NOTES: 4. 25- 4. 28.pdf
NOTES: 4. 25- 4. 28.pdf History 1020
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Phillips on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1020 at Auburn University taught by Cari L Casteel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 05/03/16
NOTES 4.25 – 4.28 HIST1020 Professor Casteel TECHNOLOGY AND ITS ROLE IN HISTORY COMPUTERS - computers were originally to be the actual person doing the computing - ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer o 1950 - personal computer – for people o 1977 - why did we start buying computers? o Communicating, planning, access o The internet 1990’s - Why was this important? o It got info everywhere easier - Using the internet as a tool to disseminate NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement: no trade restrictions like tariffs and taxes - USA, Canada, Mexico MEXICAN REVOLUTION 1910-1920 - led by Emiliano Zapata - the goal was to obtain communal land rights for Indigenous people in Mexico - Ejidos definition: the communal land that the indigenous people leased o Mexican Constitution written 1917 CARLOS SALINAS - shift to growing and doing stuff the U.S. would want to get to o grew things that didn’t grow in the U.S. so the U.S. would buy it CHIAPAS - produced most petroleum in Mexico - half of Mexico’s hydroelectric power produced there - lots of coffee - poverty stricken: many people brought in no income and most earn below minimum wage - locals didn’t get much of the profit from oil and coffee exports - Salinas changed part of the constitution that gave indigenous people Ejidos EZLN - Zapatista National Liberation Army o Angry about loss of communal lands o Want to appeal to Salinas to give them some money - Wanted to convict themselves INTERNET AND ZAPATISTAS - posted their declaration on the internet to get the message out Dec 31, 1993 o “first declaration of the Lacandon Jungle” o want to fight against imperialism from North America - Zapatistas want the class division to disappear - Think the govt. should do more to protect the indigenous people and their domestic lives (healthcare, schools, employment, etc.) - Zapatistas took over towns in Chiapas 1994 o Wanted to bring attention to their message o Zapatista military uprising Jan 1-12, 1994 o Only fought back when fired on (usually a non-violent people) o Protested by occupying people’s homes and buildings o All wore same face mask –demonstrating not wanting a class separation - Maintain anonymity during the revolution so they can not single out any one person or their family - Subcomandante Marcos: leader - Cease fire on Jan 12 o The Zapatistas still fought for their beliefs after this - New president of Mexico elected – Ernesto Zedillo 1994-2000 o Wanted peace REVOLUTION - Zapatistas wants a bill that spelled out rights of Indigenous people o Held a march to Mexico City on March 2001 - Zapatistas opposed free trade - Revolution fought over the internet o Social media used o New battleground? ARAB SPRING 2010- 20-- - protests in N. Africa and Middle East against regimes that were cruel - remember the Autumn of Nations TUNISIA - where Arab Spring started - President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali (24 years ruling) o Bullied residents and used police - Mohamed Bouazizi December 2010 o Military officer beat him and took his fruit cart which was his only way to make money for he and his family o Bouazizi lit himself on fire in front of the police station that would not allow him to take his fruit stand back This would usually go unnoticed but technology made it to where people videoed it and put it on social media - This incident is what started the protests o Police fired on the crowds - Ben Ali and wife flee to Saudi Arabia 2011 after resigning - Started the other nations to revolt EGYPT - President Hosni Mubarak (30 years ruling) - Harsh - Large population of young people that have had Mubarak as their president their whole lives o Ready for a change - Khaled Said beaten to death for possession of a video of officials taking bribes (June 6, 2010) - A Facebook page was made to show the violence going on - A young woman made a YouTube video to tell about a protests she plans th o Jan 25 thousands showed up at Tahrir Square o Also national police day - Censorship becomes ramped o Internet cites blocked b/c people trying to got pictures of what is really happening in Egypt out to the world o Facebook, YouTube, etc. not blocked and used to get info out about general conditions in the area and protests that will be happening - Mubarak resigns and police take control Feb 11 o Revolution turns violent - #Jan25 was something you could search to find out where things were happening SYRIA - Bashar al-Assad inherited power from his father in 2000 - March 15, 2011 – Daraa o High school students painted graffiti around their school that read “The people want the fall of the regime” o Troops sent in to punish the students - EFFECT: protests happened that looked like the ones going on in Egypt - Propaganda campaign saying the protestors were terrorists - Members of Syrian Army defected and formed Free Syrian Army o Started with 7 and more joined o They didn’t want to fire on their own people - Iran sent people to help fight protestors - Civil War broke out b/w rebels and people who supported Assad MEANWHILE IN NORTHERN SYRIA - Kurds = a group in N. Syria who wanted their own country - Saw the Civil War as a way to make that happen so they joined in the war - Kurds and Rebels both against Assad but not on the same side WHO HELPED THE REBELS - countries with oil helped rebels - 2013 it becomes obvious that Assad is using chemical weapons against his people o this grabbed the attention of the world - the USA had to do something o Obama ordered air strikes against Assad o Doesn’t say they are for the rebels but not against them either - Russia sent aid to Assad o Others say is it a way to re-start the Cold War o Russia says it is to fight the Kurds not the rebels AL QAEDA - The group splinters in 2014 - Islamic State of Iraq and Syria – ISIS ISIS - use Civil War as a reason to gain influence - Helps Assad fight Kurds and rebels - on same side as Assad (Caliphate) - France gets involved to attack ISIS o Bombs ISIS strongholds in Syria - ISIS bombs Paros November 2015 - How to decide who is the worse enemy? o ISIS or Assad? - Syria created a massive refuge crisis AFTERMATH OF ARAB SPRING - ISIS growing - “The Protestor” becomes TIME magazine’s person of the year - using the internet as a weapon
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