New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HIST173_Ch 2

by: Doris M

HIST173_Ch 2 HIST173

Doris M
Long Beach State
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

chapter 2 notes
U.S. History 1865-Present
Dr. Sheridan
Class Notes
ch2, CH, 2, chapter2, hist173, History173, hist, 173, dr, Sheridan, drsheridan, lbsu, csulb
25 ?




Popular in U.S. History 1865-Present

Popular in History

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Doris M on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST173 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Sheridan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1865-Present in History at California State University Long Beach.

Similar to HIST173 at Long Beach State


Reviews for HIST173_Ch 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 05/02/16
The  American  West  1850-­‐1890     Map  of  the  US   -­‐Oregon  territory,  Mississippi  territory,  Utah  territory,  and  states   -­‐unorganized  territory:  the  middle  of  the  US     The  West   conflict  and  removal   -­‐transformation   -­‐the  Native  Americans  moved  around  and  even tually  forced  out  in  concentrated  areas     inhabitants  and  culture;  Native  Am   -­‐some  Nat.  Am.  Don’t  use  war  paint  and  they  were  depicted  a  certain  way  because  of  Americans   -­‐some  tribes  were  nomadic,  moved  around,  others  stayed  in  place   -­‐some  are  peaceful  and  were  never  aggressive,  some  were  war  like   -­‐variety  of  living   -­‐their  lives  were  different  from  Euro -­‐Am  culture   -­‐most  of  the  tribal  groups  were  small  and  were  mostly  lived  in  kinships   -­‐the  avg  tribe  had  about  300-­‐500  ppl     -­‐the  well  being  of  the  entire  community  outweighed  the  needs  of  the  individual   -­‐live  communal  lives,  and  economically  there  wrnt  large  economic  gaps   -­‐they  promoted  communal  decision  making,  a  council  to  make  decisions,  tribal  councils   -­‐had  a  reverence  for  nature,  and  the  natural  world   -­‐the  natural  world  ordered  their  lives   Ex.  The  flow  of  the  seasons  affected  their  life  ways     -­‐diversity  in  land,  and  culture   -­‐not  all  americans  existed  in  the  exact  same  way,  lived  in  different  areas   -­‐different  environments,  different  challeng es     -­‐US's  interest  and  issues   -­‐US  were  content  to  letting  the  Nat  Am  do  what  they  want  and  roam  on  the  West   -­‐Nat  Am  living  on  the  east  were  moved  to  the  west   -­‐after  the  gold  rush  in  1849,  ppl  wanted  settle  and  make  money   -­‐the  west  became  a  place  where  ppl  wanted  to  stay,  ppl  became  interested  in  the  west   -­‐the  US  gov  made  laws  regarding  the  West     -­‐policy  of  concentration,  1851   -­‐policy  made  by  the  Us   -­‐pushed  forwards  b  officials   -­‐a  series  of  policies  similar  to  treaties   -­‐it  limited  the  boundaries  where  the  Nat  Am  can  live,  hunt,  and  where  they  can  roam  about   -­‐the  idea  of  concentrating  the  Nat  Am  started  to  come  about     -­‐Sioux,  crows,  Cheyenne   -­‐Sioux   -­‐limited  to  the  Dakotas   -­‐crows   -­‐limited  in  the  Montana   -­‐Cheyenne   -­‐the  rocky  mountains   -­‐taught  how  to  farm  like  white  Am.   -­‐changed  the  Am  experience  for  the  Nat  Am   -­‐the  US  claimed  the  treaties  were  inviolate  (can  not  be  changed,  to  be  forever)     -­‐larger  significance  and  analysis   -­‐changed  1000s  of  years  of  hunting,  traditions  and  living  patte rns   -­‐set  up  future  conflict  and  later  a  full  scale  war  btwn  Nat  tribal  groups  and  white  Am   -­‐set  up  the  precedent  to  limiting  Nat  Am  to  smaller  areas     -­‐war,  conflict  removal  and  change  of  life  cycles,  patterns  of  migration,  buffalo   -­‐4  decades  of  war  and  conflict   -­‐conflicts  undermined  the  existing  cultures  of  the  Nat.  Ams  in  the  west   -­‐more  Am  were  killed  in  the  wars  than  did  the  Nat.  Am   -­‐white  Am.  Brought  diseases  with  them   -­‐ex.  measles,  smallpox   -­‐their  way  of  life  changes   -­‐the  Nat  Am  had  access  to  alcohol  brought  by  white  traders  and  introduced  into  their  culture   -­‐alcoholism   -­‐railroads:  laid  down  on  western  landscapes   -­‐creation  of  railroads  had  effects  on  Nat  Am.  Migrations   -­‐buffalos  were  effected   -­‐the  whole  industry  of  killing  buffalos  (the  b uchary  of  the  bison)   -­‐the  butchery  of  the  bison  also  affect  the  Nat.  Am   -­‐the  majority  of  buffalo  had  disappeared  from  the  plains  within  15  years     SIOUX:  test-­‐case   -­‐the  signed  a  treaty  the  treaty  of  ft  laramie   -­‐pushed  to  the  Dakotas   -­‐one  are  of  the  dakotas  known  as  the  Black  hills   -­‐treaty  of  Ft.  Laramie,  1868     Colonel  George  Armstrong  Custer   -­‐leads  Am  troops  into  the  Paha  Saha  and  they  put  pressure  on  the  Nat  Am   -­‐Am  forced  the  Nat  Am  hands,  bu  the  Nat  Am  didn’t  agree     Paha  Saha,  Black  Hills   -­‐one  of  the  more  sacred  lands  that  the  Sioux  had  access  to   -­‐the  Am  settlers  had  no  rights  in  the  Black  Hills   -­‐in  1870,  the  Am  gov  spread  a  false  rumor  that  there  were  gold  deposits  there  in  the  black  hills   -­‐a  rush  of  settlers  wanted  to  go  to  the  black  hil ls  and  leads  to  a  conflict     Battle  of  Little  Big  Horn,  present  day  Montana,  June  1876   -­‐lead  by  Colonel  Custer   -­‐Custer  arrives  at  Little  Big  Horn  and  thought  it  was  going  to  be  a  small  group  but  when  he  comes   around  the  corner  of  the  mountain,  there  wer e  12,000  Sioux  and  Cheyenne,  that  their  camp  extended  3   miles   -­‐The  US  had  600  soldiers     Crazy  Horse  and  Sitting  Bull -­‐Sioux  leaders   -­‐Crazy  Horse  was  a  leader  and  he  made  it  his  wish  to  kil  the  commander  and  kills  Custer   -­‐250  Am  soldiers  were  killed   -­‐victory  for  the  Nat.  Am.   Sitting  Bull-­‐another  leader,  older,  reflective,  medicine  man   -­‐US  military  had  to  regroup   -­‐after  the  war,  the  unity  of  the  Nat.  Am  broke   -­‐the  Sioux  had  to  split  in  different  bands   -­‐Sitting  bull  almost  gets  captured  but  escapes  i n  Canada   -­‐crazy  horse  and  his  men  are  surrounded  and  surrenders     NEZ  PERCE:  to  the  West   -­‐Am  North  west  Nat  Am     Chief  Joseph   -­‐leader  of  the  NEZ  PERCE     US  army  in  chase  of  the  tribe  to  Bear  Paw  Mountain;  removal  to  Oklahoma   -­‐pursued  by  the  US   -­‐75  straight  days   -­‐traveled  13,000  miles  as  a  tribe  of  600  ppl   -­‐fought  off  the  army  at  times,  fought  back,  gained  distance,  as  they  are  a  few  miles  to  the  Canadian   border,  they  are  captured  and  forced  to  surrender   -­‐chief  Joseph  "Here  me  my  chiefs,  I  am  tire d,  my  heart  is  sick  and  sad.  From  where  the  sun  now  stands,  I   will  fight  no  more  forever"   -­‐captured  and  shipped  to  Oklahoma   -­‐some  didn’t  make  it  to  Oklahoma     1871:  change  in  US  policy   -­‐political  sovereignty(control  of  their  own  land)  whittled  away   -­‐in  1871,  the  congress  changed  their  policy  and  said  they  would  no  longer  make  treaties  with  the  Nat   Am.   -­‐by  1872,  congress  abandoned  making  treaties  with  the  Nat  Am.   -­‐after  1871,  there  were  no  Nat.  Am…  because  the  US  wouldn’t  make  treaties  with  them     1887:  Dawes  Severalty  Act,  long  term  significance   -­‐an  act  passed  by  congress   -­‐attempted  to  end  the  policies  of  concentration   -­‐policies  of  concentration  had  been  around  for  about  30yrs   -­‐the  act  basically  distributed  land  to  the  Nat.  Am   -­‐an  attempt  to  give  nat  Am  to  live  there  permanently   -­‐in  order  to  get  the  land,  they  had  to  sever  their  own  attachment  to  their  tribe   -­‐the  goal  was  to  bring  Nat  Am  to  structures  of  living  similar  to  White  Am.   -­‐pushed  them  to  be  farmers,  property  owners   -­‐Am  was  trying  to  bring  the  Nat  Am  lands  to  be  used  by  White  Am   -­‐undermined  the  Indian  tribal  life  because  it  tried  to  get  them  to  be  farmers  like  Euro  Am.   -­‐Nat.  Am  didn’t  know  how  to  irrigate,  or  how  to  be  property  owners   -­‐the  Us  tried  to  take  more  and  more  of  the  Nat.  Am  lands   -­‐ex.  Nat  Am  had  access  to  155  million  acres  of  land,  20  years  later,  1900,  they  had  78  million  acres     Wounded  Knee,  1890   -­‐Nat  Am  lands  had  been  reduced   -­‐S.  Dakota   -­‐there  had  been  a  series  of  revivals  of  Nat.  Am  groups,  and  felt  like  somethi ng  was  going  to  happen   -­‐Nat  Am  felt  like  their  20  yrs  f  suffering  was  going  to  end   -­‐the  did  a  ghost  dance  that  they  believed  if  they  did,  their  ancestors  would  come  back  to  life   -­‐they  believed  if  they  did  the  dance  enough,  they  believed  it  would  create   enough  spiritual  activity  and   the  White  Am.  Would  leave   -­‐it  was  a  last  desperation   -­‐the  US  officials  see  all  the  dancing  and  they  worried  and  thought  it  could  be  a  revolt   -­‐the  US  got  on  edge  and  there  was  a  dramatic  shoot  out  at  the  place  called  Wounded  Knee   -­‐The  Us  am.  open  fired  on  Nat.  Am.,  shot  at  with  a  machine  gun  which  was  a  new  gun  at  that  time   -­‐Nat  Am  decided  not  to  fight  back  and  just  decided  to  live  on  their  small  areas     Final  straw'  question  of  assimilation     The  West  part  2     Those  who  came  west?  Why?  Who  were  they?  What  did  they  have  in  common?   -­‐1870s-­‐new  settlement  and  migration  opened  up   -­‐lot  of  them  were  farmers  from  east  coast  and  Midwest   -­‐freed  slaves,  or  newly  freed  from  the  south   -­‐new  poor  immigrants  from  E.  Europe   -­‐stayed  in  NY  for  a  while  but  ended  up  moving   -­‐they  were  looking  for  land,  ownership  of  land   -­‐they  were  also  looking  for  economic  opportunities   -­‐they  were  drawn  to  Am  because  of  Ads     -­‐the  railroad  had  just  been  laid  and  so  there  was  a  way  for  ppl  to  get  out  to  the  west   -­‐"land  rushes"  took  place  through  the  1870s  and  1880s     Boomers  and  Sooners   -­‐land  rushes  where  there  was  a  certain  amount  of  land  where  a  person  could  claim  their  land   -­‐in  1889,  100,000  ppl  made  their  way  to  Oklahoma  City     -­‐land  boomers-­‐those  who  wanted  the  farm   -­‐they  shot  off  a  cannon  that  claimed  that  the  and  was  open  and  ppl  tried  to  gain  land   -­‐opened  up  2  million  acres  to  the  ppl   -­‐some  ppl  cheated-­‐the  Sooners   -­‐the  sooners  had  snuck  away  from  Oklahoma  city  and  they  had  already  claimed   the  land   -­‐the  last  great  land  rush     William  F.  Cody,  "Buffalo  Bill"   -­‐ppl  wanted  to  make  the  west  romantic     -­‐buffalo  bill  made  the  west  seem  like  the  west  was  a  beautiful  place   -­‐he  had  fought  off  various  ppl  already  living  out  there   -­‐he  fought  off  Nat  Am   -­‐he  saved  women  in  distress   -­‐Buffalo  bill  didn’t  do  any  of  those  things  but  he  was  brave  and  charismatic   -­‐he  brought  order  to  the  west       Edward  Judson,  novelist   -­‐wrote  about  Buffalo  Bill  and  made  him  seem  larger  than  life   -­‐made  him  seen  as  the   most  important  person  in  the  west   -­‐makes  Buffalo  bill  an  icon   -­‐trope-­‐ideas  that  become  facts,  Edward  made  ppl  believe  his  ideas  from  his  books   -­‐the  west  is  this  mythical  place  of  opportunity   -­‐in  the  west,  good  trumps  evil,  good  always  win   -­‐good  guys  were  Am  settlers   -­‐a  place  of  adventure   -­‐a  place  where  all  Indians  hunted  Bison   -­‐romance  adventure,  excitement   -­‐the  reality  was  that  in  the  Am  West,  it  was  a  place  of  conquest  largely  by  Euro  culture   -­‐a  place  of  unchecked  exploitation   -­‐the  complexity  was  much  more  real   -­‐the  west  wasn’t  tamed   -­‐conquest  and  exploitation     Myths  and  romantic  association;  larger  truths     "Wild  West  and  Rocky  Mountain  and  Prairie  Exhibition  Show",  entertainment'  larger  symbolism   -­‐a  show  created  by  Buffalo  Bill  and  becam e  the  most  popular  form  of  entertainment  in  the  US   -­‐where  /Buffalo  traded  and  where  he  was  good  with  his  gun   -­‐ppl  would  come  for  miles  to  see  the  show   -­‐it  was  such  a  popular  show  and  went  on  tour  thru  out  the  world   -­‐they  made  so  much  money  on  the  east  coast  and  around  the  world   -­‐the  show  becomes  a  world  wide  phenomenon   -­‐it  talked  and  created  a  culture  for  the  ppl  on  the  prairie     -­‐presentations,  stories,  a  form  of  commercial,  commodity -­‐something  that  can  be  taken  in  by  white   settlers  on  the  plain   -­‐at  the  end  of  the  show  they  would  re  enact  Custer's  last  stand   -­‐Sitting  Bull  -­‐  Sioux  leader  was  hired  for  the  show        


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.