Week 12 notes (last full week)
Week 12 notes (last full week) ENGL 221
Popular in British Literature to 1798
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Justine Anne Guevarra
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Flippen on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 221 at Towson University taught by K. Attie in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see British Literature to 1798 in Foreign Language at Towson University.
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Date Created: 05/05/16
Mary Astell’s from Some Reflections Upon Marriage Criticizes marriage: It perpetuates unequal gendered social ideals, so she attempts to dismantle marriage as an illogical and unfair construct Marrying for money: a business deal for men (which they favor from) a. Reminiscent of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales b. “For pray . . . what will she bring? Is the first inquiry” c. Women can only accept or decline an offer of marriage Marrying for love a. Bad if singular or few traits attract attention they fade and men may try to replace wives with other women Criticizes men Selfish Agency: right to pick between choices a. Reminiscent of Adam having Eve made for him (as opposed to Eve not even having a choice) Daniel Defoe’s from Roxanna Man is willing to give Roxanne financial freedom BUT She declares being a wife equates to being a servant without liberty, estate, or authority (culturally imposed) “Woman was indeed a mere woman ever after that is to say, a slave.” “the laws of matrimony puts the power into your hands” (man’s hands) She may have innate freedom (as directed), but she lacks overarching, contingent liberty that must be worked for Man declares she is treated well “She had nothing to do but to be easy” BUT she loses herself in the process and doesn’t have a safety net Autonomy can only come from being single a. “The pretense of affection takes from a woman everything that can be called herself” Controversial end Enlightened male perspective potentially more progress as seen through a wider audience to include more men BUT narrator shows regret from not taking offer from her lover a. Her decision is called “madness” and is seen as vain Mary Wortley Montagu’s “Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband” Submitting to a just, impartial, law of nature vs. traditional social values “Our minds as haughty and our blood as warm” as men men and women should be held on equal ground Eliza Haywood’s Fantomina: Or Love in a Maze 1 Historical/social context Age of curiosity/rise of empiricism Prior: different behavior for different social class distinctions Modern: social experiment / ”modest curiosity” with these norms (the text) New development of professional female writes Haywood’s Female Spectator (newspaper) 2 Style 18 century euphemistic fiction Dashes: a. “The passion he professor for he was not of that humble nature which can be content with distant adorations“ b. “He was bold; he was resolute. She was fearful“ 3 Theme: acting self Never says her real name and acts as others Her identity is ambiguous and the narrator is a blank slate liberty Invites all women to relate to her and thus experience that power VS the acting according to social constructs 4 Theme: public and private life Private Loss of virginity (which is commodified) Fear of social consequences a. “with representing the danger of being exposed” Public Visual reminder/consequence pregnancy Actual values and rules are based solely on social value (NOT latent and physical value) a. “I cannot live, and bear this shame!” – focus on the intangible as opposed to physical baby 5 Theme: gendered double standard (men) General lack of commitment longterm (from lack of excitement) As shown through tiredness of sex with the same woman a. “But he varied not so much from his sex as to be able to prolong desire” No real consequences for this behavior (not true for women) Beauplaisir walks away after finding out the narrator has his child 6 Theme: exploration of female desire Narrator desires to have exciting sex, happens to be with the same man “the most violent passion, if it does not change its object; in time will wither” Frances Burney’s: The Journal and Letters: “Mr. Bartlow’s Proposal” 1 Style Witty, engaging, and authentic dialogue th Influenced great 19 century authors, such as Jane Austen 2 Themes Female agency Power of a woman to refuse a. specifically, to a marriage proposal With social construct in mind a. takes care not to hurt his feelings too much lies that she would rather be single than married
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