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Week of 05/02 notes

by: Alexis Reynolds

Week of 05/02 notes HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865)

Alexis Reynolds

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Survey of American History Since 1865
Steven Watts
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Reynolds on Friday May 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1200 (History, Angela Bell, Survey of American History Since 1865) at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Steven Watts in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History Since 1865 in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 05/06/16
The Great Retrenchment: America Since the 1960’s I: The Silent Majority II: American Malaise III: The Reagan Revolution IV: End of the Cold War Terms Richard M. Nixon The New Right Détente The Moral Majority Watergate Family Values Gerald Ford Sun Belt Jimmy Carter Mikhail Gorbachev Stagflation Solidarity Iron Hostage Crisis Berlin Wall Ronald Reagan I: The Silent Majority  Late 1968-80’s, great massive of regular people pulled back from all challeneges/critisms and moved to re-embrace and support mainstream American values o Consumerism o Capital liberalism o Self realization o Defense of American interest  1 signal – result of the election o Richard M. Nixon  Running mate Spiro Agnew  Republican  Cold warrior, anti-communism  Candidate of silent majority (regular people, non- protesters, hard workers)  Anti-radical, anti-hippie  Pro middle class  Conservative  Domestic policy  Surprising flexibility  In favor of government regulation of the economy  Government should give an annual income  Mainstream corporate liberal  Foreign affairs  Tried to negotiate into war with North Vietnamese  Build up military to put pressure on North Vietnamese o Would force them to negotiate o Didn’t work well  South Vietnamese get weaker, North Vietnamese become stronger  South government fails, surrenders to North  Purse a policy of Détente o Easing tensions, limit Cold War conflict o Negotiating a nuclear arms treaty  China revolution 1949, refused to have diplomatic relations o Nixon secretly negotiated to talk to leaders of communist government o 1972, United States was thawing relations with Chinese and reconized their goevnment o Visits China, about a week o Ease the way for China to be apart of United Nations  Watergate (1972 election renominated) o Very paranoid about politics o Approved spies to spy on democratic o Laundering money into Mexico for election o Agnew resigns from office because he was taking bribes, caught o Cover up all the cries o 1974 summer, pass 1 series of impeachment o Leading democratic tell him that he was impeached o ON national TV, Nixon resigns on August 8 1974 o Gerald Ford became president after being assigned vice president II: American Malaise  American filled with self doubt  Gerald Ford o Leader of Minority Affairs o Decent president o University of Michigan, all0american football player o Pardoned Nixon, relieved him of his charges o Succeeded by Jimmy Carter  Democratic (moderate)  Christian  Told voters “I will never lie to you”  1976  Economic plan  Process of de-industrialization  Industrialization begins to decline  The Rust Belt o Companies in debt o Production drops  Jobs lost, unions decline, cost of living goes up  Inflation of currency, money worth less and less  Stagflation, everybody getting hot from all angles  Foreign affairs  Iron Crisis o Government under Sha of Iran  Military  Ally of United States  Got a lot military staff from United States  1 rumbling of Islamic revolution, against government  1979, overthrow government and flees the country  Comes back and becomes apart of revolution government  Ambush United States embassy, take 60 American hostages  Return hostages for Sha o Threatens Iranian government o American government couldn’t do anything about situation o Send in green barrages to rescue hostages, caught in stand storm, rest caught and shot up III: The Reagan Revolution  Slow gathering conservative movement in politics, culture, and religion o The big reaction to 1960’s  Ronald Reagan o Republican o Crushed Carter in 1980 election o Hollywood actor (20-25 years) o Franklin Roosevelt liberal, support democratic party o Actors turned off by unions o 1964 election, famous fro making TV speech o 1966-74, California government o Appeal was stylistic o Confident man o Charming, optimistic, old fashion patriot, had a way of polished speech o The New Right  Grassroots conservative organizing  Suburban areas o Moral Majority  Old fashion Christians, same Catholic  Reaction to 1960’s  Lead by Rev. Jerry Falwell  Need religious values  Anti-sexual revolution, anti-abortion  Family values o Sun Belt  Demographic shift in population  Populations shifts southward because there are new economic jobs  Florida, Texas, California  Result is end of Cold War IV: End of the Cold War  Collapse of Soviet Union/communism  Reagan o Passionate cold warrior/anti-communism o Made speeches denouncing anti-communism o Soviet Union = evil empire o Put a lot of money information spending to stop communism  Hurt Soviet Union in economic terms  Felt bound to keep up with money and did the same as United States  Soviet Union economic became to spend very thin to the breaking point  Soviet Union received a lot of internal pressure about Soviet power/domination o Solidarity Movement  Mid 1980’s  Labor movement in Poland  Trying to get a better deal for working people  Unfriendly to communism powers  Anti-communist movement  Labor strikes  1989, Pro Soviet government failed  Resigned/left country  First domino going down  Soviet communism leadership is very old o Two die of coming to power o Mikhail Gorbachev  Unusual Soviet leader  Young, early ‘50’s  Reformer  Communist became arcaic, not working economically  United States/west proclaims of policy of openness, deal with west openly  Met with Reagan  Tries to open up economic system  Economic liberalization, letting market forces come in  Intended to open reforms and strengthen government  Opened up door for world to come into Soviet Union  Russian army tried to throw him out of power  People supported Gorbachev and was against army  Non-communist leader took his place  Similar revolutions that happened in Eastern Europe o Throwing communist out of government  Cold War ended with end of communism  Berlin Wall (1989) o Symbol of communist domination o Tore down wall  China, North Korea, and Cuba communist government remained  Early 1990’s, development of fluent/dangerous things happened international o Not easy to know “enemy” 


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