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POLS 2312 Finals Review - Test 1

by: M.G

POLS 2312 Finals Review - Test 1 POLS 2312-001

Marketplace > University of Texas at Arlington > POLS 2312-001 > POLS 2312 Finals Review Test 1
GPA 3.85

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About this Document

These notes go over the review of Test 1 for the cumulative final
State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.


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Date Created: 05/04/16
● Legislative Branch  ● Executive Branch  ● Judicial Branch  All branches are important for the separation of powers    “Larry Eats Jello @ 3:45”  Law making, law enforcement, and law interpreting  ● Justice gap for the poor  ○ Those who are poor are more likely to have a court appointed attorney and then  lose their case     ● General law cities  ○ Small  ○ >5000  ○ Same charter  ■ Set by state constitution  ○   ● Home rule cities   ○ Big  ○ 5000+  ○ Own charter  ■ More flexibility  ○ Council Manager  ● Arlington’s new slogan  ○ The american dream city  ● Remember, at­large elections elect the governor and any other citywide positions  ○ At­large is the entire city  ○ 3 at large council members in arlington  ● Single­member districts  ○ A person runs for a single council position in a single district  ○ Allows more minority representation  ● Recall, initiative, and referendum  ○ ONLY in home­rule cities  ○ Lacking in general­law cities  ● Three types of political culture  ■ We are NOT moralistic  ○ Moralistic  ○ Individualistic  ○ Traditionalistic  ● Fastest growing ethnic group is  ○ Latinos  ○ Affects our views on ESL classes and immigration  ● The number 1 industry in Texas is  ○ Service  ● How many juveniles are in the justice system every year?  ○ 100,000  ● Size and diversity of the land is important industry  ○ Oil & gas, agriculture, etc  ● States obtain their powers by the  ○ 10th amendment  ● States have what kind of power?  ○ Reserved powers  ● Texas is on its ___ constitution and it was written in ____?  ○ 7th;1876  ● Local government includes  ○ Cities, counties, ISDs, non­school special districts  ● A constitutional amendment must be approved by what?  ○ 2/3rds of both​ chambers and a simple majority of the population vote  ● Overall summary of the constitution  ○ Article 1  ■ Bill of Rights  ○ Article 2  ■ Separation of Powers  ○ Article 3­5  ■ Branches  ○ Article 6  ■ Sufferage  ● Your right to vote  ● Land­based industries of TX  ○ Cattle, cotton, oil & timber  ● Voter turnout  ○ US ­ Presidential election  ■ 55%  ○ TX ­ Presidential election  ■ 45%  ● Voter registration  ● Socioeconomic status indicators  ● Education  ● Felons  ● Political environment  ○ TX is a RED state, so there is less incentive to vote  ○ TX ­ Gubernatorial (Governor)  ■ 25%  ○ TX ­ Local (Recall, school, etc)  ■ <10%  ● Six Flags  ○ Spain  ○ France(?)  ○ Mexico  ○ Texas  ○ Confederate states  ○ US  ● Voter turnout increased to 13% in 2005 because we banned same­sex marriage  ● TX v White  ○ Can’t secede from the union  ● Colonias  ○ Impoverished areas along the border  ● Local elections are nonpartisan  ● Redistricting  ● Texas has gone from a good old boy system to a more pluralist system  ● The bottom line of everything isfinances  ● 88% of Texans live in a metropolitan area  ● Supremacy clause  ● Power structure  ○ Federal government  ■ Post offices, foreign relations  ○ Concurrent  ■ Education  ○ State  ● Texas has 254 counties  ● Politics is “Who gets what, when, and how”   


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