HIST173_Ch 4 HIST173
Long Beach State
Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present
Popular in History
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
The Gilded Age, New York Society, The Age of Innocence The Gilded Age -‐an age of reaction -‐only 1 civil war in US history -‐age of transformation -‐old money and new money age between 1870-‐90 -‐should the gov intervene and regulate their relations between capital? -‐should the gov regulate the railroad prices? -‐regulating services? -‐buying a newspaper, sending a telegraph -‐what should be done abut the growing disparity about the rich and the poor describes a period of expansion, of excess -‐huge concentration of power and wealth -‐industrial and financiers kind of ppl -‐almost have unlimited power -‐given unlimited power -‐a bunch of presidents who were corrupted and useless -‐before the unions, they were able to fire and hire ppl without cause -‐Financiers could break other ppl by policies -‐could create laws that affected other ppl negatively -‐held the economic fate in their hands connection to industrial growth Major financiers; Cornelius Vanderbilt. Andrew Carnegie, john D Rockef eller -‐3 major families -‐Carnegie -‐Scottish -‐poor Scottish family -‐immigrant and comes to Am -‐makes his money in a variety of ways -‐created a furnace that could cultivate coal faster -‐becomes one of the=wealthiest immigrants in a short per of time -‐interested in philanthropy -‐creates public libraries and public foundations -‐steal an coal -‐Rockefeller -‐oil company -‐started his family in Cleveland -‐standard oil can common and they owned 90% of that oil -‐moved their base from Cleveland to HY -‐still an influential family and wealthy -‐set up education and medical things -‐Vanderbilt -‐steamship and railroads -‐last of the financiers -‐educated -‐builds up fortune -‐builds some of the most powerful institutions -‐loves spending money on houses in NY and a town for old money ppl -‐ Newport, Rhode Island -‐cottages were built -‐ aka mansions Details Corruption, name comes from the novel by Mark Twain, the Gilded Age -‐talked about problems during the gilded age -‐what happened during the depression -‐asked questions about big business -‐issues about depression The Gilded Age (cont.) Larger Themes -‐large issues -‐excess-‐over the top issues related to issues and income -‐lack of equality during the gilded age -‐how can we engage with it concepts -‐analysis and issues Edith Jones Wharton -‐1862-‐1937 -‐early life and family story -‐American novelist -‐in her teenage yrs during the time the book took place -‐presented herself to larger society like a debutant -‐born to wealthy families -‐comes from an aristocratic family -‐old money kind of family -‐marriage issues and uncertainty -‐married to a guy who was from Boston , 12 years older than her -‐a gentlemen, of the gentlemen class -‐came from the same social backgrounds -‐loved travel -‐high hopes of their marriage from the beginning -‐not an intellectual match for the guy -‐Edith was interested in deep issues -‐life fell apart in her mid 20s -‐he spent less time with her and had affairs with younger women -‐Edith became unhappy in the time they were married -‐she had a nervous breakdown, and went to a mental hospital -‐applied, and attempts to get a divorce -‐spent time abroad -‐writing career -‐her book -‐the mount -‐left NY and built an estate -‐In Lennox -‐this is where she begins her writing -‐book: the House of Myrths -‐est herself as a writer and literary thinker -‐lives in France -‐life in France -‐helped with soldiers -‐right after WW1, she became interested about writing a novel about her youth -‐worked as a charity worker -‐something about living in France made her want to write a novel -‐The knickerbockers -‐families that settled in NY society Manhattan island -‐wealthy families -‐Dutch or English families -‐elite ppl -‐certain values -‐ideas that lead their lives The Age of Innocence Wharton's most famous book -‐after WW1 is over -‐Samuel Ward McAllister-‐the person who kept the rules, observed NY society -‐kept NY goin -‐a federal judge -‐lived with the knickerbockers -‐focused on being famous -‐in the book-‐Laurence Lefferts and Sillerton Jackson -‐"the 400"-‐ the most important ppl who mattered I NY were the ppl who fit in the ballroom or the wealthy ppl -‐there were only 400 ppl who could fit into the Astor family's ballroom -‐1883-‐when the Mrs. Caroline Astor had to acknowledge a family -‐a old family having to acknowledge a new family written and published in 1920 -‐successful book -‐set in the 1870s but written in the 1920s wins the Pulitzer Prize, first time a women ever won the award -‐the highest prize for a book -‐won by a woman written in Paris, looking back on NY, and looking back almost 50 yrs THEMES: wealth, money, class, which aren't the same thing, gender, distinction, codes of behavior, emotional restriction, work and labor, internal life -‐Wealth: manifested in different ways shapes and form -‐Money: -‐class: how class can be exhibited by the way food is served, what you wore -‐the families in the book could live off their inheritance money -‐you were looked down on if you work -‐women would never work -‐the fact that Archer wanted to work after getting married was a stand against the system -‐gender: gender roles -‐how a man and woman should act -‐can be limiting, suffocating -‐not just restricting for women but also men -‐limits men in a different way -‐distinction-‐what kind of flowers did you have, the paintings in your house -‐behavior: what was appropriate -‐flirting in public -‐limiting to the way yo act outside the codes of behavior -‐emotional restriction: cants say what you think -‐how could you emotionally connect with other ppl -‐work and labor: what do you have to be concerned about if you don’t work -‐Edith (writer) had that problem and her husband didn’t have the same feeling