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Chapter 23 Key Terms (Quiz 6)

by: Fox

Chapter 23 Key Terms (Quiz 6) HY 104

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all key terms from ch 23
History 104 -
Dr. Frederickson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fox on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Frederickson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views.


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Date Created: 05/02/16
Chapter 23 Key Terms 1 Containment - the US committed itself to preventing any further expansion of Soviet power 2 Long Telegram - famous 1946 telegram sent from Moscow by American diplomat George Kennan in which he advised the Truman administration that the Soviets couldn't be dealt with as a normal gov't a Communist ideology drove them to try to expand their power throughout the world and only the US could stop them b This telegram laid the foundation for containment 2 "Iron Curtain" Speech - Winston Churchill (Britain's former wartime PM) declared that an "iron curtain" had descended across Europe, partitioning the free West from the communist East a … 2 Truman Doctrine - Congress granted $400 million in military aid to Greece and Turkey; his rhetoric in the speech suggested that the US had assumed a permanent global responsibility; it set a precedent for American assistance to anticommunist regimes throughout the world, no matter how undemocratic, and for the creation of a set of global military alliances directed against the Soviet Union 3 Marshall Plan - pledged the US to contribute billions of dollars to finance the economic recovery of Europe; aimed to combat the idea that capitalism was in decline and communism the wave of the new future a More directed towards preventing hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos than simply containing the communist regime 2 National Security Council - one of several new national security bodies immune from democratic oversight that was created after the Truman Doctrine 3 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) - a deal worked out between the US and 23 other Western nations which proposed to stimulate freer trade among the participants, creating an enormous market for American goods and investment 4 Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) - formed in 1949, the US, Canada, and 10 other western European nations pledged mutual defense against any future Soviet attack, and soon after W Germany became a crucial part of the organization 5 NSC-68 - this 1950 manifesto described the Cold War as an epic struggle between "the idea of freedom" and the "idea of slavery under the grim oligarchy of the Kremlin" a insisted b One of the most important policy statements of the Cold War, it helped to spur a dramatic increase in American military spending 2 Decolonization - liberal Democrats and black leaders urged the Truman administration to take the lead in promoting worldwide decolonization, insisting that a Free World worthy of the name should not include colonies and empires; in 1946, the US granted independence to the Philippines 3 "Militant Liberty" - code name under which national security agencies encouraged Hollywood to produce anticommunist movies and urged that film scripts be changed to remove references to less than praiseworthy aspects of American history, such as Indian removal and racial discrimination 4 Totalitarianism - the term originated in Europe between the world wars to describe fascist Italy and Nazi Germany -- aggressive, ideologically driven states that s a Such states, according to the theory, left no room for individual rights or alternative values and therefor could never change from within b Along with freedom, it was the Cold War's other great mobilizing concept 2 The Fair Deal - Truman's program, which focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans; he called on Congress to increase the minimum wage, enact a program of national health insurance, and expand public housing, Social Security, and aid to education 3 Taft-Hartley Act - passed in 1947 over the president's veto, it sought to reverse some of the gains made by organized labor in the past decade a It authorized the president to suspend strikes by ordering an 80 day "cooling off period", and it banned sympathy strikes and secondary boycotts b Outlawed the closed shop and authorized c Also forced union officials to swear that they were not communists 2 Dixiecrats - a number of southern delegates who soon formed the States' Rights Democratic Party and nominated for president Governor Strom Thurmond of South Carolina; they stood for "individual liberty and freedom, the right of people to govern themselves" 3 Loyalty Review System - established by Truman in 1947 just after the Truman Doctrine, it required gov't employees to demonstrate their patriotism without being allowed to confront accusers or, in some cases, knowing the charges against them; also targeted homos who worked in the gov't a Failed to uncover any cases of espionage b But the gov't dismissed hundreds from their jobs, and thousands resigned rather than submit to investigation 2 Hollywood Ten - a group of "unfriendly witnesses" who refused to answer the House Un-American Activities Committee's (HUAC) questions about their political beliefs or to "name names" on the grounds that the hearings violated the 1st Amendment's guarantees of freedom of speech and political association 3 Army-McCarthy hearings - revealed McCarthy as a bully who browbeat witnesses and made sweeping accusations with no basis in fact 4 Conformity - the new definition of loyalty promoted by the anticommunist crusade which stated that anything other than "uncritical and unquestioning acceptance of America as it is" could now be labeled unpatriotic 5 McCarran-Walter Act - kept immigration quotas based on national origin that Truman's Commission on Immigration had tried to replace with a more flexible system taking into account family reunion, labor needs, and political asylum; also authorized the deportation of immigrants identified as communists, even if they had become citizens


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