Intro to Sociology: Environment and Society
Intro to Sociology: Environment and Society Introduction to Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Chang on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Introduction to Sociology at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Jeremiah Bohr in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Social Sciences at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
1 Introduction to Sociology SOC 101 (Section 002C) *** Notes from class lectures Environment and Society Environmental Sociology o Studies the interaction between society and the natural environment, including social causes of environmental problems o What does it mean to think about the environment sociologically? o Material Natural resources Waste Living space o Cultural Social meanings Social values What predicts pro-environmental attitudes? o Age* o Gender o Race* o Income* o Education o Political orientation* Theoretical Perspectives Perspective Relationship between Environment and Society Functionalism Social stability dependent upon environmental sustainability. Problems in one prompt change in the other. Conflict Theory Basic conflict between social group interests in society and material resources in the environment. Environmental impacts primarily hurt low social strata. Symbolic Interaction Immediate social relationships may override pro-environmental values. Environmental impacts result from 2 how we structure incentives in our social and economic roles. Concentric Zones o Example of functionalism o Communities viewed as series of concentric circles (“zones”) Each defines relationship to nature differently Interdependent The “Treadmill” Metaphor o Conflict theory o Treadmill of Production Economic growth dependent upon environmental degradation If we drop “running” on the treadmill of resource extraction, coalitions of politicians, industry, and workers will fall apart Triple Bottom Line o Symbolic interaction example o Re-defines rationality and performance Not restricted to economic gain, but social and environmental responsibility Environmental Behavior o Another example of symbolic interaction o Concern-Behavior Gap Pro-environmental attitudes don’t always lead to pro- environmental behavior “Want to” does not always lead to “will do” o Another example of symbolic interaction Concern-Behavior Gap Why? o Norms – do we feel the need to conform within our social networks? (visualizing behavior is very effective) o Role conflict – incompatible demands from different social roles lead to polluting behaviors o Consciousness – impacts often invisible, built into routine habits
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