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History 105 Notes

by: Kendal Larson

History 105 Notes History 104

Kendal Larson


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History notes
History of the United States to 1877
Mr. Gillian
Class Notes
american, history
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendal Larson on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 104 at University of South Carolina Upstate taught by Mr. Gillian in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of the United States to 1877 in History at University of South Carolina Upstate.


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Date Created: 05/03/16
Sarah Osbourne  Accused of witch craft because: o Gained all of inheritance o Rarely attended church Tituba  Slave  Accused of witch craft because: o Told the two young girls stories of enchantment Evolution of Colonial Slaver  Indentured servitude vs. slavery th th  Triangular Trade: 16 century to 19 century  Chattel slavery – Moveable property  In the north: o Slaves taught to read o Slaves were allowed to marry o Better treatment The Great Awakening  1730-1740  Protestants  Starts in Europe and moves to the colonies  Self examination for the average person  Lead to changes in perspective for colonies  Biggest change is interaction between blacks and whites, preachers preached to whites, blacks, and mixed congregations  Some slaves converted to Christianity, story of Moses  Jonathan Edwards o Emphasized the importance and power of a person religious experience o Mr. Hellfire and Brimstone o Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God  George Whitefield o Attracted large crowds o Former actor o Believed everyone is equal in Heaven o People printed his sermons  Samuel Davies o Focused on converting Africans o Believed Africans were just as capable as whites  New Lights – New style preachers  Old Lights – Old style preachers  People started studying the Bible at home, women are main teachers at home for children  Consequences: o Concept of self examination is equated to the idea of self government o New ways of thinking o Self knowledge instead of knowledge being dictated to you The Enlightenment  1600-1700  State of being enlightened through logic and reason  Ancient idea, starts in Europe moves to colonies  Thomas Hobbes o Influenced by ancient philosophers o Leviathan  Social Contract Theory  Consent of the governed o Fundamentals:  Right of the individual  Natural equality of all men  Liberal interpretation of law which leaves people free to do whatever the law does not explicitly forbid  John Locke o Father of classical liberalism o Added life, liberty, property, people can and have the right to revolt against a ruler or government to the social contract o Wrote The Second Treatise on Government – natural rights The Average Person  Revolution of print o Tool of communication o Growth of economies o Sharing of information o Increased literacy o Useful propaganda tool  The Zenger Trial o John Peter Zenger o Was founder and editor of NY Weekly Journal o Published “corrupt” actions of NY governor, William Cosby o Accused of sedition libel - speaking out against the government, whether true or false o Found not guilty o First instance in colonies of free speech and freedom of the press  Salutary Neglect – Policy of British not enforcing laws that are meant to keep colonies loyal to England Wars of Empire  Four Wars o King William’s War  War of the Grand Alliance o Queen Anne’s War  War of Spanish Succession o King George’s War  War of Austrian Succession o French and Indian War  Seven Year’s War England  Close to France  Advantages o Large population o Industrial Revolution o Sound economy and strong Navy (hired mercenaries)  Disadvantages o Lacking cooperation o Number of Indian allies in North America o Interested more in European affairs than North America France  Advantages o Used to land wars, rather than Naval o Better army on land o Forts were solid and sturdy o Strong Indian relations  Disadvantages o Population size was smaller o Rural, was all agriculture o Focused on European affairs King William’s War  “War of the Grand Alliance”  New England and Iroquois Confederacy  New France and Wabanaki Confederacy  Fur trade, Wabanaki invade Iroquois for fur, get back at them  Eye for an eye  Battle of Port Royal – Capitol of New France, Acadia, is captured  Battle of Quebec – massacres by New France, New Englanders enraged. Quebec is captured, then Montreal by New England  Outcomes: o War would be long o No tactical or territorial gains by either side o Promotion of fear Queen Anne’s War  “War of Spanish Succession”  For control of North America  Three front war  Spanish Florida o Apalachee massacre  Colonists invade Spanish Florida, missions destroyed, people who were captured were sent to West Indies as slaves  New England o Deerfield Massacre  Invasion of French troops, survivors are taken captive  Newfoundland o St. John’s Island


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