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Week 12 Notes

by: Ariel Kamen

Week 12 Notes soci 243

Ariel Kamen

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About this Document

These are the notes we went over this week.
sociology, race, class and gender
Miho Iwata
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Thursday May 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci 243 at Towson University taught by Miho Iwata in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see sociology, race, class and gender in Liberal Arts at Towson University.


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Date Created: 05/05/16
5/3/16                              e and Social Change • “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world;  indeed, it is only the thing that ever has” Margaret Mead • Differences are not problematic, rather it is when the meanings and values applied to those  differences transform them into systems of inequality that such constructs become  problematic • Social change • Positive social change — often involve conflicts in ideologies • Social justice vs civil rights • Social justice    ­ people have options    ­ people are aware of their options    ­ people have the power to act on their options (ability to make their choices reality) • Where does positive social change occur? • Internal context — within ourselves • Interpersonal contexts — interpersonal relationships as a source of leverage in seeking to  transform inequality • Institutional context — both as insiders and outsiders • Coalition building — systems of oppression share similarities — system rather than issue  based focus      ­ systems of stratification interconnect 5/5/16                             Toward A New Vision by Collins • We have little difficulties in assessing our own victimization within system of oppression, we  typically fail to see how our thoughts and actions uphold someone else ’s subordination • There are few PURE victims or oppressors and each one of us derives varying amounts of  penalty and privilege from the multiple system of oppression frame our lives  — once we  realize it, we’ll be in a position to see the need for new ways of thought and action • Individuals are uniquely situated within the system of oppressors where his/her social locations  on multiple axis intersect • We need new visions of what oppression is     ­ we cant just add up or qualitatively measure too much oppression we experience (race +  gender = 2)      ­ we examine our different experiences within the more fundamental relationship of  domination and subordination • We need to change our daily behavior     ­ get rid of assumptions about people based on judgements by category • We need to move away from additive analysis     ­ dichotomous — man/woman thoughts, feelings, etc.     ­ binaries — inevitable become hierarchal order     ­ we occupy many “categories” simultaneously and salience of certain statuses depends on  social circumstances     ­ interlocking nature of oppression • Institutional dimension of oppression • — slavery Example  • The basic structure still remain essentially intact • Who controls your University ’s political economy? • Who fed you, washed dishes and clean the office and libraries? • Symbolic dimensions of oppression • Widespread, societally sanctioned ideologies used to justify relations of domination and  subordination • Use of stereotypical or controlling images • Lists of characteristics for masculine and feminine? Blacks? Hispanics? Black men and black  women? • Black women ’s controlling images • Individual dimensions of oppression  • Systemic relationships of domination and subordination structured through social institutions  such as schools, businesses, hospitals, the work place and government agencies • We all encounter images of these groups and are exposed to the symbolic beginnings attached  to those images  • Our individual biographies vary, and are framed by our belonging to particular sets of social  categories • As a result of our institutional and symbolic statuses all of our chance become political acts     ­ do we make efforts to change it? • We need to build relationships and coalition that will bring about social changes  • Differences in power and privilege frame our relationships and constrain our ability to connect  with one another     ­ pay attention to the power dynamics     ­ privileged groups can erase the very presence of the less privileged, and/or to be seeing for  their entertainment value • Coalitions around common causes  — need individuals to know the real reason for coalition  • Common grievances can transcend differences and allow us to develop empathy for each  others ’ points of views     ­ what is the real issue at hand? how do we want to change it? • Building empathy • Developing empathy for the experiences of individual groups different than ourselves • Begins with taking an interest of facts in other peoples live, both details of personal biographies  and how categories created the institutional and symbolic back drop for their biography  (sociology imagination, remember?)


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