnegie,  john  D  Rockef eller   -­‐3  major  families   -­‐Carnegie   -­‐Scottish   -­‐poor  Scottish  family   -­‐immigrant  and  comes  to  Am   -­‐makes  his  money  in  a  variety  of  ways   -­‐created  a  furnace  that  could  cultivate  coal  faster   -­‐becomes  one  of  the=wealthiest  immigrants  in  a  short  per  of  time   -­‐interested  in  philanthropy   -­‐creates  public  libraries  and  public  foundations   -­‐steal  an  coal   -­‐Rockefeller   -­‐oil  company   -­‐started  his  family  in  Cleveland   -­‐standard  oil  can  common  and  they  owned  90%  of  that  oil   -­‐moved  their  base  from  Cleveland  to  HY   -­‐still  an  influential  family  and  wealthy   -­‐set  up  education  and  medical  things   -­‐Vanderbilt   -­‐steamship  and  railroads   -­‐last  of  the  financiers   -­‐educated   -­‐builds  up  fortune   -­‐builds  some  of  the  most  powerful  institutions   -­‐loves  spending  money  on  houses  in  NY  and  a  town  for  old  money  ppl   -­‐  Newport,  Rhode  Island   -­‐cottages  were  built  -­‐  aka  mansions     Details     Corruption,  name  comes  from  the  novel  by  Mark  Twain,  the  Gilded  Age   -­‐talked  about  problems  during  the  gilded  age   -­‐what  happened  during  the  depression   -­‐asked  questions  about  big  business   -­‐issues  about  depression     The  Gilded  Age  (cont.)     Larger  Themes   -­‐large  issues   -­‐excess-­‐over  the  top  issues  related  to  issues  and  income   -­‐lack  of  equality  during  the  gilded  age   -­‐how  can  we  engage  with  it  concepts   -­‐analysis  and  issues     Edith  Jones    Wharton     -­‐1862-­‐1937   -­‐early  life  and  family  story   -­‐American  novelist   -­‐in  her  teenage  yrs  during  the  time  the  book  took  place   -­‐presented  herself  to  larger  society  like  a  debutant   -­‐born  to  wealthy  families   -­‐comes  from  an  aristocratic  family   -­‐old  money  kind  of  family     -­‐marriage  issues  and  uncertainty   -­‐married  to  a  guy  who  was  from  Boston  ,  12  years  older  than  her   -­‐a  gentlemen,  of  the  gentlemen  class   -­‐came  from  the  same  social  backgrounds   -­‐loved  travel   -­‐high  hopes  of  their  marriage  from  the  beginning   -­‐not  an  intellectual  match  for  the  guy   -­‐Edith  was  interested  in  deep  issues   -­‐life  fell  apart  in  her  mid  20s   -­‐he  spent  less  time  with  her  and  had  affairs  with  younger  women   -­‐Edith  became  unhappy  in  the  time  they  were  married   -­‐she  had  a  nervous  breakdown,  and  went  to  a  mental  hospital   -­‐applied,  and  attempts  to  get  a  divorce       -­‐spent  time  abroad     -­‐writing  career     -­‐her  book     -­‐the  mount   -­‐left  NY  and  built  an  estate   -­‐In  Lennox   -­‐this  is  where  she  begins  her  writing   -­‐book:  the  House  of  Myrths   -­‐est  herself  as  a  writer  and  literary  thinker   -­‐lives  in  France     -­‐life  in  France   -­‐helped  with  soldiers   -­‐right  after  WW1,  she  became  interested  about  writing  a  novel  about  her  youth   -­‐worked  as  a  charity  worker   -­‐something  about  living  in  France  made  her  want  to  write  a  novel     -­‐The  knickerbockers   -­‐families  that  settled  in  NY  society  Manhattan  island   -­‐wealthy  families   -­‐Dutch  or  English  families   -­‐elite  ppl   -­‐certain  values   -­‐ideas  that  lead  their  lives       The  Age  of  Innocence     Wharton's  most  famous  book   -­‐after  WW1  is  over   -­‐Samuel  Ward  McAllister-­‐the  person  who  kept  the  rules,  observed  NY  society   -­‐kept  NY  goin   -­‐a  federal  judge   -­‐lived  with  the  knickerbockers   -­‐focused  on  being  famous   -­‐in  the  book-­‐Laurence  Lefferts  and  Sillerton  Jackson   -­‐"the  400"-­‐  the  most  important  ppl  who  mattered  I  NY  were  the  ppl  who  fit  in  the  ballroom  or  the   wealthy  ppl   -­‐there  were  only  400  ppl  who  could  fit  into  the  Astor  family's  ballroom   -­‐1883-­‐when  the  Mrs.  Caroline  Astor  had  to  acknowledge  a  family   -­‐a  old  family  having  to  acknowledge  a  new  family     written  and  published  in  1920   -­‐successful  book   -­‐set  in  the  1870s  but  written  in  the  1920s     wins  the  Pulitzer  Prize,  first  time  a  women  ever  won  the  award   -­‐the  highest  prize  for  a  book   -­‐won  by  a  woman     written  in  Paris,  looking  back  on  NY,  and  looking  back  almost  50  yrs     THEMES:  wealth,  money,  class,  which  aren't  the  same  thing,  gender,  distinction,  codes  of  behavior,   emotional  restriction,  work  and  labor,  internal  life   -­‐Wealth:  manifested  in  different  ways  shapes  and  form   -­‐Money:   -­‐class:  how  class  can  be  exhibited  by  the  way  food  is  served,  what  you  wore   -­‐the  families  in  the  book  could  live  off  their  inheritance  money   -­‐you  were  looked  down  on  if  you  work   -­‐women  would  never  work   -­‐the  fact  that  Archer  wanted  to  work  after  getting  married  was  a  stand  against  the  system   -­‐gender:  gender  roles   -­‐how  a  man  and  woman  should  act   -­‐can  be  limiting,  suffocating   -­‐not  just  restricting  for  women  but  also  men   -­‐limits  men  in  a  different  way   -­‐distinction-­‐what  kind  of  flowers  did  you  have,  the  paintings  in  your  house   -­‐behavior:  what  was  appropriate   -­‐flirting  in  public   -­‐limiting  to  the  way  yo  act  outside  the  codes  of  behavior   -­‐emotional  restriction:  cants  say  what  you  think   -­‐how  could  you  emotionally  connect  with  other  ppl   -­‐work  and  labor:  what  do  you  have  to  be  concerned  about  if  you  don’t  work   -­‐Edith  (writer)  had  that  problem  and  her  husband  didn’t  have  the  same  feeling      


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