Week of May 2nd Notes
Week of May 2nd Notes HIST289V
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by HIST289V on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST289V at University of Maryland - College Park taught by Dr. Howard Smead in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see What Does it Mean to be an American? in History at University of Maryland - College Park.
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Date Created: 05/05/16
5/2/16 Great Society Pros Provided much-needed civil rights legislations Significantly reduced poverty, especially among the elderly Provided environmental, workplace, healthcare, consumer protection legislation, among other things Improved quality of life Extened Civil Rights to minorities Cons Created permanent underclass through welfare Created unwieldy federal bureaucracies Increased the national debt Brought government into the lives of the people Middle class entitlements unnecessary, possibly harmful Failed in its goals, especially the war on poverty America at Mid-Century Economically, militarily, America was at the “summit of the world” New role and place in the world brought change; much of which continues to be unwelcome Transitions into a “Revolution” era End of isolation National Security State – Big government Became a “Global Village” – Technology Immigration reform – nativism American society militarized and “Southernized” with an increased influence from the American South Multi-national corporations, Welfare state, rights revolutions, sexual mores Rights revolution might be the most significant Soaring ‘60’s The decade represented a very prosperous time Unemployment was at 3.5% Economy expanded for 106 months in a row by 1969 If you graduated college, jobs would look for you, rather than you looking for a job 10% graduated college The time represented an era of youth Points of rebellion Racial oppression Civil Rights Protest movements Civil Rights Movement, Student Movement/New Left, Anti-War Movement, Women’s Movement, Gay Rights, among many other issues Societal revolution was sparked by activism within the government, namely the Supreme Court, as well as activism on the streets Segregation was ended after the Supreme Court ruled that “separate is inherently unequal,” referencing the “separate but equal” ruling from Plessy v. Ferguson Chief Justice Earl Warren led the court that came to this ruling and would prove to be a quite progressive justice in the years to come Citizens also took direct action Rosa Parks, Sit-ins, Montgomery Bus Boycot Civil Rights Literally, they are the “rights of a citizen” Built upon Human Rights Examples of a civil right Right to vote, free speech, freedom to worship, freedom of the press, right to privacy, right to marry, etc. Major Legislation during the Civil Rights era Civil Rights Act of 1964 Gave equal access to public accomodations, schools, places of employment Equality of voter registration Officially made blacks citizens th th 14 /15 Amendments had flaws to them Voting Rights Act of 1965 Voided literacy and understanding tests Designated areas for federal supervision 5/4/2016 Black Power Not actually part of the Civil Rights Movement Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael (SNCC) Huey Newton (Black Panthers) The Spread of Civil Rights Berkley Free Speech Movement Clearly influenced by the Civil Rights Movement One of many movements that arose on college campuses Students Left and Right Left: Port Huron Statement (June 1962) “We are the people of this generation, bred in at least modest comfort, housed now in universities, looking uncomfortably to the world we inherit.” “Participatory Democracy” Right: Sharon Statement (September 1960) “In this time of moral and political crises, it is the responsibility of the youth of America to affirm certain eternal truths.” “Liberty is Indivisible” Were concerned more about big government, not necessarily the civil rights movement Women’s Movement Also called “Women’s Liberation” and Second Wave Feminism Betty Friedan “The Feminine Mystique” National Organization for Women Egalitarianism “Redstockings Manifesto” Radical Feminism Boston Marathon Katharine Switzer runs in the marathon, attempting to break down the gender barrier there Gay Rights Movement appears in the summer of 1969 Fights for gay liberation Argues that people should not have to hide their sexual orientation Anti-War Movement Far and away the largest protest in terms of numbers American Indian Movement The Age of Aquarius/Hippies Youthful Rebellion Utopianism Other-directed people trying to regain inner-peace The CounterCulture General Reaction Divided society Some argued that if you loved your country, you must support what it stood for and resist change