LAST NOTES BEFORE FINAL
LAST NOTES BEFORE FINAL ANT 349
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nia Gibson on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 349 at Syracuse University taught by C. DeCorse in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 05/04/16
ANT 349 April 27, 2016 Final: Monday May 9,2016 5:157:15 pm Leroy 113 Format the Same Cumulative: Review major concepts and themes review movie and book study guides Think about how movies illustrate (or don't illustrate) aspects of archaeology and archaeological interpretation Extra Credit Opportunities: Study Guide Responses Contemporary articles and reviews Book Reports Pimpernel Smith Leslie Howard Background of real events: Purging of Universities Concentration Camps Smuggling of people out of Germany Archaeology Focus on material culture of societies to determine the lifestyles, history, and culture of those societies “Applies” Anthropology: Cultural Resource Management “CRM” Documentation and salvage of archeological resources mandated by law Managements of archaeological an cultural resources as nonrenewable resource A Changing Profession Traditionally Professors; Museum Curators Majority now work in CRM The Archaeologist Today Increasing number of women more female grad students than male 50/50 or in favor of having more females in the discipline The Vanishing Past: Cultural resources constantly threatened with destruction Natural erosion and decay Building and road construction impacts archaeological sites Looting and vandalism Mitigation Removal or preservation of significant artifacts or historic remains; the impact of development Phases of work theres often different levels of mitigation phase 1: review of site record, literature, surface survey phase 2: evaluation of subsurface remains and site integrity phase 3: mitigation Preservation of sites Human remains exposed during construction of Athens Metro Excavation or ‘salvage’ of archaeological sites Threatened Treasures of the Nile Massive Aswan Dam built 1960s 364 feet high 300 mile log reservoir 100s of Archaeological sites threatened Abu Simbel Massive statues of Ramses II (13011234 BC) Threatened by Ashwan Dam Dismantles and reconstructed above flood waters Coffer Dam Monument cut into pieces (33 tons) Temple reassembles above flood waters CRM in the United States Antiquities Act (1906) Cultural resources part of public record Protects sites on federal lands: felony to damage or remove archaeological or historical resources on government lands. Government assumes responsibility for protecting resources Historic Sites acts of (1935) National policy to identify and protect important archaeological sites soon Federal Land WPA Archaeology National Historic Preservation Act (1966) National Register of Historic Places State and Local Agencies for historic preservation New York: State Historic Preservation Office The Native American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) 1990 Addresses rights of lineal descendants, Indian tribes , and Native Hawaiian organizations to Native American cultural items, including human remains CRM Legislation in the US A mix record Protects sites on federal lands State implementation varies Compares poorly to other developed countries Large areas with many resourcces; Limited funding Managing vast areas such as Mesa Verde challenge Native American Perspectives: Unrecognized by legislation Sacred sites may have little or no physical features Archaeology and Development Archaeologists are employed by developers: Where is their allegiance? The Client? The Public? or The Resource? Today’s Film: Relic Hunter: TV Serial starring Tia Carrere (1999) The Eyes of Toklamanee Mound building tradition eastern United States Not a single culture: represent geographic chronological/divisions Villages and larger population centers Mound Building Traditions Mississippian 1st Century AD important native american cultural tradition occupying the eastern US and it flourished between the 1st century AD to 1500 AD Interstate 270 Bypass St.Louis, Missouri Impacts series of Mississippian Sites (1st Century AD 0 1500 AD)
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