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Chapter 2 (Colonization to the Great Awakening)

by: Julia List

Chapter 2 (Colonization to the Great Awakening) HIST 201 01

Marketplace > California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo > History > HIST 201 01 > Chapter 2 Colonization to the Great Awakening
Julia List
Cal Poly
GPA 3.15

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Chapter 2 of "The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People, Volume 1" by Alan Brinkley lecture notes for History 201. Notes include the origin of slavery in the new world, blacks...
United States History to 1865
Jonathon Wilson
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia List on Monday May 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 201 01 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Jonathon Wilson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.


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Date Created: 05/02/16
Chapter 2: Life in the New World Origins of slavery in the new world  Slavery existed among some tribes prior to European contact  Africans sold other Africans into slavery o In the 1500s due to African Tribal Wars o African wear chiefs often sold captured Africans to Portuguese in exchange for firearms o Portuguese used slaves to work sugar plantations in carribean o Slave labor used by Portuguese in colony in Brazil Blacks in the English New World  Indentured Servants o 4-7 years of service prior to freedom o Whites also in status o First blacks arrived in Virginia (1619) *starving years- 1607-1617  Rise of Chattel (property) slavery based on race o 1640’s men and women of African ancestry lose English rights o By 1690s- slavery is a caste system (hereditary) firmly in place in Virginia Virginia Company’s Settlement at Jamestown  Tobacco (pipe) o Growth  First exported to England in 1617 (unhealthy dependence)  Mid 1630’s – 1mil lbs exported per year  Mid 1660’s – 15mil lbs/year o Indentured servants needed for tobacco fields o Slavery eventually dominatesas demand for tobacco rises and fewer indentured servants working  Political structure o House of burgesses  Local representatives assembly began in 1619  Initially governer chosen by Virginia company  Virginia company’s control over janmestown ends in 1624 as king now appoints governer  ONLY VIRGINIA AT FIRST  Migration to Virginia from England o Laberors desperately needed  50+ acres of farm land offered to any person willing to migrate or pay for passage of others o Social makeup- generally but not always unmarried lower class men under 25 o Briefly single women came to the new world to get married  Anglicanism was official “established church” of England o Seperatists- wanted to remove selves entirely from the church of England o Puritans- wanted to reform the church from within, COE is too catholic Seperatists Come to America  Background o English protestants that separate from Anglican church because church of England had become too similar to roman catholic church’ o Small group of them come to Holland s dutch allowed greater religious freedom o Return to England due to cultural differences o Sail to America in 1620 on the mayflower  Settlement o Plymouth plantation +Plymouth colony established in 1620 o Mayflower compact “agree to loyalty to king james I and English law and custcoms” o Mostly lower to middle class families o Starvation, frewwzing, disease took many lives o Celebrated 1 thanksgiving in spring 1621 o Governer William Bradford recorded events Puritanism comes to Massachusetts Bay  Puritans were English calvinbist protestants who wanted to purify Anglicanism of its catholic elements – desired to stay within church of England  Generally higher socio-economic class than seperatists+ more numerous than seperatists  Major supported of parliament during English civil war -1640s  Puritanism in America o Due to heavy persecution by king Charles I and archbishop laud, Massachusetts bay company organized in 1629 o In 1630, 17 ships (1000) puritans arrive in New England o From 1630- beginning of English civil war (`1642) o Thousands of purtians left England, most came to carribean islands  Massachusetts bay colony o Comprised most of todays MA, NH, Maine  In 1679, new Hampshire separated from MA bay and became a separate colony o Boston became most important city political capitol and commercial center o John Winthrop (1588-1649)  Governor of MA bay colony  Considered puritan settlement in America as a city upon a hill o Eventually Puritans called themselves Congregationalists  No spiritual authority above congregation but __?  Spiritual democracy – no bishops/elders o Early MA bay colonies generally a direct democracy o Not a complete theocracy but a partial one  Tax $supported official congregational church  Ministers prohibited from being governor o Freemen adult church members eligible to vote o Meeting house – church buildings where puritans also gathered for social +political events o Puritans created Americas first public schools o Harvard college- founded by puritans in 1635 and modeled after Cambridge university  In 1691, royal charter revoked- puritans cannot choose own governors o MA bay and Plymouth merge o King selects governors Religious “Heresy” in New England  Roger Williams (1603- 1683) o Minister in Salem who advocated serpation of church and state, religious libery (soul liberty), fairness to Indians o Expelled from MA bay colony + saved by Indians o Rhode island colony  Founded by Williams , providence (1636)  Established 1 Baptist church  Absolute religious freedom- evenb jews o Author of “The bloody tenant of persecution:  Defended religious freedom  Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) o Boston midwife, mother of 13 children o Believed in direct revelation o Accused by Winthrop of anti nomianism  Doctrine of grace supercedes importance of doctrine of works o Banished from mass bay in 1638- moved to rhode island o Puritans prohibited free religious expression hut especially disliked Baptists, quakers, r catholics


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