Lecture and Recitation Review for IR Final
Lecture and Recitation Review for IR Final PSCI 2223
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caylin Enoch on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2223 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Jaroslav Tir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 05/02/16
Topics: • Security • International Economics • International Organizations and Law • (Not Cumulative) __________________________________________________ Recitation 4/27/16 Review: What is “Peace through Strength”? • Realist strategy • If you’re strong enough, nobody will want to engage in war with you Are there drawbacks to this approach? • Other states can see this as a threat • Could lead to an arms race • Could make it easier for you to get in to a war you weren’t planning on getting in to What is deterrence? • getting a state to NOT do something through the use of threats • They need to believe that you will follow through on your threat (credibility) Are there drawbacks to this approach? • If it fails, you don’t have the first-move advantage • Communicating your credibility, showing them you are wiling and able to follow through on the threat • How do you know if it’s actually working if nothing ever happens? What are the two types of arms control? • Qualitative and Quantitative • Qualitative- controlling the number of guns a country has • Quantitative- controlling or banning the use of a specific weapon by a country (ex. Salt and Start) Are there any drawbacks to arms control? • May be difficult to detect whether or not a country is following the treaty or not • Sort of requires blind faith, hard to monitor • Hard to get an agreement • Power sometimes changes What is the Democratic Peace? • Democratic countries tend to not get in to wars with each other What is the difference between collective security and collective defense? What is the Marxist explanation for war? • The Global North fights wars to exploit the Global South What does Mercantilism Advocate? • Gain the most money so you can gain the most power (Realism) • Export more than import What economic policy does liberalism advocate? • Free trade • What are certain forms of protectionism? o Tarrifs, quotas, subsidies, exchange rate manipulation (undervaluing your own currency), regulatory barriers • Why might a country engage in protectionism? o Protect domestic industries/politics According to Marxism, who trades with whom? • North-North • North-South* What does ISI stand for and what does it advocate for? • Import Substitution Industrialization? • Cut off trade from the North in order to industrialize in the South What is the main alternative to ISI? • Export-led growth What are IGO’s? • International Governmental Organization • Nato, WB, IMF, etc What are NGO’s? • International Non-Governmental Organization • Doctors without Borders, Red Cross, etc. According to liberals, how do IGOs enhance cooperation? • Institutionalize the rules for cooperation and make cooperation easier According to realists, IGO’s don’t work and don’t matter According to Marxists, IGO’s are just another tool for the global north to exploit the global south. What are sources of International Law? • Customs and Treaties • Realists- international law doesn’t matter • Liberals- international law does matter and is important
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