soc m138 Sociology M138
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology M138 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Timmermans in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Death, suicide and trauma in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 05/04/16
5/4/16 ● Durkheim ○ Social facts should be explained by other social facts ■ Micro causes should be explained by macro causes (society) ○ Suicide cannot be reduced to individual psychology ■ We should not care about the individual at all ■ Focus on macro (greater society) theories ● Other macro sociological theories ○ Ex Henry and short 1954 (Looked at business cycles and suicide/homicide rates) ■ When the economy is good, suicides rates remain low buhomicide rates go up ● Argument: people of lower SES feel left out and may commit crimes ■ When the economy is bad suicide rates go up ■ When the economy goes bad ppl commit suicide ○ Gibbs and martin 1964 ■ If a society has a large number of people with a combination of different statuses, suicides go upwhen the economy is developing and individuals take up several different tasks, suicide increases ● Suicide rates increase when the economy is developing ● The search for social correlates ○ Attempts to find a correlation bw suicide rates and social factors such as those related to integration i.edivorce rates, female labor force participation. Results are inconsistent: antipsychological sociologism, ecological fallacy: wrong inferences are being made from the results/ X and Y are correlated but are not interdependant ○ what is true at the group level isn't true at the individual level ● Makinen 1997social correlates to suicide ○ Exthe effect of country music on suicide: increases suicide bc it's depressing ■ Stack and gundlach themes found in country music foster a suicidal mood among people already at risk ○ X leads to Y and thus are correlated but there is no other relationship bw them. If we control variables such as divorce rates, it looks like there is a correlation but may be actually irrelevant ● Reassessing the correlation bw country music and suicide ○ Cannot replicate the results makinen ○ Country music does not seem to have an effect on suicidal behavior ● Past few decades ○ Sociology has abandoned macro level studies ○ Sociology has focused on how divorce rates increases risk of suicide instead ● Social theoryDistinction bw macro and micro is superficial, we cannot study one or the other ○ Psychological reductionism ■ Study suicide at the micro level ○ Antipsychological ■ Study just the macro level on the individual level 5/4/16 ○ Colemon ■ Study both the micro and macro ● Suicide research ○ Suicide risks: more of an impact on the family, not so much in the workplace ○ Exposure to suicide in the famiy has stronger effects on individuals ○ Exposures to suicide in the workplace has stronger effects on suicide risks ● Key concepts ○ Work after Durkheim has had its ups and downs, positive and also negative ○ Ecological fallacy ○ Methodological individualism ○ Macromicro micromacro ○ Network theories ○ Relevant contexts Summary: I feel like today’s lecture, and the entire gist of this class, is about analyzing and arguing to an extent, against the problems within sociology: that sociology has overemphasized society; rather than the individual. After Durkheim, sociologists were excited because they had their own field of research that distinguished them from psychology, in that sociology focuses solely on societysocial facts should be explained by social facts If sociologists theorize about suicide for instance, their theories should be derived as social causeFor example, Egoistic suicide is caused by low levels of integration within society and not by psychological factors within the individual. The problem with this however, is that through extensive research, sociologist have found research that can be explained by sociological causes and research that cannot. For instance suicide, suicide was explained by Durkheim’s egoistic suicide to be caused by low levels of integration such as within those who are divorced or widowed i.esocially isolated. However, recent research on various cases of suicide have shown that there is and that there isn't a correlation bw suicide and marriage; there are so many other factors that have to be considered. Thus, we are committing the ecological fallacy: the wrong inference is made from our research results (what is true at the group level isn't always true at the individualThus, to draw accurate conclusions, one must focus both on the micro level and the macro level of society (the individual and the larger group), as well as on so many other factors such as ethnicity, education level, levels of poverty etc. → W ork after Durkheim has led to both positive and negative results
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