Theatre History II, Week Twelve
Theatre History II, Week Twelve THEA 24200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Levine on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA 24200 at Ithaca College taught by Dr. Chrystyna Dail in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see History of Theatre II in Theater Arts at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 05/04/16
WEEK TWELVE 4.27.16 -In 1884-1885, Africa was split up between Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, and remained as such for decades -Berlin Conference -Indigenous Performance: -Masquerade (in which the spirits enter the human world via the mask) -Dramatic songs/storytelling -Dance -Post-colonial theatre changes -South Africa -Racially heterogeneous -No longer colonized as of apartheid in late 1950s; apartheid ended in 1994 -White, European minority form the National party and rule over South Africa, keeping the country separate and constructing townships -Black theatre in the Western style -Debeza’s Baboons (1927) by G.B. Sinxo is the first play translated into Xhosa language -The Girl Who Killed to Save (1935), written in English and performed by black performers (first black drama published in English in South Africa), by Herbert Dhlomo, about a Xhosa girl saving her tribe -Western: King Kong -Black Consciousness Movement (1960s-70s in South Africa) -Assertion of black cultural identity -Devised theatre (Sizwe Bansi is Dead ; John Kani, Winston Ntshona, and Athol Fugard) -Current: Yael Farber -Nigeria -Most populous African country -Gained independence from Britain in 1960 -Most impressive infrastructure and education post-colonies -Economic surplus from huge oil boom in the 1970s -Increase in university theatre programs -Government funding of arts councils -Now devastated by decline in global oil prices and Boko Haram War -Total Theatre: performed in English, Yoruba, or a combination of languages -Includes masquerade, music, dance, movement, incantation, and dialogue -Addresses social problems through highly stylized means -Wole Soyinka (b. 1934), “greatest living African playwright” -Educated in Nigeria and England -Explores parallel planes of past/present/future, the need for sacrifice, role of artists in society, and Ogun (Yoruba god) -The Strong Breed (1962) -Death and the King’s Horsemen (1975) -Won Nobel Prize for Literature in 1986
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