Soc M138-suicide terrorism`
Soc M138-suicide terrorism` Sociology M138
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology M138 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Timmermans in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Death, suicide and trauma in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
5/2/16 ● Suicide terrorism ○ A violent attack in which the attacker expects to die in the processno signs of mental illness in the attacker (voluntarily) ○ Increase of suicide bombings between the 1980’s2015: 75% in pakistan, afghanistan and iraq ■ 4800 suicide attacks ■ 40 countries ■ 4500 deaths ○ Consequences for noncompliance ■ Beaten, family is attacked ○ Shared features of suicides ■ Bombers are weaker than opponents ■ Political goals increase communal support ■ Strong loyalty to comrades, devoted to leaders ■ “Initiated” by a group ■ Violence: Group is attempting to occupy power by gaining supporter; coerce opponents ○ 3 kinds of terrorism ■ Demonstrative: tell about suicide bombing before it takes place ■ Destructivekills millions of people ■ Suicidesymbolic in the sacrifice ○ History ■ Jewish zealots are first to use this tactic with the goal of liberating Judea from the Romans and beginning a revolution against them ■ Kamikazegoal is to settle a negotiation with the US ○ Modern suicide terrorism ■ Picked up as a tool of political coercion as a struggle for freedom ○ Social logic ■ Bombers initiated by national identity ○ Community support ■ Suicide bombers are celebrated through public commemoration (gratify) ■ Martyrdom accepted into traditional religion ○ Suicide terrorism a religious act? ■ Paype: suicide terrorism is used as a strategic act/for political reasons ● To get occupiers out of their territory ■ Findings to support this theory: ● In 7/13 cases, target states change political goals after incident ○ Altruistic suicide ■ Excessive integration ■ Suicide out of duty ■ Evidence: suicide in teams not suicide pact ○ Main message: 5/2/16 ■ Suicide terrorism is argued by Payne to be initiated for political reasons, bombers have to be convinced that it is the right thing to do through glorification of suicide bombers, initiation, strong communal ties etc. “brainwash”???
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