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by: Drew Galayda


Drew Galayda

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Drew Galayda on Wednesday May 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Kent State University taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 05/04/16
Architecture Notes Zitgase- Age of spirit Sustainable design- do not destroy or deplete natural resources Architecture- art and science of designing and constructing buildings Iconography- shape or form that tells function of building Symbolism- meaning for a building Form v.s. Function- Form follows function, If the function is perfect, then the form will come naturally (looks) Harmony- the shape of one part should “fit” the adjusting shape Proportion- symmetry or fits throughout design Vitruvius- Roman architect who wrote 10 books and believed in three things  Firmness- Can’t fall down, is constantly stable, eq. no rain through the roof  Commodity- Functioning properly, meets needs for what it is built for  Delight- Has to be beautiful, is not architecture if not beautiful Column- Vertical Beam- horizontal Gestalt- how people react to something they see (fills in the gaps) Solid void- you do not know what is space or solid Beauty is the combination of understanding and imagination Lintel- Piece that supports the opening of the door so that the structure above does not cave in The mind organizes data:  Proximity- distance or judgment (how far way)  Simplest- condensing to make things easier  Largest: Size and shape of building  Continuity- Patterns or sequences within buildings The mind seeks order and craves information and seeks deviation Vertical Line means reaching up Horizontal Line means resting Diagonal Line means moving Proportion: relation of the size of the pieces to each other Symmetry: exactly the same on both sides Rhythm: constancy and change of pace Scale: The size of the different parts of the building should be proportional (ratio) Golden ratio (golden section): 1:1.618 (horizontal/vertical) Rough texture: Strong Smooth texture: Hard Ugly: quality that is confusing, ambiguous, no real meaning, and has absence of perceivable pattern Greek v.s Roman Hagia Sophia- mammoth church to prove Christianity Basilica- place where people came to meet for church Axial plan- on an axis and is symmetrical One is called Aspe (side with alter/East) and the Narthex is the other end (entry to building) Transept- cross shaped section of the Basilica Mausoleum- non-axial plan where all of the dimension is the same (center focus) Monastery- high place secluded where people came to practice their beliefs, protected Romanesque (Roman like)- Massive, Small Window, Arches, Pendentive- Design that was to put the circle over a square Renaissance wanted geometric perfection (circle/square) Mannerism- broke rule of having geometric perfection Protestant church protested against the Catholic Church Baroque- oval feature near top (broken arches and sculptures) Absolutism- Differences between the 4 styles of architecture Bottom right picture- Romanesque Romanesque started due to the fall of the Roman empire, birth of Christ What caused Romanesque to disappear? Need for more natural light, safer atmosphere, Church rises to its highest power Top Left- Gothic Gothic- Church is in highest power, pinnacle of church created from the belief of God, more light What caused Gothic to end? Splintering of the church, humanism- Virgin Mary (Notre Dame), and Famine/Plague (Bubonic Plague) Top Right- Renaissance Renaissance- more buildings and cities formed, circle and square of perfect geometry, (Circle=Heaven and Square=Earth) What ended the Renaissance? Mannerism- form and function were fighting each other in the sense of how people created buildings, Absolutism- Kings and Queens had all of the power Bottom left- Baroque Absolutism starts the Baroque period What ends the Baroque period? Rococo- started in Paris and means “the shell”, made the sculptures light in the sense of how a room of appears, nature inspired, visual affect but no structural truth. People got pissed about the monarch. Fall of the Baroque is part of the western civilization to blame. Origins of modernism. Democratic and Commercial Revolution (growth of power in Business), and decrease in power of the church Age of Enlightenment- Revolutionary time Pendentive- so we can put a circle on top of the square Collectivism- many different types of groups Revival- restoration or recreation of something old Purification- clear Romanticism- Beauty and passion


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