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NOTES: 4. 25- 4. 28.pdf

by: Alex Phillips

NOTES: 4. 25- 4. 28.pdf History 1020

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > History 1020 > NOTES 4 25 4 28 pdf
Alex Phillips
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These are the Notes for Casteel's class from 4.25.16 - 4.28.16
World History II
Cari L Casteel
Class Notes
syria, Egypt, Iran, Zapatistas, Tunisia
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Phillips on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1020 at Auburn University taught by Cari L Casteel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 05/03/16
NOTES 4.25 – 4.28 HIST1020 Professor Casteel TECHNOLOGY AND ITS ROLE IN HISTORY COMPUTERS - computers were originally to be the actual person doing the computing - ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer o 1950 - personal computer – for people o 1977 - why did we start buying computers? o Communicating, planning, access o The internet 1990’s - Why was this important? o It got info everywhere easier - Using the internet as a tool to disseminate NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement: no trade restrictions like tariffs and taxes - USA, Canada, Mexico MEXICAN REVOLUTION 1910-1920 - led by Emiliano Zapata - the goal was to obtain communal land rights for Indigenous people in Mexico - Ejidos definition: the communal land that the indigenous people leased o Mexican Constitution written 1917 CARLOS SALINAS - shift to growing and doing stuff the U.S. would want to get to o grew things that didn’t grow in the U.S. so the U.S. would buy it CHIAPAS - produced most petroleum in Mexico - half of Mexico’s hydroelectric power produced there - lots of coffee - poverty stricken: many people brought in no income and most earn below minimum wage - locals didn’t get much of the profit from oil and coffee exports - Salinas changed part of the constitution that gave indigenous people Ejidos EZLN - Zapatista National Liberation Army o Angry about loss of communal lands o Want to appeal to Salinas to give them some money - Wanted to convict themselves INTERNET AND ZAPATISTAS - posted their declaration on the internet to get the message out Dec 31, 1993 o “first declaration of the Lacandon Jungle” o want to fight against imperialism from North America - Zapatistas want the class division to disappear - Think the govt. should do more to protect the indigenous people and their domestic lives (healthcare, schools, employment, etc.) - Zapatistas took over towns in Chiapas 1994 o Wanted to bring attention to their message o Zapatista military uprising Jan 1-12, 1994 o Only fought back when fired on (usually a non-violent people) o Protested by occupying people’s homes and buildings o All wore same face mask –demonstrating not wanting a class separation - Maintain anonymity during the revolution so they can not single out any one person or their family - Subcomandante Marcos: leader - Cease fire on Jan 12 o The Zapatistas still fought for their beliefs after this - New president of Mexico elected – Ernesto Zedillo 1994-2000 o Wanted peace REVOLUTION - Zapatistas wants a bill that spelled out rights of Indigenous people o Held a march to Mexico City on March 2001 - Zapatistas opposed free trade - Revolution fought over the internet o Social media used o New battleground? ARAB SPRING 2010- 20-- - protests in N. Africa and Middle East against regimes that were cruel - remember the Autumn of Nations TUNISIA - where Arab Spring started - President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali (24 years ruling) o Bullied residents and used police - Mohamed Bouazizi December 2010 o Military officer beat him and took his fruit cart which was his only way to make money for he and his family o Bouazizi lit himself on fire in front of the police station that would not allow him to take his fruit stand back  This would usually go unnoticed but technology made it to where people videoed it and put it on social media - This incident is what started the protests o Police fired on the crowds - Ben Ali and wife flee to Saudi Arabia 2011 after resigning - Started the other nations to revolt EGYPT - President Hosni Mubarak (30 years ruling) - Harsh - Large population of young people that have had Mubarak as their president their whole lives o Ready for a change - Khaled Said beaten to death for possession of a video of officials taking bribes (June 6, 2010) - A Facebook page was made to show the violence going on - A young woman made a YouTube video to tell about a protests she plans th o Jan 25 thousands showed up at Tahrir Square o Also national police day - Censorship becomes ramped o Internet cites blocked b/c people trying to got pictures of what is really happening in Egypt out to the world o Facebook, YouTube, etc. not blocked and used to get info out about general conditions in the area and protests that will be happening - Mubarak resigns and police take control Feb 11 o Revolution turns violent - #Jan25 was something you could search to find out where things were happening SYRIA - Bashar al-Assad inherited power from his father in 2000 - March 15, 2011 – Daraa o High school students painted graffiti around their school that read “The people want the fall of the regime” o Troops sent in to punish the students - EFFECT: protests happened that looked like the ones going on in Egypt - Propaganda campaign saying the protestors were terrorists - Members of Syrian Army defected and formed Free Syrian Army o Started with 7 and more joined o They didn’t want to fire on their own people - Iran sent people to help fight protestors - Civil War broke out b/w rebels and people who supported Assad MEANWHILE IN NORTHERN SYRIA - Kurds = a group in N. Syria who wanted their own country - Saw the Civil War as a way to make that happen so they joined in the war - Kurds and Rebels both against Assad but not on the same side WHO HELPED THE REBELS - countries with oil helped rebels - 2013 it becomes obvious that Assad is using chemical weapons against his people o this grabbed the attention of the world - the USA had to do something o Obama ordered air strikes against Assad o Doesn’t say they are for the rebels but not against them either - Russia sent aid to Assad o Others say is it a way to re-start the Cold War o Russia says it is to fight the Kurds not the rebels AL QAEDA - The group splinters in 2014 - Islamic State of Iraq and Syria – ISIS ISIS - use Civil War as a reason to gain influence - Helps Assad fight Kurds and rebels - on same side as Assad (Caliphate) - France gets involved to attack ISIS o Bombs ISIS strongholds in Syria - ISIS bombs Paros November 2015 - How to decide who is the worse enemy? o ISIS or Assad? - Syria created a massive refuge crisis AFTERMATH OF ARAB SPRING - ISIS growing - “The Protestor” becomes TIME magazine’s person of the year - using the internet as a weapon


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