Music 15 - Week THree
Music 15 - Week THree
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This 4 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Sunday April 20, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 66 views.
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Date Created: 04/20/14
Music 15 Music Appreciation Week 2 The Composer in the Classical Period 1 Haydn 0 Listening piece 0 Oboe solo 0 Full string orchestra 0 Variations of the same melody 0 Classical Era 17501827 0 SocioEconomic Changes 0 Political transition amp upheaval 0 Early strong aristocratic rulers 0 Later several revolutions I 1775 American Revolution begins I 1789 French Revolution begins 0 Rise of the Public Sphere I CriticalRational debate I Beginning of Industrial Revolution 0 Instruments and cheap music more assessable 0 Arts and Culture in the Classical Era Often called the Age of Reason or Enlightenment Emphasis on rational thought and science Back to Ancient Greek and Rome culture aesthetics ideas Aesthetics of the time valued I Balance and symmetry OOOO I Grace 0 The Classical Style 0 Buildings are very even symmetrical 0 The historical significance of Music in the Classical Era 0 Previous music based on texted or vocal models 0 Rise of instrumental music without reference to words 0 Form becomes very important I Intelligible to attentive audiences I Convey musical meaning without texts using forms 0 Form 0 The design and organization of a musical work based on the repetition contrast and variation found in its overall structure 0 Theme 0 Musical idea used as a basic building block in a composition 0 Motive a short melodic or rhythmic unit a fragment of a them 0 Multimovement Form 0 Three Movements I Fast I Slow Fast 0 Four Movements Fast Slow Dancelike Fast Franz Joseph Haydn 17321809 0 Austrian massive empire 0 1761 Started working for Esterhazy family 0 Very prolific 104 symphonies Many operas String Quartets o Visited London as a celebrity composer in 1790s 0 He put fun things into his conerts Chamber music 0 Ensemble music for small groups with one player per part 0 Designed for intimate setting 0 String Quartet 0 Symphony A type of chamber music ensemble 0 Two violins viola cello 0 An intimate genre Haydn String Quartet Emperor Don t need to know number or all the movements 2nd movement Poco adagio cantabile slow songlike 0 Based on a hymn Haydn wrote for the Austrian Emperor that became the national anthem 0 Instruments switch melodies Form Theme amp variations 0 A A A A Listened to variations of Twinkle Twinkle Little Star in class 0 Large work for orchestra generally in 5 movements 0 Haydn Symphony no 94 Surprise Written for London Second movement 0 Theme and Variations 0 Simple folklike theme for variations 0 Reason for the nickname of the symphony 0 Surprise from the loud sounds that occur through the piece 0 Slow but wakes people up Mozart 0 Raised in Salzburg 0 Touring Europe as a child prodigy keyboard and violin 0 Composed a ton of works as a child 0 In London he was submitted in physical tests to prove that he was a child not a stunted adult 0 Worked for Archbishop of Salzburg tied down Mozart wasn t happy 0 Moved to Vienna to freelance 0 Lots of Works 0 41 Symphonies 0 Many operas 0 Sacred music 0 Died due to unknown causes 0 Mozart genius party animal rebellious The Composer in Society 0 Few courts could afford musical establishments courts slowly kept dissolving 0 Freelance newest form of income 0 Private students 0 Publishing music 0 Giving concerts The forms 0 Sonataallegra form 0 A detailed organizational scheme for a movement of instrumental music 0 Misleading term I Not just in sonatas I Not always allegro tempo Usually in the first movement 0 The Form I Exposition The theme 12 I Development The theme altered I Recapitulation The theme 1 and 2 and the closing theme 0 0 Key Areas I Tonic Key home key I Key transition I Other more distant keys I Tonic Key again 0 Mozart Symphony 41 Jupiter 0 His last symphony summer 1788 0 Grand points towards larger Romantic symphonies I Hence the name 0 Not written for a commission unusual Opera 0 Movement 1 Sonata Form Libretto o The text or script of an opera which a composer sets to music 0 A person who writes a libretto is called a librettist Arias allow for emotional expression Recitative moves the action forward with dialogue Die Zauber ote The Magic Flute O O O O 1791 One of the last works Mozart finished Some spoken dialogue singspiel Librettist Emanuel Schikaneder Symbolism I Both Mozart and Schikaneder were masons I Freemasons had Enlightened views 0 Made the Austrian government antsy I Ideas of brotherhood and freedom Characters don t need to memorize I Tamino a prince I Three ladies servants of the Queen of the Night I Papageno a bird catcher employed by the queen Tamino s sidekick Excerpts from opening of act 1 I Less clear delineation between movements I 1 part Help help I 2nd part Bird catcher
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