Final Image Review Guide
Final Image Review Guide HI 1073
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This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clara Wimberly on Tuesday May 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1073 at Mississippi State University taught by Alison Greene in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 174 views. For similar materials see Modern US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 05/03/16
IMAGE REVIEW GUIDE FINAL The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibited employment and educational discrimination, helped make it possible for women to go into professional fields, the Pill also played a significant role. With almost 100% fertility control, women were able to postpone having children or space births to pursue a career or a degree that had never been possible prior to the Pill. A generation earlier, Margaret Sanger and Katharine McCormick, the "mothers" of the Pill, had insisted that female control of contraception was nothing less than a precondition of the emancipation of women. Since women disproportionately bore the burden of pregnancy and child rearing, they believed women should have a contraceptive they alone controlled. To achieve their goal, they enlisted the help of scientists and physicians. In creating the Pill, the two elderly activists ushered in what one historian called "the contraceptive mentality" the belief in the right of a woman to control her own fertility. In October of 1966, in Oakland California, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party for SelfDefense. The Panthers practiced militant selfdefense of minority communities against the U.S. government, and fought to establish revolutionary socialism through mass organizing and community based programs. The party was one of the first organizations in U.S. history to militantly struggle for ethnic minority and working class emancipation — a party whose agenda was the revolutionary establishment of real economic, social, and political equality across gender and color lines. Watergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a breakin at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted coverup of its involvement. When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the U.S. Congress, the Nixon administration's resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis. The scandal led to the discovery of multiple abuses of power by the Nixon administration, articles of impeachment, and the resignation of Nixon as President of the United States in August 1974. The scandal also resulted in the indictment of 69 people, with trials or pleas resulting in 25 being found guilty and incarcerated, many of whom were Nixon's top administration officials. The affair began with the arrest of five men for breaking and entering into the DNC headquarters at the Watergate complex on Saturday, June 17, 1972. The FBI investigated and discovered a connection between cash found on the burglars and a slush fund used by the Committee for the ReElection of the President (CRP), the official organization of Nixon's campaign.In July 1973, evidence mounted against the President's staff, including testimony provided by former staff members in an investigation conducted by the Senate Watergate Committee. The investigation revealed that President Nixon had a taperecording system in his offices and that he had recorded many conversations. President Reagan's economic policies, commonly referred to as "Reaganomics" or supplyside economics, were based on trickledown theory. The idea is that with a lower tax burden and increased investment, business can produce (or supply) more, increasing employment and worker pay. So, you get the picture. The poor people get the rich people’s crappy leftovers. By the early 1970s, American oil consumption–in the form of gasoline and other products–was rising even as domestic oil production was declining, leading to an increasing dependence on oil imported from abroad. Despite this, Americans worried little about a dwindling supply or a spike in prices, and were encouraged in this attitude by policymakers in Washington, who believed that Arab oil exporters couldn’t afford to lose the revenue from the U.S. market. These assumptions were demolished in 1973, when an oil embargo imposed by members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) led to fuel shortages and skyhigh prices throughout much of the decade. In the three frenzied months after the embargo was announced, the price of oil shot from $3 per barrel to $12. After decades of abundant supply and growing consumption, Americans now faced price hikes and fuel shortages, causing lines to form at gasoline stations around the country. Local, state and national leaders called for measures to conserve energy, asking gas stations to close on Sundays and homeowners to refrain from putting up holiday lights on their houses. In addition to causing major problems in the lives of consumers, the energy crisis was a huge blow to the American automotive industry, which had for decades turned out bigger and bigger cars and would now be outpaced by Japanese manufacturers producing smaller and more fuelefficient models. AIDS, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a fatal disease spread by sexual contact, drug use, and transfusions of contaminated blood. AIDS first emerged in the early 1980s. It quickly became epidemic among homosexual men. The gay movement mobilized to promote “safe sex”, prevent discrimination against people suffering from AIDS, and press the federal government to devote greater resources to fighting the disease. By 2000, even though more than 400,000 Americans had died of AIDS, its spread among gays had been sharply curtailed. Desert Storm and Desert Shield cards that became a part of popular culture. The Desert Storm war was sold very much at home through these cards. Many American kids collected them, there were cards for weapons, tanks, and battles. During the war, (Daddy) George Bush, had the highest ever approval rate of 89%, ehich is higher than FDR’s rate during the New Deal. Because of the Free Trade, American workers were being put off, corporate America was feeling pretty good about themselves. Despite the fact that so many U.S. workers were being laid off their jobs because their jobs were being given to workers abroad in factories with slave wages and no workers rights. The Florida election had been closely scrutinized since the election. After the election results were announced, charges were raised that some irregularities favored Bush. Among these was the Palm Beach "butterfly ballot," which some pundits claimed produced an "unexpectedly" large number of votes for thirdparty candidate Pat Buchanan. Conservative opinion commentators countered that the same ballot was successfully used in the 1996 election with no postelection protests. Progressive commentators also claimed that there was a purge from the Florida voting rolls of over 54,000 citizens identified as felons, of whom 54% were African American, and that the majority of these were not felons and should have been eligible to vote under Florida law.(The presumption was that had they been able to express themselves at the polls, their likely choice would have been the Democratic candidate.) Additionally, there were charges that there were many more "overvotes" than usual, especially in predominantly African American precincts in Duval county (Jacksonville), where some 27,000 ballots showed two or more choices for President. Unlike the muchdiscussed Palm Beach County "butterfly ballot", the Duval County ballot spread choices for President over two pages with instructions to "vote on every page" on the bottom of each page.On the other side of the ledger, conservatives and Republicans charged that Democrats had registered noncitizens to vote, deliberately suppressed the overseas military vote, and arbitrarily changed votecounting criteria after the election. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, initially created by Presidential Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1978 and implemented by two Executive Orders on April 1, 1979. The agency's primary purpose is to coordinate the response to a disaster that has occurred in the United States and that overwhelms the resources of local and state authorities. The governor of the state in which the disaster occurs must declare a state of emergency and formally request from the president that FEMA and the federal government respond to the disaster. FEMA also provides these services for territories of the United States, such as Puerto Rico. The only exception to the state's gubernatorial declaration requirement occurs when an emergency and/or disaster takes place on federal property or to a federal asset, for example; the 1995 bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, or the Space Shuttle Columbia in the 2003 returnflight disaster. While ontheground support of disaster recovery efforts is a major part of FEMA's charter, the agency provides state and local governments with experts in specialized fields and funding for rebuilding efforts and relief funds for infrastructure by directing individuals to access low interest loans, in conjunction with the Small Business Administration. In addition to this, FEMA provides funds for training of response personnel throughout the United States and its territories as part of the agency's preparedness effort.
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